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  1. Family: Elatinaceae Dumort.
    1. Genus: Bergia L.
      1. Bergia suffruticosa (Delile) Fenzl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Senegal to Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to W. India.

    [FTEA]

    Elatinaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Aromatic woody-based spreading shrublet with numerous opposite branchlets, the erect shoots 5–20(–60) cm. tall; plant at first densely shortly hispid, the older stems at length almost glabrous with the bark papery and peeling in rust-coloured flakes.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or pseudo-verticillate, usually rather thick, sessile or shortly petiolate; blade elliptic or oblanceolate, 0.2–3 cm. long, 0.1–1 cm. wide, obtuse to acute at the apex, cuneate, crenate or serrate, usually markedly so, margins sometimes revolute, mostly densely scabrid-pubescent, sometimes glandular; petiole 0–3 mm. long; stipules linear or lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, mostly not membranous, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous, solitary or in 2–8-flowered fascicles; pedicels 1–5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate, 2.5–5 mm. long, acute to distinctly acuminate, keeled, pubescent, usually with membranous margins.
    Corolla
    Petals obovate-oblong, ± equalling the sepals, 3–4 mm. long, 1.2–2 mm. wide, obtuse, white to pinkish-mauve, thin.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, nearly equal or alternately shorter, those opposite the sepals often dilated below.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, 5-sulcate; style 1–1.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule pinkish, ovoid, 2 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-ellipsoid, dark brown to black, shining, 0.5–0.6 mm. long, faintly reticulate.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/9, p. 2.
    Habitat
    Hard seasonally wet pans with Sphaeranthus, Glinus, Lawsonia, Aerva, etc.; 100–750 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7 Senegal and Mauritania to Egypt, Sudan Republic, Arabia, W. Pakistan and western India
    [FWTA]

    Elatinaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A heath-like undershrub, often covering large patches of ground
    Flowers
    Flowers with stamens and ovary often pink, frequented by bees.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Burkina, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Bergia suffruticosa (Delile) Fenzl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Edgeworth, M.P. [148], India Bergia odorata K000677001

    Bibliography

    First published in Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 3: 183 (1841)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 300.
    • —F.T.A. 1: 153

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 127, fig. 45 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 83, fig. 56 (1950).
    • Niedenzu in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 21: 274, t. 119/A–J (1925).
    • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 525, fig. 237/A–J (1921).
    • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 153 (1868).
    • Fenzl in Denkschr. Bot. Gesell. 3: 183 (1841).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0