1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Scabiosa L.
      1. Scabiosa columbaria L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Iran and Arabian Peninsula, NW. Africa, Tropical African Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Perennial herb, 0.15–1.2 m. high, with erect branched pubescent stems, markedly heterophyllous.
    Leaves
    Radical leaves sessile, entire or deeply lobed in the lower part with the margin toothed or crenate above, glabrous or pubescent; lower stem-leaves deeply pinnatifid, rarely bipinnate; upper stem-leaves deeply pinnatipartite, smaller and simply pinnate or entire.
    Inflorescences
    Heads (2–)2.5– 3.5(–4) cm. in diameter, on long peduncles.
    Bracts
    Bracts of the receptacle linear-lanceolate, acute, 3–5 mm. long, pubescent above. Involucral bracts lanceolate, acute, varying from half the length of the marginal flowers to exceeding them.
    Bracteoles
    Involucel pubescent, becoming 8-furrowed and (including the limb) 4–5 mm. long in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx small, pilose, with bristles 3–6 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla lilac, mauve or, rarely, pinkish, 5–20 mm. long, larger and more unequally lobed in the marginal flowers.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/5, p. 8.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland and grass-moor; 2100–4100 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 T2 U1 U3
    [FZ]

    Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. and J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Perennial herb up to 1·5 m., with erect branched stems, heterophyllous.
    Leaves
    Leaves of non–flowering rosettes and basal stem leaves ovate–lanceolate, obovate or lanceolate, simple, lyrate or pinnatifid, upper stem leaves 1–2 pinnatifid or pinnatisect, the segments lanceolate to linear, the terminal segment larger than the lateral, hispid or pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flower heads on long peduncles, globular or hemispherical (2–)2·5–3·5(–4) cm. in diameter.
    Bracts
    Receptacle bracts linear, acute 3–5 mm. long. Involucral bracts linear lanceolate, acute, shorter than or equalling the marginal flowers, pubescent.
    Bracteoles
    Involucel tube cylindrical, 8–furrowed, pubescent, 2–3·5 mm. long in fruit.
    Corona
    Corona glabrous, membranaceous, conspicuously veined, 0·5–1·5 mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx pilose, cupuliform, bearing 5 setae, 1–8 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla mauve or white, or the tube white and lip mauve, 5–lobed with 3 larger and 2 smaller lobes, larger and more irregularly lobed in the marginal flowers.
    Fruits
    Mature fruit 2–4 mm. long, corona and calyx persistent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Central European Rus, Congo, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kenya, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    New York

    Scabiosa columbaria L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tenore [s.n.] K000779049
    Tenore [s.n.], Italy K000779051
    Porta [470], Italy K000779047
    Porta [678], Italy K000779045
    Porta [678], Italy K000779046
    Porta [548], Italy K000779048
    s.coll. [s.n.], Italy K000779050
    Timbal-Lagrave, P.M.É. [2492], France K000779044
    Piotrowski, K. [953], Poland K000779043

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 99 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Napper, D.M. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipsacaceae: 1-11.
    • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1030 (1965).
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 184 (1957).
    • Hiern, Cat. Welw. Afr. Pl. 1: 518 (1898).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 396 (1895).
    • Engl., Hochgeb. Trop. Afr.: 404 (1892).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 252 (1877).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 368 (1847).
    • Coulter in DC. Prodr. 4: 658 (1830).
    • Coulter, Mem. Dips.: 38 (1823)
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 99 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
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