1. Family: Portulacaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Portulaca L.
      1. Portulaca oleracea L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to Arabian Peninsula and Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Prostrate, much-branched, succulent annual forming a spreading mat, or infrequently ascending, stems and leaves green or flushed red.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subopposite on the branchlets, narrowly obovate to spatulate, 5–30 mm long, 3–10 mm wide, apex rounded, cuneate to a petiole 1–3 mm long; axillary hairs 0.6–1 mm long, inconspicuous, old stems glabrescent.
    Inflorescences
    Flowers in sessile clusters of 3–8 at the branch tips, encircled by several involucral leaves enclosing ovate-cuspidate scales, frequently overtopped by subsequent growth from the axils of the lower two involucral leaves, the flower-cluster thus seated in a fork, flowers opening in the morning.
    Flowers
    Sepals (2.5–)3–4.5(–5.5) mm long, crested and winged along the midline upwards; petals 5, yellow (very rarely pale pink), 3–8 mm long, emarginate to bilobed; stamens 7–12; stigma 3–6-branched.
    Fruits
    Capsule dehiscing just below the middle, lid conical, chartaceous, constricted 2/3 up, the apical portion thinner, nipple-like and retaining 1 or more seeds above the constriction; seeds orbicular-reniform, 0.65–1 mm long, black, testa cells stellate, often also tuberculate and/or papillose.
    Habitat
    Open places in short grassland and bushland, and a weed of cultivations and disturbed places, especially on sandy soils; 0–2350 m
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 a cosmopolitan weed of warm climates
    [FZ]

    Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual glabrous rather fleshy herb with numerous spreading or prostrate branches up to 30 cm. long and up to 5 mm. in diam.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate and often somewhat crowded towards the ends of the branches, sessile or shortly stalked, up to 3·0 × 1·2 cm., obovate-spathulate, apex rounded or truncate; stipular hairs very few, inconspicuous, caducous, c. 1 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers terminal, solitary or up to 5, surrounded by a cluster of subverticillate leaves; bracts membranous, c. 3 mm. long, ovate-acuminate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2–4 mm. long, united below into a tube c. 2 mm. long, free portions fleshy, oblong-ovate, keeled or slightly winged.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 4–8 mm. long, united at the base, obovate-oblong to obovate, sometimes emarginate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 7–12.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style short, with 3–6 subulate lobes.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid to ovoid, enveloped in the marcescent corolla, transversely dehiscent across the middle.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, c. 0·5 mm. in diam., dull black, reniform, bluntly verrucose-granulate.
    [FWTA]

    Portulacaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Common annual ruderal, with spreading or prostrate succulent branches
    Flowers
    Flowers bright yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Angola, Ascension, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kriti, Liberia, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, St.Helena, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Malawi, Maldives, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Namibia, Nauru, Nebraska, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Phoenix Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tennessee, Texas, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Common purslane, Pigweed, Purslain, Purslane, Pusky, Pusley, Wild purslane

    Portulaca oleracea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Sep 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9643], Cameroon K000008459
    Aug 1, 1891 Coppinger. [128] K000313628
    Sep 4, 1889 Coppinger. [s.n.] K000313629 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9745], Tanzania 39774.000
    Faulkner, H. [2637], Tanzania 39367.000
    Archbold, M.E. [440], Tanzania 39673.000
    Faulkner [1378], Tanzania 39375.000
    Collenette, J.S. [9184], Saudi Arabia 57997.000
    Wright, C. [2501], Cuba K001035642
    Godman, F.D. [s.n.] K001134142
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6841], Nepal K001124958
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 532], Great Britain K000914065
    Brunt, M.A. [440], Cameroon K000106383
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841] K001124956
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841] K001124957
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841], India K001124959
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841] K001124960
    Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001134141
    Marde [1981], Jamaica K001035643

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 445 (1753)

    Accepted by

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [E] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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