1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros lycioides Desf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Angola and S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 m. high, sometimes suffruticose.
    Bole
    Bole sometimes spinescent towards the base.
    Bark
    Bark grey, ± smooth.
    Leaves
    Leaves chartaceous, drying dull dark brown or grey–green above, paler beneath; lamina 1·5 x 0·7–11 x 2·5 cm., obovate to oblanceolate, apex rounded to acute, base cuneate; lower surface sparsely to densely sericeous–pubescent, especially on the nerves; secondary nerves in 5–6 pairs.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 0·8 cm. long, densely sericeous–pubescent, deeply cleft almost to the base; lobes 5, narrowly deltate or lanceolate–acuminate.
    Corolla
    Corolla up to 1 cm. long, campanulate, widely open at the throat, densely strigulose outside, lobed to just below the middle; lobes 5, ovate–oblong, obtuse.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, 0·3–0·45 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous; anthers narrowly lanceolate, apiculate, densely setose with long hairs at base of connective and shorter hairs along its length on both surfaces.
    Male
    Stamens 10, 0·3–0·45 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous; anthers narrowly lanceolate, apiculate, densely setose with long hairs at base of connective and shorter hairs along its length on both surfaces. Pistillode similar to functional gynoecium but rudimentary ovary conoidal and styles not bifid and stigmatic at the apex. Calyx up to 0·8 cm. long, densely sericeous–pubescent, deeply cleft almost to the base; lobes 5, narrowly deltate or lanceolate–acuminate. Corolla up to 1 cm. long, campanulate, widely open at the throat, densely strigulose outside, lobed to just below the middle; lobes 5, ovate–oblong, obtuse. Male flowers solitary, axillary or in axils of reduced leaves towards base of current year’s shoot; pedicels 0·7–1·7 cm. long.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode similar to functional gynoecium but rudimentary ovary conoidal and styles not bifid and stigmatic at the apex.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to male. Male flowers solitary, axillary or in axils of reduced leaves towards base of current year’s shoot; pedicels 0·7–1·7 cm. long.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to male. Staminodes 10, 0·1–0·2 cm. long, densely setose. Ovary subglobose, ridged, 0·25 x 0·25 cm., tomentellous; locules 6, 8 or 10; styles (3–4)5, common style puberulous, branches glabrous, ending in a shallowly bi–lobed stigma.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 10, 0·1–0·2 cm. long, densely setose.
    Ovary
    Ovary subglobose, ridged, 0·25 x 0·25 cm., tomentellous; locules 6, 8 or 10; styles (3–4)5, common style puberulous, branches glabrous, ending in a shallowly bi–lobed stigma.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–6 or more, brown, up to 1·3 cm. long; endosperm smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx accrescent, up to 1·5 cm. long, lobes narrowly deltate, ultimately strongly reflexed. Fruit red, becoming black, ovoid or globose, apiculate, up to 2 x 1·5 cm., puberulous or glabrescent.
    Cytology
    Chromosome numbers: 2n = 30, 60.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros lycioides Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1972 Yalala, A.M. [405], Botswana K000511147
    Jan 1, 1972 Lambrecht, F.L. [385], Botswana K000511148
    Apr 1, 1961 Gay, J. [s.n.], South Africa K000350834 lectotype
    Plant [s.n.], South Africa K000379567
    Owan, M. [1646], South Africa K000350835
    Brown, R.C. [6733], Botswana K000511149
    Brown, R.C. [6733], Botswana K000511150

    First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 6: 448 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0