1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros natalensis (Harv.) Brenan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Much–branched evergreen shrub or small tree up to 25 m. high.
    Shoots
    Young shoots and inflorescences protected by (4) 6–8 bud–scales.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous, drying pale brown above; lamina 1·3 x 0·6–3·6 x 2 cm., very variable, suborbicular, elliptic, lanceolate–elliptic, ovate–elliptic or ovate, apex obtuse or subacute; lower surface glabrous, but margin with a few ciliolate hairs; secondary nerves in 3–5 pairs, darker than the lamina, tertiary nerves and veins indistinct.
    Flowers
    Male flowers solitary or in 2–4–flowered cymes in axils of leaves or of fallen leaves on second–year branchlets; pedicels c. 0·1 cm. long, almost glabrous. Female flowers solitary, similar to male.
    Calyx
    Calyx truncate or denticulate, 0·2–0·3 cm. long, usually glabrous except for the sparsely ciliate margin.
    Male
    Calyx truncate or denticulate, 0·2–0·3 cm. long, usually glabrous except for the sparsely ciliate margin. Male flowers solitary or in 2–4–flowered cymes in axils of leaves or of fallen leaves on second–year branchlets; pedicels c. 0·1 cm. long, almost glabrous. Pistillode absent. Corolla 0–5 cm. long, widely open at the throat, shortly strigulose — tomentellous outside except near the base, glabrous inside; lobes 3, broadly deltate, 0·25 cm. long. Stamens c. 16, exserted, 0·2–0·3 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous, inserted at base of corolla–tube; anthers lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 0–5 cm. long, widely open at the throat, shortly strigulose — tomentellous outside except near the base, glabrous inside; lobes 3, broadly deltate, 0·25 cm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 16, exserted, 0·2–0·3 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous, inserted at base of corolla–tube; anthers lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode absent.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 9, inserted half–way up the corolla–tube, 3 alternating with the lobes and 2 opposite each lobe, 0·15 cm. long, glabrous.
    Female
    Staminodes 9, inserted half–way up the corolla–tube, 3 alternating with the lobes and 2 opposite each lobe, 0·15 cm. long, glabrous. Ovary 0 .3 x 0·25 cm., ovoid–conoidal, glabrous; locules 3, 2–ovulate; styles 3, 0·15 cm. long, united in lower half, bifid at apex. Female flowers solitary, similar to male.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0 .3 x 0·25 cm., ovoid–conoidal, glabrous; locules 3, 2–ovulate; styles 3, 0·15 cm. long, united in lower half, bifid at apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit 0·8 x 0·45 cm., obovoid–ellipsoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, surrounded at the base by the slightly accrescent calyx and looking like an acorn in its cupule.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, 0·7 x 0·3 x 0·3 cm., sub–ellipsoid.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number: 2n = 30.
    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Evergreen several-stemmed shrub or small tree (2-)5-25 m. tall; young stems bristly pubescent; bark brown or grey, thin, smooth, peeling; young shoots and inflorescences protected by (4-)6-8 imbricate bud-scales.
    Leaves
    Leaves drying brown above, very variable, ± round, elliptic, lanceolate-elliptic, ovate-elliptic or ovate, (0.8-)1.3-5.5 cm. long, (0.3-)0.6-2.4 cm. wide, obtuse or subacute at the apex, cuneate or ± rounded at the base, subcoriaceous, glabrous below save for slightly ciliate margins; secondary nerves in 3-5 pairs; tertiary nerves and veins indistinct; petioles 2-3 mm. long, spreading bristly pubescent.
    Male
    Male flowers solitary or in 2-4-flowered cymes in the axils of the leaves or leaf-scars; pedicels ± 1 mm. long, glabrous; calyx 2-3 mm. long, truncate or denticulate, usually glabrous save for the sparsely ciliate margin; corolla white or creamy yellow, 5 mm. long, not constricted at the throat, shortly strigulose-tomentellous outside save near the base, glabrous inside; corolla-lobes 3, broadly triangular, 2.5 mm. long; stamens ± 16, exserted, 2-3 mm. long with very short glabrous filaments; anthers pale brown, lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary, similar to the male; staminodes 9, inserted at middle of corolla-tube, 3 alternating with the corolla-lobes and 3 pairs opposite to the corolla-lobes, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary ovoid-conic, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; styles 3, 1.5 mm. long, joined for the basal half, bifid at the apex. Male flowers solitary or in 2-4-flowered cymes in the axils of the leaves or leaf-scars; pedicels ± 1 mm. long, glabrous; calyx 2-3 mm. long, truncate or denticulate, usually glabrous save for the sparsely ciliate margin; corolla white or creamy yellow, 5 mm. long, not constricted at the throat, shortly strigulose-tomentellous outside save near the base, glabrous inside; corolla-lobes 3, broadly triangular, 2.5 mm. long; stamens ± 16, exserted, 2-3 mm. long with very short glabrous filaments; anthers pale brown, lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous; rudimentary ovary absent.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, similar to the male; staminodes 9, inserted at middle of corolla-tube, 3 alternating with the corolla-lobes and 3 pairs opposite to the corolla-lobes, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary ovoid-conic, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; styles 3, 1.5 mm. long, joined for the basal half, bifid at the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruits yellow, orange-yellow or red, obovoid-ellipsoid to ellipsoid, 6-8 mm. long, 4.5 mm. wide, apiculate, encircled at the base by the slightly accrescent calyx, resembling an acorn in its cupule.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, subellipsoid, 7 mm. long, 3 mm. wide and thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/2.
    Habitat
    Moist semi-deciduous forest, Milicia-Antiaris etc., Juniperus procera upland forest, dry evergreen forest, also riparian and lakeside forest and thicket; 0-1950 m.
    Distribution
    Zaire (N. Shaba), Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique south to E. Cape Province, Madagascar K4 K7 T3 T4 T6 U1 U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros natalensis (Harv.) Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1954 Dawe [524], Mozambique K000350763 syntype
    Eyles, F. [3414], Zimbabwe K000350766 Unknown type material
    unknown [675], South Africa K000350847 Unknown type material
    Gerrard, W.T. [110], South Africa K000350845
    Cooper, T. [2695], South Africa K000350846
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614748
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614753
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614787

    First published in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8: 500 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 447 (1994).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin botanique National de Belgique 58: 343-351 & 432-435 (1988).
    • F. White in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Ebenaceae: 10, t. 1H-M (1987)
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 254, t. 55B (1983)
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 31 (1980).
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Southern Afr.: 748, fig. 246 (1977).
    • Palmer & Pitman, Trees Southern Afr. 3: 1789, fig. & photo. on 1790 (1973).
    • De Winter in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 58, t. 9/1 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 324, fig. 58A (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 175 (1961).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 500 (1954).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0