1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros senensis Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Shrub, or small tree 2–9 m. high with one or many stems; bole sometimes fluted at base; older branchlets and branches with large, sharp–pointed spines.
    Bark
    Bark grey, smooth and peeling to reveal cream underlayer, or rough and blackish (? fire damage).
    Branches
    Branchlets densely grey– or fulvous–pubescent or tomentose with spreading flexuose hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves chartaceous, drying pale grey–green above and grey beneath with conspicuous yellowish nerves and veins; lamina 4 x 2–12 x 5 (16·3 x 9) cm., obovate or narrowly obovate, apex mostly rounded or obtuse, sometimes subacute or very shortly and bluntly subacuminate, base cunate, rarely rounded to subcordate; lower surface pubescent with spreading flexuose hairs; lateral nerves in 5–9 widely spaced pairs; tertiary nerves and veins forming a lax reticulum.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 20; anthers apiculate, glabrous.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode absent.
    Male
    Pistillode absent. Corolla c. 1·3 cm. long, rotate, almost glabrous; tube 0·6–0·7 cm. long; lobes 4, ovate, acute and apiculate. Stamens c. 20; anthers apiculate, glabrous. Calyx 0·4–0·7 cm. long, botuliform, splitting at apex into 2–4 short teeth, densely pubescent. Male flowers at ends of 0·2–0·7 cm. long, very hairy peduncles; bracts usually inconspicuous, 0·25 x 0·1 cm., very rarely foliaceous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary or in 2–3–flowered cymules; peduncle densely hairy, 0·3–0·6 cm. long, upper part slightly swollen and greatly increasing in thickness as fruit develops. Male flowers at ends of 0·2–0·7 cm. long, very hairy peduncles; bracts usually inconspicuous, 0·25 x 0·1 cm., very rarely foliaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·45 cm. long, unlobed, urceolate in flower, becoming cyathiform in fruit, coriaceous and rugose in lower half, membranaceous distally, densely velutinous–tomentose outside especially towards the base, densely hairy within. Calyx 0·4–0·7 cm. long, botuliform, splitting at apex into 2–4 short teeth, densely pubescent.
    Female
    Calyx 0·45 cm. long, unlobed, urceolate in flower, becoming cyathiform in fruit, coriaceous and rugose in lower half, membranaceous distally, densely velutinous–tomentose outside especially towards the base, densely hairy within. Corolla similar to male. Female flowers solitary or in 2–3–flowered cymules; peduncle densely hairy, 0·3–0·6 cm. long, upper part slightly swollen and greatly increasing in thickness as fruit develops. Staminodes absent. Ovary 0·3 x 0·2 cm., glabrous, style 0·2 cm. long, stout, simple, hairy in upper half, obscurely lobed at apex.
    Corolla
    Corolla similar to male. Corolla c. 1·3 cm. long, rotate, almost glabrous; tube 0·6–0·7 cm. long; lobes 4, ovate, acute and apiculate.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes absent.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0·3 x 0·2 cm., glabrous, style 0·2 cm. long, stout, simple, hairy in upper half, obscurely lobed at apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 2·2 x 2 cm., ellipsoid to subglobose, glabrous except at base of persistent style.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8 or fewer.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros senensis Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1953 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8433], Malawi K000350776
    Apr 1, 1953 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8674], Malawi K000350777
    Apr 1, 1953 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8681], Malawi K000350778

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 183 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0