1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros villosa (L.) De Winter

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Erect or scandent shrub 1–4 m high (elsewhere sometimes much taller) or a rhizomatous suffrutex c. 0·5 m. high.
    Leaves
    Leaves chartaceous, drying dull brown above, much paler beneath; lamina 3 x 1·5–6·5 x 3·5 cm., obovate–oblong, apex usually broadly rounded and slightly emarginate, sometimes obtuse, base usually cordate to rounded; margin slightly revolute, lateral nerves in c. 5 pairs, together with the reticulate tertiary nerves and veins deeply impressed above and prominent beneath; lower surface sparsely to densely pubescent with long, slender, appressed or spreading hairs, rarely tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 0·7 cm. long, cleft almost to the base; lobes ovate–lanceolate, fulvous–tomentose, the margins often reduplicate.
    Corolla
    Corolla up to 1·2 cm. long, deeply divided; lobes oblong, reflexed, broadly acute at apex, tomentose outside except at the base and where overlapped in bud.
    Disc
    Disk indistinct.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10,0·35–0·4 cm. long; filaments up to 0·05 cm. long, glabrous; anthers up to 0·35 cm. long, lanceolate, densely strigose–setose.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode conoidal, fulvous–tomentose; locules 10; common style short, stout, densely puberulous, the 5 branches long and glabrous distally.
    Male
    Pistillode conoidal, fulvous–tomentose; locules 10; common style short, stout, densely puberulous, the 5 branches long and glabrous distally. Disk indistinct. Stamens 10,0·35–0·4 cm. long; filaments up to 0·05 cm. long, glabrous; anthers up to 0·35 cm. long, lanceolate, densely strigose–setose. Calyx up to 0·7 cm. long, cleft almost to the base; lobes ovate–lanceolate, fulvous–tomentose, the margins often reduplicate. Corolla up to 1·2 cm. long, deeply divided; lobes oblong, reflexed, broadly acute at apex, tomentose outside except at the base and where overlapped in bud. Male flowers solitary or in 2–3 flowered cymes, axillary, pentamerous; peduncle up to 1·5 cm. long; pedicel (including peduncle of solitary flowers) 0·5–2 cm. long; bracts 2, 0·4–0·8 cm. long, ovate to linear–oblanceolate, subopposite.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to the male but slightly smaller. Male flowers solitary or in 2–3 flowered cymes, axillary, pentamerous; peduncle up to 1·5 cm. long; pedicel (including peduncle of solitary flowers) 0·5–2 cm. long; bracts 2, 0·4–0·8 cm. long, ovate to linear–oblanceolate, subopposite.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 10, 0·2 cm. long; filaments glabrous; antherodes densely strigose.
    Female
    Staminodes 10, 0·2 cm. long; filaments glabrous; antherodes densely strigose. Ovary 0·3 cm. long, ovoid–conoidal, 5·angled, densely strigose–tomentose, especially on the angles; locules 10, style short, densely pubescent, the 5 branches glabrous distally. Female flowers similar to the male but slightly smaller.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0·3 cm. long, ovoid–conoidal, 5·angled, densely strigose–tomentose, especially on the angles; locules 10, style short, densely pubescent, the 5 branches glabrous distally.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 3 x 3·8 cm., depressed–globose, tardily dehiscent, densely hispid–tomentose with long, deciduous bristles. Fruiting calyx strongly accrescent, closely surrounding but not completely concealing the fruit except when young; lobes up to 3 x 2 cm., ovate, densely puberulous, with prominent longitudinal nerves.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–8, up to 1·5 cm. long, dull brown, endosperm smooth.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number: 2n = 30.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Mozambique, Northern Provinces

    Diospyros villosa (L.) De Winter appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 7: 458 (1961)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0