Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Central Asia and Afghanistan.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect biennial reaching to about 1 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stems stout, ribbed or smooth and usually covered with prickles
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, 10–45 × 3–12 cm, setose-ciliate; the lower oblanceolate, tapering at the base, crenate; the upper connate, pinnatifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence large, 2.5–9 cm long, ovate-oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts erect or spreading, linear-lanceolate, subulate, keeled, with spines on the margins and midrib, shorter than or equalling the inflorescence Involucral bracteoles chaffy, 8–15 × 3–4 mm, oblong, aristate-cuspidate, erect, crowded, equal to or longer than the corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 8–12 mm long, pink or lilac; tube covered with sericeous hairs.
Ecology
Damp spots near road; cultivated land in tomato plantation, above tree line, roadside, muddy clay soil, metamorphic rocks; alt. 530–1700 m
Phenology
Jul.–Aug.
Distribution
Very local in northern Iraq. Europe, N Africa, SW & C Asia; widely introduced.
Vernacular
?CHAURUKA (Kurd.?), Rawi 9368 (Qa’lat Diza).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Palestine

Introduced into:

Colorado, Great Britain, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Dipsacus laciniatus L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 97 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Berry, M. (2019). Adventures and aliens news 17 BSBI News 141: 41-47.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1988). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 1-568. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & Lack, H.W. (1991). Flora Iranica 168: 1-67. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Styer, D. & al. (2017). Noteworthy collections Madroño 64: 113-115.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspectus Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 116 (1875);
  • Lack in Fl. Iranica 168: 3 (1991); Jamzad, Fl. Iran 8: 10 (1993).
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1, 97 (1753);
  • Zohary in Dep. Agr. Iraq Bull., 31: 141 (1950);
  • Zohary in Pal. Journ. Bot., J. ser., 4: 236 (1949);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palest., ed. 2, 1: 611 (1932);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
  • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1988). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 1-568. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Stace, C.A., Preston, C.D. & Pearman, D.A. (2015). Hybrid flora of the British isles: 1-501. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.
  • Styer, D. & al. (2017). Noteworthy collections Madroño 64: 113-115.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspectus Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/