1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Genus: Diospyros L.
      1. Diospyros zombensis (B.L.Burtt) F.White

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or tree 2–15 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves chartaceous, usually drying dull, dark reddish–brown above, paler beneath, more rarely blackish–green; lamina 5·6 x 3·3–13·7 x 8·3 cm., obovate, apex shortly acuminate, base rounded to subcordate; margin.pilose; lower surface sparsely to densely setulose, especially along the nerves, and also usually with scattered small glandular hairs; lateral nerves in c. 7 pairs, prominent beneath, tertiary nerves and veins closely reticulate, not prominent but on lower surface darker than the lamina.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·25–0·4 cm. long; lobes debate, strigulose–and glandular –puberulous outside, tomentellous inside.
    Corolla
    Corolla up to 0·6 cm. long, lobed almost to the base; lobes obtuse, spreading or reflexed; glabrous or with a few mid–petaline downwardly directed hairs and scattered small glandular hairs outside.
    Disc
    Disk thin, fimbriate.–Stamens 10, 0·3 cm. long; filaments 0·05 cm. long, glabrous; anthers 0·25 cm. long, lanceolate, densely strigose.
    Male
    Disk thin, fimbriate.–Stamens 10, 0·3 cm. long; filaments 0·05 cm. long, glabrous; anthers 0·25 cm. long, lanceolate, densely strigose. Pistillode conoidal, tomentellous; locules 8 or 10; stylodes 4–5, mostly glabrous. Male flowers usually in 2–5–flowered axillary cymes, pentamerous; peduncle up to 1 cm. long; pedicels up to 1–8 cm. long; bracts 0·3–0·5 cm. long, opposite, linear, puberulous with setulose and glandular hairs. Calyx 0·25–0·4 cm. long; lobes debate, strigulose–and glandular –puberulous outside, tomentellous inside. Corolla up to 0·6 cm. long, lobed almost to the base; lobes obtuse, spreading or reflexed; glabrous or with a few mid–petaline downwardly directed hairs and scattered small glandular hairs outside.
    Pistillodes
    Pistillode conoidal, tomentellous; locules 8 or 10; stylodes 4–5, mostly glabrous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to male. Male flowers usually in 2–5–flowered axillary cymes, pentamerous; peduncle up to 1 cm. long; pedicels up to 1–8 cm. long; bracts 0·3–0·5 cm. long, opposite, linear, puberulous with setulose and glandular hairs.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 10, 0·15 cm. long; antherodes densely hairy.
    Ovary
    Ovary 0·2 x 0·2 cm., conoidal, tomentellous; locules 8 or 10; styles 4–5, glabrous, united only at the base.
    Female
    Ovary 0·2 x 0·2 cm., conoidal, tomentellous; locules 8 or 10; styles 4–5, glabrous, united only at the base. Female flowers similar to male. Staminodes 10, 0·15 cm. long; antherodes densely hairy.
    Seeds
    Seeds 10 or fewer, 1–1·4 cm. long, reddish–brown, shining; testa deeply and reticulately grooved; endosperm deeply ruminate.
    Fruits
    Fruiting calyx accrescent; lobes 1·2–1·8 cm. long, lanceolate, acute, reflexed. Fruit subglobose, 2–3 cm. in diameter, setulose.
    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Evergreen shrub or tree 2-15(-18) m. tall, with thick canopy and dark brown-black finely reticulate bark; branchlets densely shortly setulose-pubescent and often with longer brownish hairs on young shoots.
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes slightly bullate, usually drying dull dark reddish brown above, paler beneath, less often blackish green, sometimes red and yellow variegated in life, obovate, oblong or rounded oblong, (2.3-)5.6-13.7 cm. long, (1.1-)3.3-8.5 cm. wide, shortly acuminate at the apex, rounded to subcordate at the base, glabrous above, sparsely to densely setulose-pubescent, especially along the nerves beneath and margin hairy but often ultimately ± glabrous everywhere; midrib and petiole sometimes red in life; lateral nerves in ± 7 pairs, prominent beneath, the venation closely reticulate darker than the lower surface but not raised; petiole up to 1 cm. long.
