1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros rotundifolia Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or rigidly branched tree with wide–spreading branches, 2–8 (11) m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves coriaceous, drying pale brown or greenish–brown; lamina 3 x 2·6–4·5 x 3·8 cm., suborbicular or orbicular, apex broadly rounded to subtruncate, margin recurved; lower surface glabrous; lateral nerves in c. 5 pairs, indistinct.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 30, 0·3–0·4 cm. long, glabrous; filaments c. 0·1 cm. long.
    Male
    Stamens c. 30, 0·3–0·4 cm. long, glabrous; filaments c. 0·1 cm. long. Calyx 0·3–0·5 cm. long, minutely puberulous outside. Corolla 0·9–1·3 cm. long, campanulate; tube much longer than the calyx, 0·6 x 0·4–0·7 x 0·5 cm., widely open at the throat; lobes 4–6, up to 0·6 x 0·45 cm., broadly Ungulate, spreading. Male flowers solitary in leaf–axils and in axils of fallen leaves; pedicels 0·3–0·6 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary in leaf–axils and in axils of fallen leaves; pedicels c. 0·3 cm. long. Male flowers solitary in leaf–axils and in axils of fallen leaves; pedicels 0·3–0·6 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·9–1·2 cm. long, glabrous; tube cup–shaped, very thick and fleshy, contrasting with the wide, strongly venose, membranous marginal frill which forms (4) 5 plicate lobes alternating with (4) 5 decurrent sinuses. Calyx 0·3–0·5 cm. long, minutely puberulous outside.
    Corolla
    Corolla 1·2–1·5 cm. long, hypocrateriform, widely open at the throat, glabrous; tube 0·6–0·8 x 0·4–0·5 cm., much shorter than the calyx; lobes (4) 5–6, 0·5–0·7 x 0·5–0·7 cm., spreading, suborbicular. Corolla 0·9–1·3 cm. long, campanulate; tube much longer than the calyx, 0·6 x 0·4–0·7 x 0·5 cm., widely open at the throat; lobes 4–6, up to 0·6 x 0·45 cm., broadly Ungulate, spreading.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes c. 15, c. 0·4 cm. long, attached to base of corolla–tube, glabrous.
    Female
    Staminodes c. 15, c. 0·4 cm. long, attached to base of corolla–tube, glabrous. Ovary 0·3 x 0·3 cm., glabrous; styles (4) 5, 0·275 cm. long; locules (8) 10. Calyx 0·9–1·2 cm. long, glabrous; tube cup–shaped, very thick and fleshy, contrasting with the wide, strongly venose, membranous marginal frill which forms (4) 5 plicate lobes alternating with (4) 5 decurrent sinuses. Corolla 1·2–1·5 cm. long, hypocrateriform, widely open at the throat, glabrous; tube 0·6–0·8 x 0·4–0·5 cm., much shorter than the calyx; lobes (4) 5–6, 0·5–0·7 x 0·5–0·7 cm., spreading, suborbicular. Female flowers solitary in leaf–axils and in axils of fallen leaves; pedicels c. 0·3 cm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 0·3 x 0·3 cm., glabrous; styles (4) 5, 0·275 cm. long; locules (8) 10.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8 or 10 or fewer by abortion, 1–5 x 0–8 x 0–3 cm., very dark brown.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx scarcely accrescent but becoming flattened and patelliform as the fruit matures, lobes c. 0·8 cm. long. Fruit c. 2·5 x 2·5 cm., glabrous, globose.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique

    Diospyros rotundifolia Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12: 181 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0