1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cinna L.
      1. Cinna arundinacea L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Canada to Central & E. U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Butt sheaths herbaceous; not bulbous, or thickened and forming a bulb. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 4-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; elliptic; dense; nodding; 15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.5 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; cartilaginous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0.5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; hyaline; 1 -veined; 1-keeled. Palea keels scaberulous. Rhachilla extension 0.1 mm long.
    Flowers
    Anthers 1; 1.2-1.7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Endosperm liquid.
    Distribution
    North America: eastern Canada, north-central USA, northeast USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Aveneae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Cinna arundinacea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fernald, M.L. [3648], Virginia Cinna arundinacea var. inexpansa K000913490 Unknown type material

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 5 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0