1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros whyteana (Hiern) F.White

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or tree 1.2-13 m. tall; bark sepia, rough, shallowly vertically fissured with yellow slash darkening to deep yellow; young shoots red, densely hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves drying pale reddish brown and ± shiny above, lanceolate, lanceolate-elliptic or elliptic, 2-8 cm. long, 1-3 cm. wide, tapering acute to subacuminate, rounded to cordate at the base, glossy and glabrous to adpressed pilose above, sparsely pilose with long hairs beneath, particularly on the midrib; margins fringed with long hairs; lateral nerves in ± 6 pairs, the venation indistinct but darker than the lamina beneath.
    Male
    Male flowers 5-6(-7)-merous, solitary, axillary; pedicels 0.5-2 cm. long; bracts 2, leafy, separated, ovate-lanceolate, 6 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide; inflorescence indumentum of unicellular hairs and shorter multicellular glandular hairs; calyx urceolate, 3.5-7.5 mm. long, shortly toothed, with adpressed to spreading hairs; corolla white or pale orange, sometimes tinged pink, campanulate, 0.5-1.2 cm. long, 5-6-lobed to ± the middle, minutely puberulous; disk fimbriate; stamens 10, all fertile or some replaced by staminodes, 4-5 mm. long; filaments 0.5-1 mm. long, glabrous; anthers lanceolate, 3-4.5 mm. long, setulose on the distal half of the connective, otherwise glabrous; rudimentary ovary conical, tomentellous, with 4-6 locules; styles 2-3, hairy on the united basal half.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to the male; staminodes 6-10, 1.2 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely setulose at the apex; ovary conical, 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, with 4-6 locules; styles 2-3. Male flowers 5-6(-7)-merous, solitary, axillary; pedicels 0.5-2 cm. long; bracts 2, leafy, separated, ovate-lanceolate, 6 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide; inflorescence indumentum of unicellular hairs and shorter multicellular glandular hairs; calyx urceolate, 3.5-7.5 mm. long, shortly toothed, with adpressed to spreading hairs; corolla white or pale orange, sometimes tinged pink, campanulate, 0.5-1.2 cm. long, 5-6-lobed to ± the middle, minutely puberulous; disk fimbriate; stamens 10, all fertile or some replaced by staminodes, 4-5 mm. long; filaments 0.5-1 mm. long, glabrous; anthers lanceolate, 3-4.5 mm. long, setulose on the distal half of the connective, otherwise glabrous; rudimentary ovary conical, tomentellous, with 4-6 locules; styles 2-3, hairy on the united basal half.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to the male; staminodes 6-10, 1.2 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely setulose at the apex; ovary conical, 2 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, with 4-6 locules; styles 2-3.
    Fruits
    Fruit red, subglobose, up to 2 cm. diameter, glabrescent, the calyx green flushed red, accrescent, papery, inflated, bladder-like, 6-7-grooved, completely concealing the fruit.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 or fewer, chestnut, oblong-subtrigonous, 7-10 mm. long, 5-6 mm. wide, with smooth endosperm.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/15; fig. 6/7-9.
    Habitat
    Edges of moist upland forest, with Hagenia, Newtonia, Cephalosphaera, etc., fringing forest by streams and rivers; (1350-)1500-2300 m.
    Distribution
    Zimbabwe south to South Africa (Cape Province) T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or tree up to 13 m. high.
    Leaves
    Leaves subcoriaceous, drying pale reddish–brown; lamina 3 x 1·4–8 x 3 cm., lanceolate, lanceolate–elliptic or elliptic; apex broadly acute to subacuminate; base rounded to cordate; margin fringed with long hyaline hairs; lower surface sparsely hairy with long, weak, appressed hairs; lateral nerves in c. 6 pairs, venation on lower surface indistinct, but darker than the lamina.
    Flowers
    Male flowers solitary, axillary, pentamerous (rarely hexamerous); pedicel 0·5–2 cm. long; bracts 2, foliaceous, c. 0·6 x 0·25 cm., separated by an internode, ovate–lanceolate; indumentum of unicellular hairs and shorter, multicellular, glandular hairs. Female flowers similar to male.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·35–0·75 cm– long, urceolate, shortly toothed, indumentum appressed to spreading.
    Corolla
    Corolla 0·5–1·2 cm. long, campanulate, minutely puberulous, lobed to about the middle.
    Male
    Corolla 0·5–1·2 cm. long, campanulate, minutely puberulous, lobed to about the middle. Disk fimbriate. Male flowers solitary, axillary, pentamerous (rarely hexamerous); pedicel 0·5–2 cm. long; bracts 2, foliaceous, c. 0·6 x 0·25 cm., separated by an internode, ovate–lanceolate; indumentum of unicellular hairs and shorter, multicellular, glandular hairs. Calyx 0·35–0·75 cm– long, urceolate, shortly toothed, indumentum appressed to spreading. Stamens 10, all fertile or some replaced by staminodes, 0·4–0·5 cm. long; filaments 0·5–0·1 cm. long, glabrous, anthers 0·3–0·45 cm. long, lanceolate, setulose on the distal half of the connective, otherwise glabrous. Pistillode conoidal, tomentellous; locules 4 or 6; styles 2–3, hairy in the united lower half.
    Disc
    Disk fimbriate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, all fertile or some replaced by staminodes, 0·4–0·5 cm. long; filaments 0·5–0·1 cm. long, glabrous, anthers 0·3–0·45 cm. long, lanceolate, setulose on the distal half of the connective, otherwise glabrous.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode conoidal, tomentellous; locules 4 or 6; styles 2–3, hairy in the united lower half.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to male. Staminodes 6–10, 0·12 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely setulose at apex. Ovary 0–2 x 0·15 cm., conoidal; locules 4 or 6; styles 2 or 3.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 6–10, 0·12 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely setulose at apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0–2 x 0·15 cm., conoidal; locules 4 or 6; styles 2 or 3.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 or fewer, 0·7 cm. long; endosperm smooth.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx accrescent, papery, inflated, bladder–like, completely concealing the fruit. Fruit subglobose, up to 2 cm. diameter, glabrescent.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number: 2n = 30.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Diospyros whyteana (Hiern) F.White appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1961 Wilms, F. [943], South Africa K000350826
    Apr 1, 1961 Legat, C.E. [4928], South Africa K000350825
    Patel, H. [7244], Mozambique K000545205
    Patel, H. [7286], Mozambique K000545237
    Timberlake, J. [5260], Mozambique K000613989
    Timberlake, J. [5268], Mozambique K000613997
    Timberlake, J. [5482], Mozambique K000614459
    Timberlake, J. [6022], Malawi K000614765
    Mphamba [101], Mozambique K000614310

    First published in Bothalia 7: 458 (1961)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 269, t. 59D (1983).
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Southern Afr.: 753, t. 247 (1977).
    • Palmer & Pitman, Trees Southern Afr. 3: 1800, t. & photo. (1973).
    • F. White in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 10: 94, fig. 3 (1971).
    • De Winter in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 69 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 326, t. 58D-E (1962)
    • F. White in Bothalia 7: 458 (1961)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0