1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros truncatifolia Caveney

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 3–8 m. high.
    Bark
    Bark rough.
    Branches
    Branchlets spreading–pubescent with dense, short, setose hairs and longer, fulvous, pilose hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves chartaceous, drying dull brown or grey–green; lamina sub–obdeltate, gradually tapered from near the apex to the slightly cordade base, apex both cuspidate, and truncate or emarginate; margin ciliate: lower surface velutinous–tomentose; secondary nerves in 5–6 pairs, prominent below.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·4 cm. long; lobes tomentellous on both surfaces, debate or ovate–acuminate, the margins reduplicate.
    Corolla
    Corolla 0·4–0·5 cm. long, lobed almost to the base; lobes subacute, glabrous.
    Disc
    Disk fimbriate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, 0·25–0·3 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous; anthers 0·2–0·25 cm. long, lanceolate, densely sericeous–pubescent.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode 0·1 cm. long, conoidal, minutely tomentellous; locules 8; stylodes 4, glabrous.
    Male
    Pistillode 0·1 cm. long, conoidal, minutely tomentellous; locules 8; stylodes 4, glabrous. Disk fimbriate. Stamens 8, 0·25–0·3 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous; anthers 0·2–0·25 cm. long, lanceolate, densely sericeous–pubescent. Calyx 0·4 cm. long; lobes tomentellous on both surfaces, debate or ovate–acuminate, the margins reduplicate. Corolla 0·4–0·5 cm. long, lobed almost to the base; lobes subacute, glabrous. Male flowers usually in 3–flowered axillary cymes, tetramerous; peduncle up to 1–5 cm. long; pedicels up to 0·8 cm. long; bracts c. 0·9 x 0·3 cm., foliaceous, opposite, lanceolate, abruptly acuminate; indumentum of inflorescence consisting of long spreading, short setose, and reddish glandular hairs.
    Flowers
    Female flowers unknown. Male flowers usually in 3–flowered axillary cymes, tetramerous; peduncle up to 1–5 cm. long; pedicels up to 0·8 cm. long; bracts c. 0·9 x 0·3 cm., foliaceous, opposite, lanceolate, abruptly acuminate; indumentum of inflorescence consisting of long spreading, short setose, and reddish glandular hairs.
    Female
    Female flowers unknown.
    Seeds
    Seeds up to 8, 1·1–1·7 cm. long, reddish–brown; testa smooth or minutely pitted; endosperm smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx accrescent, completely concealing the fruit; lobes 2 x 1·5–4·1 x 2·2 cm., ovate, acute or acuminate, velutinous–tomentose. Fruit 2–2·8 cm. in diameter, globose, fulvous–velutinous.
    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 3-8 m. tall, with rough bark; branchlets spreading setose-pubescent with dense short hairs and pilose with longer fulvous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves drying dull brown or grey-green, ± obtriangular-oblong, 3-10.5 cm. long, 1.5-5 cm. wide, truncate or emarginate at the apex but usually also shortly cuspidate, gradually tapered from near the apex to the slightly cordate base, rather sparsely pilose and pubescent, later glabrous above, velvety-tomentose beneath, ciliate; secondary nerves in 5-6 pairs, prominent beneath; petiole up to 9 mm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers 4-merous in usually 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle up to 1.5 cm. long; pedicels up to 8 mm. long; bracts leafy, opposite, lanceolate, 9 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, abruptly acuminate; inflorescence-axes, etc. with a mixture of long spreading hairs, short setae and reddish glandular hairs; calyx 4 mm. long; calyx-lobes triangular or ovate-acuminate, tomentellous on both surfaces, the margins reduplicate; corolla cream, 4-5 mm. long, lobed almost to the base, the lobes glabrous, subacute; disc fimbriate; stamens 8, 2.5-3 mm. long, the filaments very short, glabrous; anthers lanceolate, 2-2.5 mm. long, densely sericeous pubescent; rudimentary ovary conical, 1 mm. long, minutely tomentellous, with 8 locules; styles 4, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers unknown. Male flowers 4-merous in usually 3-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle up to 1.5 cm. long; pedicels up to 8 mm. long; bracts leafy, opposite, lanceolate, 9 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, abruptly acuminate; inflorescence-axes, etc. with a mixture of long spreading hairs, short setae and reddish glandular hairs; calyx 4 mm. long; calyx-lobes triangular or ovate-acuminate, tomentellous on both surfaces, the margins reduplicate; corolla cream, 4-5 mm. long, lobed almost to the base, the lobes glabrous, subacute; disc fimbriate; stamens 8, 2.5-3 mm. long, the filaments very short, glabrous; anthers lanceolate, 2-2.5 mm. long, densely sericeous pubescent; rudimentary ovary conical, 1 mm. long, minutely tomentellous, with 8 locules; styles 4, glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers unknown.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow-green, globose, 1.5-2.8 cm. diameter, fulvous-velvety; calyx accrescent completely concealing the fruit, the lobes ovate, 2-4.1 cm. long, 1.5-2.2 cm. wide, acute or acuminate, velvety tomentose.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/11; fig. 6/1-2.
    Habitat
    “ In rocky places and on termite mounds, otherwise ecology unknown” ( fide F.Z.). Flat granite rocks in hill country; ± 900 m. ( fide Richards)
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Diospyros truncatifolia Caveney appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1980 de Figueiredo, A. [4099], Mozambique K000350773 holotype

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 50: 395 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 265, t. 59A (1983).
    • Caveney in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 50: 395 (1980).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0