1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros squarrosa Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Small deciduous tree or shrub 2-10 m. tall; bark grey or brown, smooth or with close and shallow longitudinal fissures; young shoots pale ferruginous pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves red when young, drying pale brown with pale yellow nerves above and beneath, obovate, 5.5-12 cm. long, 3-6.5 cm. wide, shortly cuspidate at the apex, cuneate to truncate at the base, subcoriaceous; lower surface densely setulose on the midrib, sparsely so elsewhere; very young leaves ± velvety on both surfaces and mature leaves sometimes entirely glabrous; lateral nerves in 6-9 pairs, prominent beneath; tertiary nerves subscalariform, with the venation closely reticulate, prominent above and more so beneath.
    Male
    Male flowers (1-)3(-7), in lax cymes borne towards the base of the current year’ s shoot in the axils of fallen reduced leaves and the first-formed foliage leaves; peduncle ± 6 mm. long; pedicels 1-3 mm. long, fulvous-tomentellous; calyx 2.5 mm. long, strigulose-tomentellous outside, glabrous inside, 4-lobed to ± the middle, the lobes ± round; corolla subrotate, 7 mm. long, strigulose on mid-petaline lines but otherwise glabrous; corolla-tube 1.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes 4, ovate-ligulate; stamens 24-28, 4-5 mm. long; filaments 1-1.5 mm. long, glabrous, inserted singly or in pairs on the corolla-tube; anthers linear-lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous or strigulose; rudimentary ovary 1 mm. long and wide, sparsely setulose.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary, borne as in male; pedicel 4 mm. long; calyx 6 mm. long, more deeply lobed than in male, the lobes markedly inbricate; corolla greenish, 7-8.5 mm. long; staminodes 4, inserted on the corolla-tube and alternating with the lobes, 2 mm. long, glabrous save for a single apical seta; ovary subglobose, 2.5 mm. long and wide, with 8 or 10 uniovulate locules; styles 4(-5), as long as the ovary, ascending, expanding towards apex, fleshy and stigmatic on inner surface. Male flowers (1-)3(-7), in lax cymes borne towards the base of the current year’ s shoot in the axils of fallen reduced leaves and the first-formed foliage leaves; peduncle ± 6 mm. long; pedicels 1-3 mm. long, fulvous-tomentellous; calyx 2.5 mm. long, strigulose-tomentellous outside, glabrous inside, 4-lobed to ± the middle, the lobes ± round; corolla subrotate, 7 mm. long, strigulose on mid-petaline lines but otherwise glabrous; corolla-tube 1.5 mm. long; corolla-lobes 4, ovate-ligulate; stamens 24-28, 4-5 mm. long; filaments 1-1.5 mm. long, glabrous, inserted singly or in pairs on the corolla-tube; anthers linear-lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous or strigulose; rudimentary ovary 1 mm. long and wide, sparsely setulose.
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, borne as in male; pedicel 4 mm. long; calyx 6 mm. long, more deeply lobed than in male, the lobes markedly inbricate; corolla greenish, 7-8.5 mm. long; staminodes 4, inserted on the corolla-tube and alternating with the lobes, 2 mm. long, glabrous save for a single apical seta; ovary subglobose, 2.5 mm. long and wide, with 8 or 10 uniovulate locules; styles 4(-5), as long as the ovary, ascending, expanding towards apex, fleshy and stigmatic on inner surface.
    Fruits
    Fruit dark yellow, subglobose, ± 2 cm. diameter, glabrous, with calyx slightly accrescent ± 1.2 cm. long, the lobes 8 mm. long, 6 mm. wide, reflexed, with conspicuous ± flabellate longitudinal veins.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8-10 or sometimes fewer by abortion, often only 1 developing, dark brown, segmentoid, 1.2 cm. long, 6 mm. wide, 5 mm. thick, with wrinkled surface; endosperm ruminate.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/7; fig. 5/1-2.
    Habitat
    Commiphora-Cordyla, Combretum, Acacia-Commiphora-Adansonia, etc. woodland and bushland on stony slopes and hillsides, also lowland forest and thicket on old coral reef; 0-1350 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T5 T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Small deciduous tree 3–9 m. high, sometimes flowering as a shrub c. 2 m. high.
