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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Indo-China.
Gisekia pharnacioides

[FTEA]

Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

Morphology General Habit
A semi-succulent glabrous herb, often with a pink tinge in the stems and leaves.
Morphology Stem
Stems trailing, decumbent, or prostrate, 2–70 cm. or more in length.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly opposite, sessile or obscurely petiolate; blade linear through linear-oblanceolate and oblanceolate-spathulate to elliptic, entire, 5–60 mm. long, 1–19 mm. broad, the apex rounded, obtuse or subacute, often obscurely apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences sessile or pedunculate, umbelliform, congested to very lax, 3–40-flowered; peduncles usually simple, sometimes cymosely branched, up to 55 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, greenish or greenish-white, often with a pink, mauve or yellowish tinge.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, 1–3 mm. long in fruiting calyx.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5; filaments rather broadened below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels and styles 5.
Figures
Fig. 1.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate to ascending ephemeral or short-lived perennial, stems to 0.7 m long
Morphology Leaves
Leaf base attenuate into ill-defined petiole, tip obtuse or subacute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers always bisexual. Fruiting pedicels up to 3.5–8 mm long, fairly stout, usually curved Inflorescences mostly axillary, with at least some, often most, flowers in umbels of 3 or more
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 1.8–2.6(–3) mm long, whitish, sometimes flushed pink, mauve or yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5; filaments with wide base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 5, sculptured forms spiny-papillose or winged.
Distribution
N1; C1; S1 Eritrea, Ethiopia, south to South Africa, west to Nigeria, east to Indo-China.
Ecology
Sea level to 1430 m.
Note
Material from South Africa approaches G. africana in habit and flower size which is larger than in northern material. Only the stamen count gives a reliable separation in that area and perhaps the complex needs more detailed study. The Somali material is var. pharnaceoides. Many collections from eastern Arabia and adjacent areas of Iran and Pakistan have winged mericarps and are placed in var. alata M. Gilbert.

[FWTA]

Molluginaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Note
The plant is often subject to a blight (Exobasidium gisekiae Allesch.) which renders it pink or wine-red in colour.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Florida

Gisekia pharnaceoides L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kotschy [2], Sudan K000232044 Unknown type material
Sieber [63], Senegal K000232045
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509] K001113281
[Ellerton Stocks] [6], India K000641818
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509] K001113285
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1509], Myanmar K001113280
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509] K001113284
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509], Bangladesh K001113287
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509] K001113283
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509], India K001113286
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1509] K001113282
[Dalzell, N.A.] [s.n.], India K000641817

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 562 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Meerts, P. (2018). Synopsis of the genus Vites (Lamiaceae) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Plant Ecology and Evolution 151: 380-392.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 325.
  • —F.T.A. 2: 593, incl. vars. congesta and pedunculata Oliv.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 90-106: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 91 (1950).
  • Hauman, Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 102 (1951).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 113 (1927).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 134 (1954).
  • L., Mant. 2: 562 (1771).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 593 (1871).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 253 (1938).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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