1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Bridelia Willd.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious, or rarely dioecious shrubs or trees.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple.
    Stem
    Trunk and branches sometimes armed with blunt thorns.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or more or less so, penninerved; lateral nerves straight, arched or looped, tertiary nerves usually parallel.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, axillary, glomerulate or fasciculate, sometimes in spikes or panicles of glomeruliform fascicles. Male flowers in many-flowered fascicles, sometimes with 1–2 female flowers admixed, sessile, subsessile or shortly pedicellate; sepals (4)5, valvate; petals 5, small, inflexed and not contiguous or imbricate; disk annular or cupuliform, entire or sinuate; stamens 5, filaments united below into a short column, free and spreading above, anthers horizontal, basifixed, the thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode at the top of the column ampulliform, entire or 2–4-lobed. Female flowers few per cluster or solitary, sometimes pedicellate; sepals and petals perigynous, otherwise ± as in female; outer disk annular, inner encasing the ovary; ovary 2(3)-locular, ovules 2 per locule; styles 2(3), free or connate at the base, bifid or subentire.
    Bracts
    Bracts small, scale-like.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous and indehiscent or else dehiscent; exocarp thin; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp crustaceous, 1- or 2-locular.
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary per locule by abortion, plano-convex and longitudinally grooved in 2-locular fruits, C-shaped in transverse section and hollowly cylindrical, split down one side in 1-locular fruits; albumen copious, fleshy; embryo curved; cotyledons broad, foliaceous, thin.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious or rarely dioecious shrubs or trees with a simple indumentum
    Branches
    Branches sometimes armed with blunt woody thorns
    Twigs
    Twigs lenticellate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, usually entire, penninerved, the nerves straight, arched or looped, the tertiary nerves usually parallel
    Flowers
    Flowers small, axillary, solitary, glomerulate or fasciculate, or in spikes or panicles of glomerulate fascicles Female flowers in few-flowered clusters or solitary, sometimes pedicellate; sepals and petals perigynous, otherwise ± as in the male; outer disc annular, inner disc lobed or cupular and embracing the ovary; ovary 2(–3)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 2(–3), free or connate at the base, bifid or subentire Male flowers in many-flowered glomeruli, sometimes with 1–2 ♀ flowers admixed, sessile or subsessile; sepals 5, valvate; petals 5, small, inflexed over the disc or quincuncially imbricate; disc annular or cupuliform, entire or sinuate; stamens 5, filaments united below into a short column, free and spreading above, anthers horizontal, basifixed, the thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode at the top of the staminal column, ampulliform, entire or 2–4-lobate
    Bracts
    Bracts small, scaly
    Male
    Male flowers in many-flowered glomeruli, sometimes with 1–2 ♀ flowers admixed, sessile or subsessile; sepals 5, valvate; petals 5, small, inflexed over the disc or quincuncially imbricate; disc annular or cupuliform, entire or sinuate; stamens 5, filaments united below into a short column, free and spreading above, anthers horizontal, basifixed, the thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode at the top of the staminal column, ampulliform, entire or 2–4-lobate
    Female
    Female flowers in few-flowered clusters or solitary, sometimes pedicellate; sepals and petals perigynous, otherwise ± as in the male; outer disc annular, inner disc lobed or cupular and embracing the ovary; ovary 2(–3)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 2(–3), free or connate at the base, bifid or subentire
    Fruits
    Fruit a small, smooth, ovoid or globose berry or drupe, indehiscent, or else dehiscent; exocarp fleshy or pulpy; endocarp crustaceous, forming 2 (or by abortion 1) pyrenes
    Seeds
    Seeds often by abortion solitary in each pyrene, plano-convex and adaxially longitudinally grooved (2 pyrenes) or else U-shaped in transverse section and adaxially deeply excavate (1 pyrene); albumen copious, fleshy; embryo slightly or strongly curved; cotyledons broad, foliaceous, thin.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Bridelia Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132531

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4: 978 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Jablonszky in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 8: 54–88 (1915).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 611
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Jablonszky in Engler, Pflanzenr. [IV, fam. 147, viii] 65: 54 (1915).
    • Müller Argoviensis in De Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 493 (1866).
    • Sp. Pl. 4, 2: 978 (1805).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in F.C.B. 8(1): 27 (1962)
    • J. Léon. in B.J.B.B. 25: 359 (1955)
    • Jabl. in E.P. IV. 147(8): 54 (1915)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 611 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 267 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 493 (1866)
    • Sp. Pl. 4(2): 978 (1805)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0