1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros quiloensis (Hiern) F.White

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Small deciduous tree 1.8-9 m. tall or sometimes a several-stemmed shrub; bark on bole and branches dark grey to almost black, very thick rough and deeply fissured longitudinally and transversely cracked, resembling crocodile skin, the fissures 1-2 cm. deep and 1-3 cm. apart; wood yellow with black heartwood.
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green and glossy red above when young, mostly drying blackish, mostly crowded at ends of very short spur-shoots, sometimes scattered on long shoots, oblanceolate to spathulate or elliptic, 2.5-6(-7) cm. long, 1.2-2(-3.5) cm. wide, rounded to subacute at the apex, cuneate at the base (rounded to subcordate fide T.T.C.L.), plane at margins, subcoriaceous, sparsely puberulous beneath especially on the midrib; lateral nerves in ± 7-9 pairs, together with tertiary nerves and veins all indistinct.
    Male
    Male flowers 2-12, scented, in rather lax cymes, borne below the leaves towards the base of spur-shoots and in axils of fallen leaves on long shoots; peduncle 1 mm. long; pedicels very slender, up to 4 mm. long; calyx 1.5-2 mm. long, glabrous except for minute marginal setulae; calyx-lobes 3-4, triangular, 1-1.5 mm. long; corolla cream, rotate, 6-8 mm. long, glabrous; corolla-tube 1.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes 3-4, ovate-triangular; stamens 9-12, 4-5 mm. long, inserted on the corolla-tube, one opposite to and 2 alternating with each lobe, usually distinctly exserted; anthers lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm. long, not apiculate, densely setulose; rudimentary ovary minute, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary or 2-5 in fascicles, at base of spur-shoots and in leaf-axils and axils of fallen leaves on long shoots, subsessile; calyx 4 mm. long and corolla 9 mm. long otherwise resembling those of male; staminodes 3, ± 3 mm. long, attached to the corolla-tube and alternating with the lobes, minutely setulose at apex; ovary obovoid, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous, with 6 uniovulate locules; style 1.5 mm. long, stout, ending in a large irregularly lobed fleshy stigma. Male flowers 2-12, scented, in rather lax cymes, borne below the leaves towards the base of spur-shoots and in axils of fallen leaves on long shoots; peduncle 1 mm. long; pedicels very slender, up to 4 mm. long; calyx 1.5-2 mm. long, glabrous except for minute marginal setulae; calyx-lobes 3-4, triangular, 1-1.5 mm. long; corolla cream, rotate, 6-8 mm. long, glabrous; corolla-tube 1.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes 3-4, ovate-triangular; stamens 9-12, 4-5 mm. long, inserted on the corolla-tube, one opposite to and 2 alternating with each lobe, usually distinctly exserted; anthers lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm. long, not apiculate, densely setulose; rudimentary ovary minute, glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary or 2-5 in fascicles, at base of spur-shoots and in leaf-axils and axils of fallen leaves on long shoots, subsessile; calyx 4 mm. long and corolla 9 mm. long otherwise resembling those of male; staminodes 3, ± 3 mm. long, attached to the corolla-tube and alternating with the lobes, minutely setulose at apex; ovary obovoid, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous, with 6 uniovulate locules; style 1.5 mm. long, stout, ending in a large irregularly lobed fleshy stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow, fusiform, 1.5-2 cm. long, 9 mm. wide, glabrous, the style persistent; calyx ± 5 mm. long, the tube shorter than the rounded or obtuse lobes, much wider than the pedicel.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, ellipsoid; endosperm smooth.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/8; fig. 5/3-5.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and thicket; 0-900 m. in Flora Zambesiaca area but exact habitat not known for Tanzania the altitude probably being 0-150 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Small deciduous tree up to 8 m. tall.
