1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros mafiensis F.White

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 2.7-6 m. tall, with much branched twigs; young shoots turning blackish, slender, densely minutely setulose-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves drying brown or reddish brown, elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, 1.5-5.5(-7.5) cm. long, 0.8-2.2(-3.2) cm. wide, narrowly rounded to an obtuse or minutely emarginate apex or shortly obtusely subacuminate, cuneate at the base, slightly revolute at the margin, glabrous above, sparsely strigulose-puberulous beneath and slightly glaucous due to dense scales and scale-like hairs; lateral nerves in 4-5 pairs, inconspicuous; tertiary nerves and veins invisible; petiole 3-6 mm. long, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Male flowers solitary, subsessile, axillary or in axils of fallen leaves; calyx 1.5-2 mm. long, lobed for ± 2/3 its length; calyx-lobes 3, narrowly triangular, 1-1.3 mm. long and wide, ± acuminate, glabrous inside, densely strigulose outside; corolla red in bud, cream when open, narrowly conical in bud, 6 mm. long, glabrous, 3-lobed the lobes 2 mm. long; mature corolla not known; stamens 3, 2.5 mm. long, inserted on the receptacle, included; filaments 0.5 mm. long, setose; anthers 2 mm. long, apiculate, glabrous or with sparse hairs; rudimentary ovary absent. Female flowers similarly arranged; calyx glabrous outside save for margin, densely strigulose inside; mature corolla not known; ovary obovoid-cylindrical, 2 mm. long, densely strigulose, with 6 locules; styles 3, 1 mm. long, erect, joined for lower half, glabrous.
    Male
    Male flowers solitary, subsessile, axillary or in axils of fallen leaves; calyx 1.5-2 mm. long, lobed for ± 2/3 its length; calyx-lobes 3, narrowly triangular, 1-1.3 mm. long and wide, ± acuminate, glabrous inside, densely strigulose outside; corolla red in bud, cream when open, narrowly conical in bud, 6 mm. long, glabrous, 3-lobed the lobes 2 mm. long; mature corolla not known; stamens 3, 2.5 mm. long, inserted on the receptacle, included; filaments 0.5 mm. long, setose; anthers 2 mm. long, apiculate, glabrous or with sparse hairs; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Female
    Female flowers similarly arranged; calyx glabrous outside save for margin, densely strigulose inside; mature corolla not known; ovary obovoid-cylindrical, 2 mm. long, densely strigulose, with 6 locules; styles 3, 1 mm. long, erect, joined for lower half, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit red, obovoid-cylindrical, broadly cylindrical or subglobose, 1.3-2 cm. long and wide, sulcate between the seeds when young, verruculose, apiculate (or beaked when young), pale brown pilose when young but soon glabrous save for base of persistent styles, the calyx not accrescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4(-?6) or fewer by abortion, blackish brown, narrowly oblong, 1.3-1.5 cm. long, 5-6 mm. wide and thick; endosperm not ruminate.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/21.
    Habitat
    Open grassland with scattered trees, Combretum thicket, evergreen bushland and forest; 0-250 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or small tree up to 6 m. tall.
    Branches
    Branchlets very slender, blackish, densely and minutely setulose.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous, drying dull dark reddish–brown above, pale pinkish–grey beneath; lamina usually less than 5·5 x 2·2 cm., occasionally up to 7·5 x 3·2 cm., elliptic or lanceolate–elliptic, apex shortly and bluntly subacuminate, base cuneate, margin slightly revolute; lower surface sparsely strigulose–puberulous; lateral nerves in 4–5 pairs, inconspicuous, tertiary nerves and veins invisible.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3, 0·25 cm. long; filaments 0·05 cm. long, setose; anthers 0·2 cm. long, glabrous, apiculate.
    Male
    Stamens 3, 0·25 cm. long; filaments 0·05 cm. long, setose; anthers 0·2 cm. long, glabrous, apiculate. Rudimentary ovary absent. Calyx 0·15 cm. long, lobed to two thirds, lobes 3, narrowly deltate, densely strigulose outside, glabrous inside. Corolla 0–6 cm. long, glabrous, lobes 3, 0·2 cm. long, mature corolla unknown. Male flowers solitary, subsessile, axillary and in axils of fallen leaves on second–year shoots.
    Flowers
    Female flowers borne as in male. Male flowers solitary, subsessile, axillary and in axils of fallen leaves on second–year shoots.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous outside except near margins, densely strigulose inside. Calyx 0·15 cm. long, lobed to two thirds, lobes 3, narrowly deltate, densely strigulose outside, glabrous inside.
    Corolla
    Corolla narrowly conoidal in bud, mature corolla unknown. Corolla 0–6 cm. long, glabrous, lobes 3, 0·2 cm. long, mature corolla unknown.
    Female
    Corolla narrowly conoidal in bud, mature corolla unknown. Ovary 0·2 cm. long, obovoid–cylindric, densely strigulose; locules 6. Female flowers borne as in male. Calyx glabrous outside except near margins, densely strigulose inside.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0·2 cm. long, obovoid–cylindric, densely strigulose; locules 6. Rudimentary ovary absent.
    Seeds
    Seeds (?6) 4 or fewer by abortion, 1·5 x 0·6 x 0·6 cm., dull blackish–brown; endosperm smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx not accrescent. Fruit up to 2 x 2 cm., obovoid–cylindric, broadly cylindric or subglobose, sulcate between the seeds when young, verruculose, apiculate, glabrous except near the base of the persistent styles.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Diospyros mafiensis F.White appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1960 Greenway, P.J. [5346], Tanzania K000350755 holotype
    Jul 1, 1960 Greenway, P.J. [5346], Tanzania K000350754 isotype

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 50: 394 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 58: 397 (1988).
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 280, t. 63 (1983)
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 50: 394 (1980)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0