1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros scabra (Chiov.) Cufod.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Evergreen tree or shrub 1.5-11 m. tall, with dense rounded crown; bole up to 60 cm. in diameter; bark grey, brown or almost black, rough, with fine to deep quadrangular fissures; slash soft, cream tinged pink.
    Branches
    Young branchlets densely setulose.
    Leaves
    Leaves olive green, drying brown or pale greenish brown, broadly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, 0.7-3.7 cm. long, 0.4-1.7 cm. wide, acute to rounded at apex and base, densely setulose on midrib and margin beneath, less so on blade; other venation virtually invisible on both surfaces.
    Flowers
    Male flowers subfasciculate in 2-6-flowered cymules in leaf-axils and on leafless branchlets; peduncle ± 1 mm. long; pedicels slender, 1-2 mm. long; calyx cyathiform, 2-3 mm. long, lobed to ± the middle, strigulose on both surfaces; calyx-lobes 3(-4), triangular; corolla pale yellow, conical in bud, 6 mm. long, glabrous but with scattered papillae; corolla-tube 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide; corolla-lobes 3, ovate-triangular, 3 mm. long, acute; stamens ± 12, sometimes in pairs, up to 1.25 mm. long, included; filaments 1.25 mm. long, glabrous, inserted on base of the corolla-tube; anthers glabrous save for a few minute apical setulae; rudimentary ovary narrowly and irregularly conical, 3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, glabrous. Female flowers solitary in leaf-axils and below the leaves on the bare branchlets; pedicels 1-2 mm. long; calyx and corollas as in the male but latter strigulose with a few minute hairs; staminodes not seen; ovary ellipsoid, 3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, glabrous; locules 6, uniovulate; styles 3, bilobed, 1 mm. long, glabrous, fleshy and stigmatic on inner face.
    Male
    Male flowers subfasciculate in 2-6-flowered cymules in leaf-axils and on leafless branchlets; peduncle ± 1 mm. long; pedicels slender, 1-2 mm. long; calyx cyathiform, 2-3 mm. long, lobed to ± the middle, strigulose on both surfaces; calyx-lobes 3(-4), triangular; corolla pale yellow, conical in bud, 6 mm. long, glabrous but with scattered papillae; corolla-tube 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide; corolla-lobes 3, ovate-triangular, 3 mm. long, acute; stamens ± 12, sometimes in pairs, up to 1.25 mm. long, included; filaments 1.25 mm. long, glabrous, inserted on base of the corolla-tube; anthers glabrous save for a few minute apical setulae; rudimentary ovary narrowly and irregularly conical, 3 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary in leaf-axils and below the leaves on the bare branchlets; pedicels 1-2 mm. long; calyx and corollas as in the male but latter strigulose with a few minute hairs; staminodes not seen; ovary ellipsoid, 3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, glabrous; locules 6, uniovulate; styles 3, bilobed, 1 mm. long, glabrous, fleshy and stigmatic on inner face.
    Fruits
    Fruit green to yellow at first, turning red and finally black, glossy, ellipsoid-subglobose to ovoid, 1-1.7 cm. long, 0.8-1.2 cm. wide, glabrous, with calyx slightly accrescent, patelliform with rounded apiculate lobes.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, dark brown, ellipsoid, 1.2 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, 6 mm. thick, with deeply ruminate endosperm.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/6.
    Habitat
    Dry rocky hillsides with lava boulders, in and by seasonal or dry watercourses, Commiphora, Acacia, Combretum, Boscia, etc. scrub to open woodland; annual grassland; 400-1500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 U1

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda

    Diospyros scabra (Chiov.) Cufod. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 39(Suppl.): XXX (1969)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 447 (1994).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 58: 360, fig. 13 (1988).
    • Hepper et al., Annot. Check-list Pl. Mt. Kulal: 73 (1981).
    • Cufod. in Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg.) p. XXX (1969).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0