1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Crescentia L.
      1. Crescentia cujete L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Venezuela, Caribbean. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and respiratory system disorders.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Tree to 10 m tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves tufted, simple, sessile, obovate-spathulate, 4–26 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1–2-flowered, borne on trunk or main branches.
    Calyx
    Calyx split into two lobes 1.8–2.6 × 1.3–2.4 cm.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow-green, speckled red or marked purple, campanulate, fleshy, 4–7.5 cm long with transverse fold across the tube.
    Fruits
    Fruit spherical to ovoid or ellipsoid, 15–30 cm long, (8–)13–20 cm diameter with thin hard shell.
    Note
    Native to Mexico and North Central America but natural range obscured by very extensive cultivation in tropical America. Cultivated in Kenya: Kwale District: Diani Beach, Kivulini, 25 Feb. 1992, Luke 3075 and Tanzania: Pangani District: Mwera, 15 July 1932, Geilinger 865; Zanzibar, Dunga, Feb. 1929, Greenway H 11/29.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 1370 m.
    Distribution
    Native and cultivated in Colombia.
    Habit
    Shrub.
    Vernacular
    Kalbas, allita.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1370 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, arbolito, árbol
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Infructescences - Fruits used to make musical instruments (Linares 1994). Infructescences - Fruits used to make kitchen utensils (Linares 1994). Infructescences - Fruits used to make vases, flowerpots, animal figures (Linares 1994). Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Respiratory System Disorders
    Infructescences - Used in liquid medicines and to make cough syrups (Díaz 2003, Cadena-González 2010).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Benin, Brazil Southeast, Chad, Ecuador, Galápagos, Gambia, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago

    Common Names

    English
    Calabash tree, gourd
    Spanish
    Totumo, mate, calabaza, poro, poto, palo totumas, táparo, mate, caabaza, árbol de las calabazas, palo de calabaza, camasa, tecomate, calabazo, üero, güira, camazo, tápara.

    Crescentia cujete L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5234], Cameroon K000338411
    Jan 1, 1978 Burchell [9576], Brazil K000921932
    Gardner [3342] K000450013
    Krukoff, B.A. [1551], Brazil K000921929
    Sinclair [s.n.], Ecuador K000450014
    Gardner [3342], Brazil K000921933
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000921928
    Burchell [1058], Brazil K000921930
    Burchell [9576], Brazil K000921931

    First published in Sp. Pl. 2: 626 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Gentry, A.H. in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (1997). Bignoniaceae Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 3: 403-491. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Gentry, A.H. (1980). Bignoniaceae-Part I (Crescentieae and Tourrettieae) Flora Neotropica, Monograph 25(1): 1-130.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
    • Diaz Merchán, J. A. (2017). Caracterización del mercado colombiano de plantas medicinales y aromáticas. Informe técnico. Instituto Alexander von Humboldt- Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial, Bogotá, Colombia.
    • Tapasco, J., et al. (2015). Impactos económicos del cambio climático en Colombia: especies nativas y biocomercio. Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, Monografía No. 257, Washington D.C.
    • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Cadena-González, A.L. (2010). Study of knowledge on medicinal plants in Zetaquira and Campo Hermoso municipalities (Departamento de Boyacá, Colombia) using quantitative approaches. Faculty of Life Sciences. University of Copenhagen.
    • Linares, E. (1994). Inventario preliminar de las plantas utilizadas para elaborar artesanías en Colombia. Vniversitas Scientarium. Vol 2: 1-38
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Gentry, A.H. (1977). Bignoniaceae Flora of Ecuador 7: 1-172. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale, List Introd. Trees Uganda: 25 (1953)
    • T.T.C.L.: 70 (1949)
    • U.O.P.Z.: 214 (1949) pro parte

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/