    Bark
    Bark on bole and branches dark grey, very thick, deeply fissured longitudinally and cracked transversely and looking like Crocodile skin, the fissures 1–2 cm. deep and 1–3 cm. apart; sometimes a multiple–stemmed shrub.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous, dark green, glossy, usually drying blackish, scattered on long shoots, but mostly crowded at ends of very short spur–shoots; lamina up to 6x2 (7 x 3·5) cm., oblanceolate to spathulate, apex rounded to subacute, base cuneate, margin plane; lower surface sparsely puberulous especially on the midrib; lateral nerves in c. 7–9 pairs, indistinct; tertiary nerves and veins indistinct on both surfaces; petiole c. 0·2 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers in 2–12–flowered, rather lax cymes, borne below the leaves towards base of spur shoots, and in axils of fallen leaves on long shoots; peduncle c. 0·1 cm. long, pedicels very slender, up to 0·4 cm. long. Female flowers subsessile, solitary or in fascicles of 2–5, at base of spur shoots and in leaf–axils and axils of fallen leaves on long shoots.
    Male
    Male flowers in 2–12–flowered, rather lax cymes, borne below the leaves towards base of spur shoots, and in axils of fallen leaves on long shoots; peduncle c. 0·1 cm. long, pedicels very slender, up to 0·4 cm. long. Pistillode minute, glabrous. Corolla 0·6–0·8 cm. long, rotate, glabrous; tube c. 0·15 cm. long; lobes 3–4, ovate–deltate. Stamens 0·4–0·5 cm. long, usually distinctly exserted, 9 or 12, inserted on corolla–tube, one opposite to and 2 alternating with each lobe; anthers 0·15–0·2 cm. long, lanceolate, not apiculate, densely setulose. Calyx 0·15–0·2 cm. long, glabrous except for minute marginal setulae; lobes 3–4, deltate, 0·1–0·15 cm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla 0·6–0·8 cm. long, rotate, glabrous; tube c. 0·15 cm. long; lobes 3–4, ovate–deltate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 0·4–0·5 cm. long, usually distinctly exserted, 9 or 12, inserted on corolla–tube, one opposite to and 2 alternating with each lobe; anthers 0·15–0·2 cm. long, lanceolate, not apiculate, densely setulose.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode minute, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx and corolla similar to male but up to 0·4 and 0·9 cm. long respectively. Calyx 0·15–0·2 cm. long, glabrous except for minute marginal setulae; lobes 3–4, deltate, 0·1–0·15 cm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 3, c. 0·3 cm. long, attached to corolla–tube and alternating with the lobes, minutely setulose at apex.
    Pistil
    Ovary 0·3 x 0·25 cm, obovoid, glabrous; style 0–15 cm. long, stout, ending in a large, irregularly lobed fleshy stigma; locules 6, uniovulate.
    Female
    Ovary 0·3 x 0·25 cm, obovoid, glabrous; style 0–15 cm. long, stout, ending in a large, irregularly lobed fleshy stigma; locules 6, uniovulate. Calyx and corolla similar to male but up to 0·4 and 0·9 cm. long respectively. Staminodes 3, c. 0·3 cm. long, attached to corolla–tube and alternating with the lobes, minutely setulose at apex. Female flowers subsessile, solitary or in fascicles of 2–5, at base of spur shoots and in leaf–axils and axils of fallen leaves on long shoots.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 2 x 0·9 cm., glabrous, fusiform, style persistent. Fruiting calyx c. 0·5 cm. long, the tube shorter than the lobes, much wider than the pedicel, lobes rounded or obtuse.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, ellipsoid; endosperm smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros quiloensis (Hiern) F.White appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1955 Kirk, J. [110], Tanzania K000350740 holotype
    Mar 1, 1955 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000350741
    Wild, H. [40097], Zimbabwe 989.000

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 26: 244 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 58: 368 (1988).
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 261, t. 58B (1983)
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Southern Afr.: 749 (1977).
    • F. White in Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 332, t. 59H (1962).
    • K. & O. Coates Palgrave, Trees Central Afr.: 168-171, t. & photo. (1957).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 26: 244 (1956)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0