1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros batocana Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to Botswana.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Small, evergreen sclerophyllous tree 3–8(12) m. high, very rarely flowering as a shrub less than 1 m. high.
    Crown
    Crown dense, rounded.
    Bark
    Bark blackish, rough, deeply fissured.
    Leaves
    Leaves rigid, coriaceous, glossy above, pale glaucous–green beneath; lamina 6 x 2–12 x 4 cm., usually narrowly to broadly elliptic and rounded or subacute at both ends, but sometimes lanceolate or lanceolate–elliptic and acute at both ends; lower surface glabrous except for a few strigulose hairs; lateral nerves in about 7 pairs, indistinct above, subprominent beneath; venation indistinct.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·6 cm. long, cyathiform, with 4–6 very short, broadly deltate or rounded lobes, strigulose–tomentellous outside with blackish, upward–directed hairs.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 1·4 cm. long, hypocrateriform, white and waxy inside, strigulose–tomentellous outside with blackish, downward–directed hairs; tube c. 1 cm. long, broadest at the middle, thickened and constricted inside at the throat; lobes 4–6, 0·4 x 0·3 cm., suborbicular.
    Stamens
    Stamens 15–17, included, inserted on the receptacle, 0·6 cm. long; filaments c. 0–1 cm. long; anthers linear–apiculate, glabrous.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode represented by a tuft of glandular hairs.
    Male
    Pistillode represented by a tuft of glandular hairs. Corolla c. 1·4 cm. long, hypocrateriform, white and waxy inside, strigulose–tomentellous outside with blackish, downward–directed hairs; tube c. 1 cm. long, broadest at the middle, thickened and constricted inside at the throat; lobes 4–6, 0·4 x 0·3 cm., suborbicular. Stamens 15–17, included, inserted on the receptacle, 0·6 cm. long; filaments c. 0–1 cm. long; anthers linear–apiculate, glabrous. Male flowers rarely axillary, usually in subsessile clusters on the older branchlets and on branches up to 10 cm. in diameter, the persistent axes forming prominent coralloid bosses. Calyx 0·6 cm. long, cyathiform, with 4–6 very short, broadly deltate or rounded lobes, strigulose–tomentellous outside with blackish, upward–directed hairs.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to the male in structure and position, but calyx more deeply lobed and corolla with broader tube and shorter lobes. Male flowers rarely axillary, usually in subsessile clusters on the older branchlets and on branches up to 10 cm. in diameter, the persistent axes forming prominent coralloid bosses.
    Bracts
    Bracts inconspicuous, up to 0·3 cm. long.
    Female
    Bracts inconspicuous, up to 0·3 cm. long. Staminodes 6–8, densely setulose, attached to base of corolla–tube. Female flowers similar to the male in structure and position, but calyx more deeply lobed and corolla with broader tube and shorter lobes. Ovary 0·5 x 0·5 cm., subglobose, merging into the short, stout style, strigulose–tomentellous; locules 6, styles 3, short; stigmatic lobes, large, fleshy, deeply and irregularly lobed.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 6–8, densely setulose, attached to base of corolla–tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary 0·5 x 0·5 cm., subglobose, merging into the short, stout style, strigulose–tomentellous; locules 6, styles 3, short; stigmatic lobes, large, fleshy, deeply and irregularly lobed.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5–6, c. 2 x 1 x 0·8 cm., endosperm smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx 0·5–0·6 cm. long, scarcely accrescent, patelliform. Fruit up to 4 cm. in diameter, obovoid or oblate, orange, tomentose when young with chocolate–brown or rufous appressed hairs, glabrescent in patches.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros batocana Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7713], Zambia 2514.000
    Eyles, F. [8175], Zambia 2515.000
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000350780 holotype
    Codd, L.E. [7508], Angola K000317925
    Pope, G. [2196], Zambia K000317926

    First published in Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12: 174 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0