1. Family: Cactaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Opuntia Mill.
      1. Opuntia monacantha (Willd.) Haw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil to Uruguay.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Ascension, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Fiji, Florida, France, Galápagos, Georgia, Italy, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Malaya, Mauritius, Mississippi, Myanmar, Northern Provinces, Portugal, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Opuntia monacantha (Willd.) Haw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    India K000275281
    K000101024
    K000101026
    K000101027
    K000101028
    Greenway [4862], Tanzania K000100526
    Greenway [5400], Tanzania K000100527
    Batty [323], Tanzania K000100528
    Stevenson [0], India K000275279
    Stevenson [0], India K000275278
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13961], Thailand K000275287
    Castellanos [23151], Rio de Janeiro K000275200
    Anderson [0], India K000275282
    Verdcourt [2623], Kenya K000100522
    Hatschbach [61450], Paraná K000100158
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [14867], Brazil K000275201
    Tweedie [1237], Kenya K000100523
    Matthew [RHT23866] K000275275
    Hunt [6363], Santa Catarina K000275203
    Collenette, J.S. [6843], Saudi Arabia K000543542
    Tanner [1148], Tanzania K000100525
    Marloth [2003], South Africa K000100565
    Zappi, D.C. [CFCR11823], Minas Gerais K000275199
    Alston [2003], Sri Lanka K000275286
    Bally [0], Kenya K000100567
    Baron, R. [6027], Madagascar K000100544
    Gamble [21279], India K000275277
    Wight [964], India K000275280
    Merrill [1567], Philippines K000275289
    Hildebrandt [3833], Madagascar K000100545
    Mogg [27768] K000100537
    Johnston [0], Mauritius K000100546
    Jeffrey [787], Seychelles K000100547
    Angeli [69], Rio de Janeiro K000275202
    Swingle [0], California K000101025
    Lushington et al [0], India K000275276
    Gandoger [0], Tunisia K000100484
    du Toit [23033], South Africa K000100566
    Weerasooriya [130], Sri Lanka K000275284
    Weerasooriya [130], Sri Lanka K000275285
    Smith, A. P. [3597], Botswana K000100538
    Lucas et al [268], Kenya K000100524
    Clemens, S. M. [29701], Borneo K000275288
    Gould [807], Bhutan K000275283
    Vaughan [1361], Tanzania K000100530
    Bowrin [9242], Hong Kong K000100494
    Kirika [515], Kenya K000100521
    Eiten, G. et al [6010B], Brazil K000275204
    Toms [236], Tanzania K000100529
    Andoh [4181], Sierra Leone K000100511
    Klerck [1075], South Africa K000100564
    Gbile [62873], Nigeria K000100512

    First published in Suppl. Pl. Succ.: 81 (1819)

    Accepted by

    • Xie, W.Y. & al. (2019). Additional notes on Seed Plant in Zhejiang province Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College 39: 87-90.
    • Verloove, F. & al. (2017). New records of naturalised and invasive cacti (Cactaceae) from Gran Canaria and Tenerife, Canary islands, Spain Bradleya. Yearbook of the British Cactus and Succulent Society 35: 58-79.
    • Vázquez Pardo, F.M. & García Alonso, D. (2017). Aproximación al conocimiento del grupo Opuntia Mill. (s.l.) (Cactaceae) en Extremadura (España) Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 11: 51-75.
    • Soller, A., Soffiatti, P., Calvente, A. & Goldenberg, R. (2014). Cactaceae no estado do Paraná, Brasil Rodriguésia 65: 201-219.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1999). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 13: 1-284. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Not accepted by

    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris. [Cited as Opuntia vulgaris.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Xie, W.Y. & al. (2019). Additional notes on Seed Plant in Zhejiang province Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College 39: 87-90.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Tashev, A. (2012). Characteristics of the Opuntia humifusa (Cactaceae) locality in the Harmanli district, South Bulgaria Phytologia Balcanica 18: 11-16.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1999). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 13: 1-284. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0