1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros consolatae Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Much and stiffly branched erect evergreen shrub or small bushy tree 1.5-7(-9) m. tall, with fairly dense irregular crown; sometimes ± scandent inT8; bark grey to black, smooth, scaly or rough and longitudinally furrowed; heartwood said to be black.
    Leaves
    Leaves drying pale brown or yellowish brown, often wilted on the tree or wilting soon after picking and consequently in herbarium specimens usually revolute or undulate at the margin, elliptic or obovate, 2.5-10.3 cm. long, 1.2-6 cm. wide, mostly subacute to subacuminate at the apex but sometimes broadly rounded or emarginate, cuneate to rounded at the base, glossy above, glabrous beneath; lateral nerves in 5-9(-10) pairs, indistinct; petiole 3-4 mm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers 1-3 together in leaf-axils and axils of fallen leaves; pedicels 1-3 mm. long; calyx 4 mm. long, minutely puberulous outside; corolla white, campanulate, ± 8 mm. long; corolla-tube 4 mm. long and wide; corolla-lobes 4, semiorbicular, 4 mm. long, 5 mm. wide; stamens ± 20-30, 3 mm. long, glabrous; filaments cream, 0.5 mm. long; anthers paleyellow, lanceolate, 2 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary or in pairs in leaf-axils and in axils of fallen leaves, subsessile; calyx 7 mm. long, minutely puberulous outside; calyx-tube cup-shaped, 4 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4(-6), reduplicate and alternating with slightly decurrent sinuses; corolla white, becoming creamy white, eventually turning brown, falling at a touch when open, funnel-shaped, 8 mm. long, minutely puberulous outside; corolla-tube 4 mm. long, 2 mm. wide below, expanded above; corolla-lobes 4(-6), ± round, 4 mm. long and wide; staminodes ± 10-15, 3 mm. long, glabrous, attached to the corolla-tube and blocking the throat; ovary 2 mm. long and wide, minutely puberulous; styles 3-4, 3 mm. long; locules 6-8. Male flowers 1-3 together in leaf-axils and axils of fallen leaves; pedicels 1-3 mm. long; calyx 4 mm. long, minutely puberulous outside; corolla white, campanulate, ± 8 mm. long; corolla-tube 4 mm. long and wide; corolla-lobes 4, semiorbicular, 4 mm. long, 5 mm. wide; stamens ± 20-30, 3 mm. long, glabrous; filaments cream, 0.5 mm. long; anthers paleyellow, lanceolate, 2 mm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary or in pairs in leaf-axils and in axils of fallen leaves, subsessile; calyx 7 mm. long, minutely puberulous outside; calyx-tube cup-shaped, 4 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4(-6), reduplicate and alternating with slightly decurrent sinuses; corolla white, becoming creamy white, eventually turning brown, falling at a touch when open, funnel-shaped, 8 mm. long, minutely puberulous outside; corolla-tube 4 mm. long, 2 mm. wide below, expanded above; corolla-lobes 4(-6), ± round, 4 mm. long and wide; staminodes ± 10-15, 3 mm. long, glabrous, attached to the corolla-tube and blocking the throat; ovary 2 mm. long and wide, minutely puberulous; styles 3-4, 3 mm. long; locules 6-8.
    Fruits
    Fruit greenish yellow or yellow, globose, 1.5 cm. diameter, glabrous, slightly to very sticky and glossy, with fruiting calyx up to 1.2 cm. long, frilled and held at right-angles to the fruit, and distinctly to indistinctly lobed, the lobes up to 1.3 cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6-8 or fewer by abortion, very dark brown, 1.2 cm. long, 6 mm. wide, 4 mm. thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/4.
    Habitat
    Semi-evergreen or evergreen dry forest, thicket or woodland, often on very rocky slopes, Acacia woodland on black soil, Brachystegia woodland, coastal evergreen forest and Avicennia mangrove swamp/coastal bushland interface; 0-950(-1000) m.
    Distribution
    K4 K6 K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z
    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Much and stiffly branched, erect evergreen shrub or small bushy tree up to 7 (9) m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous, drying pale brown or yellowish–brown, often wilted on the tree or wilting soon after picking, and consequently in herbarium specimens usually with revolute or undulate margins; lamina 4·5 x 2·5–1·0 x 4·5 cm., elliptic or obovate, apex usually subacute to subacuminate, sometimes broadly rounded or emarginate; lower surface glabrous, lateral nerves in 5–9 pairs, indistinct.
    Flowers
    Male flowers 1–3 together in leaf–axils and in axils of fallen leaves; pedicels 0·1–0·3 cm. long. Female flowers solitary or in pairs in leaf axils and in axils of fallen leaves, subsessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 0·4 cm. long, minutely puberulous outside. Calyx c. 0·7 cm. long, minutely puberulous outside, tube cup–shaped, 0·4 cm. long; lobes 4(6), reduplicate and alternating with slightly decurrent sinuses.
    Male
    Calyx c. 0·4 cm. long, minutely puberulous outside. Corolla c. 0·8 cm. long, campanulate; tube no longer than the calyx, 0·4–0·4 cm.; lobes 4, 0·4 x 0·5 cm., hemi–orbicular. Stamens c. 30, 0·3 cm. long, glabrous; filaments 0·05 cm. long. Male flowers 1–3 together in leaf–axils and in axils of fallen leaves; pedicels 0·1–0·3 cm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 0·8 cm. long, campanulate; tube no longer than the calyx, 0·4–0·4 cm.; lobes 4, 0·4 x 0·5 cm., hemi–orbicular. Corolla c. 0·8 cm. long, infundibuliform; minutely puberulous outside; tube 0·4 cm. long, 0·2 cm. wide below, expanded above; lobes 4(–6), 0·4 x 0·4 cm., suborbicular.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 30, 0·3 cm. long, glabrous; filaments 0·05 cm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes c. 15, 0·3 cm. long, glabrous, attached to the corolla–tube, exserted and blocking the throat.
    Pistil
    Ovary 0·2 x 0·2 cm., minutely puberulous; styles 3–4, 0·3 cm. long; locules 6–8.
    Female
    Ovary 0·2 x 0·2 cm., minutely puberulous; styles 3–4, 0·3 cm. long; locules 6–8. Corolla c. 0·8 cm. long, infundibuliform; minutely puberulous outside; tube 0·4 cm. long, 0·2 cm. wide below, expanded above; lobes 4(–6), 0·4 x 0·4 cm., suborbicular. Staminodes c. 15, 0·3 cm. long, glabrous, attached to the corolla–tube, exserted and blocking the throat. Female flowers solitary or in pairs in leaf axils and in axils of fallen leaves, subsessile. Calyx c. 0·7 cm. long, minutely puberulous outside, tube cup–shaped, 0·4 cm. long; lobes 4(6), reduplicate and alternating with slightly decurrent sinuses.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6 or 8 or fewer by abortion, 1·2 x 0·6 x 0·4 cm., very dark brown.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx up to 1–2 cm. long, indistinctly lobed. Fruit c. 1·5 x 1·5 cm., globose, glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania

    Diospyros consolatae Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1995 Faulkner, H.G. [2809], Tanzania K000720195
    Feb 1, 1995 Vaughan, J.H. [699], Tanzania K000350730 Unknown type material

    First published in Racc. Bot.: 77 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 446 (1994).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 58: 353, fig. 11/1-10 (1988).
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 257 (1983)
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 31 (1980).
    • Chiov., Racc. Bot. Miss. Consol. Kenya: 77 (Mar. 1935).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0