    Male
    Male flowers 5-merous in usually 2-5-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle up to 1 cm. long; pedicels up to 1.8 cm. long; bracts opposite, linear, 3-5 mm. long, puberulous with seta-like hairs and glandular hairs; calyx 2.5-4 mm. long; calyx-lobes triangular to lanceolate, strigulose- and glandular-puberulous outside, tomentellous inside; corolla white or greenish cream, up to 6 mm. long, lobed almost to the base; corolla-lobes obtuse, spreading or reflexed, glabrous or with a few downwardly directed hairs on mid-petaline areas and scattered small glandular hairs outside; disk thin, fimbriate; stamens 10, cream, 3 mm. long with filaments 0.5 mm. long, glabrous; anthers lanceolate, 2.5 mm. long, densely strigose; rudimentary ovary conical, tomentellous, with 8-10 locules; styles 4-5, mostly glabrous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers similar to male, 4-5-merous; staminodes 10, 1.5 mm. long; antherodes densely hairy; ovary conical, 2 mm. long and wide, tomentellous, with 8-10 locules; styles 4-5, united only at the base, glabrous. Male flowers 5-merous in usually 2-5-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle up to 1 cm. long; pedicels up to 1.8 cm. long; bracts opposite, linear, 3-5 mm. long, puberulous with seta-like hairs and glandular hairs; calyx 2.5-4 mm. long; calyx-lobes triangular to lanceolate, strigulose- and glandular-puberulous outside, tomentellous inside; corolla white or greenish cream, up to 6 mm. long, lobed almost to the base; corolla-lobes obtuse, spreading or reflexed, glabrous or with a few downwardly directed hairs on mid-petaline areas and scattered small glandular hairs outside; disk thin, fimbriate; stamens 10, cream, 3 mm. long with filaments 0.5 mm. long, glabrous; anthers lanceolate, 2.5 mm. long, densely strigose; rudimentary ovary conical, tomentellous, with 8-10 locules; styles 4-5, mostly glabrous.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to male, 4-5-merous; staminodes 10, 1.5 mm. long; antherodes densely hairy; ovary conical, 2 mm. long and wide, tomentellous, with 8-10 locules; styles 4-5, united only at the base, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow, depressed-subglobose, 2-3.3 cm. in diameter, ± densely shortly pubescent; accrescent calyx-lobes lanceolate, 1.2-1.8 cm. long, acute, reflexed.
    Seeds
    Seeds 10 or fewer, reddish brown, oblong-ellipsoid, 1-1.6 cm. long, 7-9 mm. wide, shining; testa deeply and reticulately grooved; endosperm deeply ruminate.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/13; fig. 6/5-6.
    Habitat
    Steep rocky slopes with Euphorbia, Terminalia, Combretum, Acacia, streamside and riverine fringing forest with Ficus etc., valley bottoms with scattered trees, also grassland with scattered trees and Brachystegia woodland; 500-1500 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T5 T6 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia

    Diospyros zombensis (B.L.Burtt) F.White appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1971 Burtt, B.D. [5011], Tanzania K000350746 holotype
    Sep 1, 1971 Burtt, B.D. [5011], Tanzania K000350747 isotype
    Sep 1, 1971 Burtt, B.D. [5011], Tanzania K000350748 isotype
    Sep 1, 1971 Burtt, B.D. [5011], Tanzania K000350749 isotype
    Sep 1, 1971 Purves, J.W. [260], Malawi K000350774 Unknown type material
    Robson, N.K.B. [1747], Zambia 7023.000
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614789
    Drummond, R.B. [3008], Tanzania Royena amnicola 14616.000

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 33: 366 (1963)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 268, t. 59C (1983).
    • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 33: 366 (1963)
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 331 (1962), nom. invalid,

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0