1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros fischeri Gürke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 0.9-7 m. tall (one mention of a scandent shrub, Richards 16042), deciduous, sometimes several-stemmed, with rather twisted branching; crown conical or irregularly rounded; bark blackish grey or dark grey-brown, rough, deeply fissured, flaking off in small oblong pieces; slash ± bright or dirty yellow; young shoots very densely hairy with short pubescence and setae up to 2 mm. long; older stems glabrous and with ± close set nodules.
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes obscurely bullate, oblanceolate-oblong to narrowly oblong or elliptic, 1-9.5 cm. long, 0.65-4 cm. wide, rounded to acuminate at the apex, rounded to subcordate at the base, at first densely velvety silky pilose with long and short adpressed hairs later sparser and often only on nerves beneath but ± remaining over upper surface; venation drying reticulate and darker beneath; petiole (1-)2-5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers 4-merous in usually 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncles 3-5 mm. long; pedicels (4-)8-10 mm. long, thickened at apex; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, (2-)5-8 mm. long, (1-)1.5-4 mm. wide, all parts densely hairy with long and short hairs; calyx 4-5 mm. long, lobed for over 2/3 its length, densely sericeous pilose outside, tomentellous inside; calyx-lobes triangular-ovate; corolla sweet-scented, cream or greenish, 5-6 mm. long; corolla-tube 1.3 mm. long; corolla-lobes ovate, 3.75 mm. long, 3.3 mm. wide, spreading pilose towards base outside and with very short hairs above; stamens 8; filaments ± 0.3 mm. long; anthers 2.2 mm. long, densely silky fulvous hairy; rudimentary ovary 1.3 mm. long; styles 2 mm. long, united at the base; locules (?4-)6-8, sterile; disk with fringe of hairs, otherwise glabrous. Female flowers similar, slightly larger with more elliptic calyx-lobes; staminodes 8, pilose; ovary conical, 2 mm. long, 1.8 mm. wide, densely pilose; styles 4, 1.6 mm. long; locules 8, well developed.
    Male
    Male flowers 4-merous in usually 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncles 3-5 mm. long; pedicels (4-)8-10 mm. long, thickened at apex; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, (2-)5-8 mm. long, (1-)1.5-4 mm. wide, all parts densely hairy with long and short hairs; calyx 4-5 mm. long, lobed for over 2/3 its length, densely sericeous pilose outside, tomentellous inside; calyx-lobes triangular-ovate; corolla sweet-scented, cream or greenish, 5-6 mm. long; corolla-tube 1.3 mm. long; corolla-lobes ovate, 3.75 mm. long, 3.3 mm. wide, spreading pilose towards base outside and with very short hairs above; stamens 8; filaments ± 0.3 mm. long; anthers 2.2 mm. long, densely silky fulvous hairy; rudimentary ovary 1.3 mm. long; styles 2 mm. long, united at the base; locules (?4-)6-8, sterile; disk with fringe of hairs, otherwise glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers similar, slightly larger with more elliptic calyx-lobes; staminodes 8, pilose; ovary conical, 2 mm. long, 1.8 mm. wide, densely pilose; styles 4, 1.6 mm. long; locules 8, well developed.
    Fruits
    Fruit green with 4 yellow stripes turning yellow-green or yellow, subglobose, 1.5-2 cm. in diameter, finely velvety puberulous, glabrescent, the accrescent calyx-lobes lanceolate to ovate, 2.5-3 cm. long, 7-9.5 mm. wide, revolute near base.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish brown, oblong, 1.5 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, compressed; endosperm deeply ruminate.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/10.
    Habitat
    Acacia and Commiphora woodland by river edges with kopjes, steep rocky banks, lakeside and swamp edge woodland; wooded grassland on black cotton soil and granite rocks with grassland and Adansonia; 750-1500 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Diospyros fischeri Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1971 Burtt, B.D. [345], Tanzania K000350743 neotype
    Richards, H.M. [16042], Tanzania 3379.000
    Richards, H.M. [13514], Tanzania 3380.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 14: 311 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 306 (1895).
    • Gürke in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 14: 311 (1891)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0