1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros bipindensis Gürke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central Tropical Africa to Uganda and NE. Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Tree 8-20 m. tall, but sometimes flowering when a shrub 2.5-3 m. tall (Eggeling states shrub 3-4.5 m.); bole shallowly fluted; bark dark brown or blackish, very hard, appearing smooth but with shallow anastomosing longitudinal fissures; slash yellow; branchlets often with ellipsoidal or subglobose thickenings (?galls).
    Leaves
    Leaves drying grey-green or greenish brown above, darker beneath, elliptic-oblong or oblong-oblanceolate, 10-15(-26) cm. long, 2.5-6(-10) cm. wide, caudate-acuminate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves in 5-9 pairs, slightly impressed above, prominent beneath, anastomosing and curving very distinctly 0.5-1 cm. from the margin; petiole 0.5-1 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers strongly scented, 2-5 in contracted cymes, axillary or borne on the branches; peduncle 1 mm. long; pedicels 1 mm. long; calyx cyathiform, 6-8 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4, narrowly triangular, 3-4 mm. long, very shortly strigulose and with sparse black hairs on both faces; corolla yellowish cream, hypocrateriform, 1.6 cm. long, glabrous; corolla-tube 7 mm. long; corolla-lobes 4, elliptic, 9 mm. long, 6 mm. wide; stamens 20 in 2 rows, 4-5 mm. long, included; filaments partially joined to the tube, very shortly setulose; anthers lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous save at base; rudimentary ovary minute, glabrous. Female flowers axillary or borne on the branches, usually solitary; pedicel 2 mm. long; calyx larger than in male, 1 cm. long, lobed almost to the base, the lobes broadly triangular-ovate, subacuminate; corolla as in the male; staminodes 8; ovary ovoid-conical, 4 mm. tall, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous, with 8-10 uniovulate locules; styles 4, slender, ± as long as the ovary terminating in lanceolate stigmas.
    Male
    Male flowers strongly scented, 2-5 in contracted cymes, axillary or borne on the branches; peduncle 1 mm. long; pedicels 1 mm. long; calyx cyathiform, 6-8 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4, narrowly triangular, 3-4 mm. long, very shortly strigulose and with sparse black hairs on both faces; corolla yellowish cream, hypocrateriform, 1.6 cm. long, glabrous; corolla-tube 7 mm. long; corolla-lobes 4, elliptic, 9 mm. long, 6 mm. wide; stamens 20 in 2 rows, 4-5 mm. long, included; filaments partially joined to the tube, very shortly setulose; anthers lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous save at base; rudimentary ovary minute, glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers axillary or borne on the branches, usually solitary; pedicel 2 mm. long; calyx larger than in male, 1 cm. long, lobed almost to the base, the lobes broadly triangular-ovate, subacuminate; corolla as in the male; staminodes 8; ovary ovoid-conical, 4 mm. tall, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous, with 8-10 uniovulate locules; styles 4, slender, ± as long as the ovary terminating in lanceolate stigmas.
    Fruits
    Fruit with bloom at first, orange at maturity, subglobose or ellipsoid, 2-3 cm. long, 2-3 cm. wide, glabrous; calyx orange-brown, very accrescent, up to 4 cm. long, completely hiding the fruit, with tube hemispherical below, 1.5-2 cm. long and bearing 4 triangular lobes 1.5-2 cm. long, acute to acuminate transversely, undulate and with longitudinal folds, irregularly veined longitudinally; pedicel up to 5 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 7-8(-10).
    Figures
    Fig. 3/17.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest; ± 700 m.
    Distribution
    U2
    [FWTA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Forest shrub 8-20 ft. high or tree up to 60 ft. high
    Bole
    Bole shallowly fluted with rounded ridges
    Bark
    Bark dark brown, with very close anastomosing fissures
    Slash
    Slash: outer bark jet black, inner bark cream outside, ochre-yellow inside
    Wood
    Sapwood white darkening to pale yellow Heartwood sometimes black
    Flowers
    Flowers strongly scented
    Corolla
    Corolla yellowish-cream
    Fruits
    Ripe fruit whitish-pruinose, borne on branches.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Uganda, Zaïre

    Diospyros bipindensis Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2006 Etuge, M. [5263], Cameroon K000339039
    Mar 1, 2006 Gosline, G. [407], Cameroon K000339038
    Mar 1, 2006 Tadjouteu, F. [600], Cameroon K000339032
    Jun 1, 2001 Onana, J.-M. [969], Cameroon K000108595
    May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4226], Cameroon K000108600
    May 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [243], Cameroon K000108587
    Jan 1, 1997 Watts, J. [107], Cameroon K000086698
    Jan 1, 1997 Tekwe, C. [64], Cameroon K000086697
    Jan 1, 1995 Wheatley, J.I. [206], Cameroon K000086705
    Jan 1, 1995 Wheatley, J.I. [332], Cameroon K000086709
    Jan 1, 1995 Baker, W.J. [326], Cameroon K000086699
    Jan 1, 1995 Baker, W.J. [221], Cameroon K000086707
    Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [1404], Cameroon K000086704
    Jan 1, 1995 Groves, M. [221], Cameroon K000086711
    Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [381], Cameroon K000086701
    Jan 1, 1995 Jaff, B. [101], Cameroon K000086706
    Jan 1, 1995 Ndam, N. [498], Cameroon K000086702
    Jan 1, 1995 Hurst, J. [25], Cameroon K000086700
    Jan 1, 1993 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1364], Cameroon K000086708
    Jan 1, 1993 Watts, J. [407], Cameroon K000086703
    Jan 1, 1993 Jaff, B. [182], Cameroon K000086710
    Jan 1, 1987 Etuge, M. [220], Cameroon K000051658
    Jan 1, 1987 Nemba, J. [126], Cameroon K000051660
    Jan 1, 1986 Etuge, M. [74], Cameroon K000051662
    Dec 1, 1957 Binuyo, A. [35595], Cameroon K000051574
    Mar 1, 1955 Olorunfemi, J. [FHI 30703], Cameroon K000051575
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9418], Cameroon 11787.000
    Daramola, B.O. [29804], Cameroon K000051657
    Waterman, P.G. [875], Cameroon 37815.000
    Thomas, D.W. [694], Cameroon 43430.000
    Thomas, D.W. [2200], Cameroon K000051659
    Thomas, D.W. [694], Cameroon K000051577
    Harris, D.J. [2312], Central African Republic 60045.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9418], Cameroon K000051576
    Etuge, M. [92], Cameroon K000051661

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 70 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Mildbr. in Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berl. 9: 1051 (1926).
    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 26: 70 (1899)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Ebenaceae: 48, t. 10A-D (1987).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 48: 303 (1976)
    • Letouzey & F. White, Fl. Cameroun 11 & Fl. Gabon 18: 35, t. 1 (1970).
    • F. White in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 11, fig. 202B/3 (1963).
    • Gürke in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 26: 70 (1898).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/