    Bark
    Bark grey or brown, with close and shallow longitudinal fissures.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous, drying pale brown with pale yellow nerves above and beneath; lamina 5·5 x 3–11 x 6·5 cm., obovate; apex shortly cuspidate; lower surface densely setulose on midrib, sparsely so elsewhere; secondary nerves in 6–9 pairs, prominent beneath, tertiary nerves subscalariform, venation closely reticulate, slightly prominent above, more so beneath.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·25 cm. long, strigulose–tomentellous outside, glabrous inside, 4–lobed to about the middle; lobes suborbicular. Calyx as in male but 0·6 cm. long and more deeply–lobed; lobes markedly imbricate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 24–28, 0·4–0·5 cm. long; filaments 0·1–0·15 cm. long, glabrous, inserted singly or in pairs on corolla–tube; anthers linear–lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous or strigulose.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode 0·1 x 0·1 cm., sparsely setulose.
    Male
    Pistillode 0·1 x 0·1 cm., sparsely setulose. Corolla 0·7 cm. long, subrotate, strigulose on mid–petaline lines, otherwise glabrous; tube 0·15 cm. long; lobes 4, ovate–lingulate. Stamens 24–28, 0·4–0·5 cm. long; filaments 0·1–0·15 cm. long, glabrous, inserted singly or in pairs on corolla–tube; anthers linear–lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous or strigulose. Male flowers in (1) 3(7)–flowered lax cymules borne towards the base of the current year’s shoot in the axils of caducous reduced leaves and the first–formed foliage leaves; peduncle c. 0·6 cm. long; pedicels 0·1–0·3 cm. long, fulvous–tomentellous. Calyx 0·25 cm. long, strigulose–tomentellous outside, glabrous inside, 4–lobed to about the middle; lobes suborbicular.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary, borne as in male; pedicel 0·4 cm. long. Male flowers in (1) 3(7)–flowered lax cymules borne towards the base of the current year’s shoot in the axils of caducous reduced leaves and the first–formed foliage leaves; peduncle c. 0·6 cm. long; pedicels 0·1–0·3 cm. long, fulvous–tomentellous.
    Corolla
    Corolla as in male but 0·7–0·85 cm. long. Corolla 0·7 cm. long, subrotate, strigulose on mid–petaline lines, otherwise glabrous; tube 0·15 cm. long; lobes 4, ovate–lingulate.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 4, inserted on corolla–tube and alternating with the lobes, 0·2 cm. long, completely glabrous except for a single apical seta.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0·25 x 0·25 cm., subglobose; locules 8 or 10, uniovulate; styles 4(5), as long as ovary, ascending, expanded distally, fleshy and stigmatic on inner surface.
    Female
    Ovary 0·25 x 0·25 cm., subglobose; locules 8 or 10, uniovulate; styles 4(5), as long as ovary, ascending, expanded distally, fleshy and stigmatic on inner surface. Corolla as in male but 0·7–0·85 cm. long. Staminodes 4, inserted on corolla–tube and alternating with the lobes, 0·2 cm. long, completely glabrous except for a single apical seta. Female flowers solitary, borne as in male; pedicel 0·4 cm. long. Calyx as in male but 0·6 cm. long and more deeply–lobed; lobes markedly imbricate.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8 or 10 or fewer by abortion, dark brown, 1·2 x 0·6 x 0·5 cm., surface wrinkled, endosperm ruminate.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx slightly accrescent, c. 1·2 cm. long, lobes 0·8 x 0·6 cm., reflexed, with conspicuous, ± flabellate, longitudinal veins. Fruit c. 2 x 2 cm., subglobose, glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros squarrosa Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000350767 neotype
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000350768

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 184 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 447 (1994).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 58: 366 (1988).
    • F. White in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Ebenaceae: 33, t. 4N-O (1987)
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 260, t. 58A (1983)
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 31 (1980).
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Southern Afr.: 752 (1977).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 332, t. 59F (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 175 (1961).
    • Sim, For. Fl. Port. E. Afr.: 83 (1909).
    • Hiern in Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12: 190 (1873).
    • Klotzsch in Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 1: 184 (1861).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0