1. Family: Talinaceae (Fenzl) Doweld
    1. Talinum Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Bangladesh, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial herbs or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or rosulate, somewhat succulent; stipules absent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal or axillary cymes, racemes or panicles, rarely solitary.
    Calyx
    Sepals 2, opposite.
    Corolla
    Petals 5 (at least in our species), free or joined at the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5-?.
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, 1-locular, multiovulate; style filiform, with 3 stigma lobes.
    Fruits
    Capsule chartaceous, 1-locular, many-seeded, opening by 3 valves (6-valved in one species outside our area).
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform or lenticular, often black or greyish and somewhat compressed; testa smooth or variously tuberculate, pitted or ridged, with a distinct hilum; embryo annular.
    [KBu]

    Mendoza F., J. & Wood, J.R.I. 2013. Taxonomic revision of Talinum (Talinaceae) in Bolivia with a note on the occurrence of Phemeranthus (Montiaceae). Kew Bulletin 68: 233. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9454-0

    Type
    Type: Portulacafruticosa L. (Linnaeus 1759).
    Habit
    Fleshy herbs or, rarely, undershrubs, erect, ascending or scrambling
    Leaves
    Leaves basally in a rosette or semi-rosette; on the stem and branches alternate, rarely verticillate; laminas fleshy, linear, linear-lanceolate, obovate, elliptic or spathulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence normally a compact terminal panicle composed of branched lateral cymes, less commonly of terminal branched cymes or, rarely, of solitary axillary flowers; flowers opening during the day or during the night, small or large (0.5 – 2.2 cm diam.); sepals 2, persistent or rapidly caducous; petals 5, straight or variously reflexed; filaments 8 – 40, unequal; anthers elliptic or hemispherical, normally bright yellow; style shorter than or exceeding filaments, filiform, terete or slightly swollen towards the apex; stigma trifid
    Fruits
    Fruit an obscurely 3-angled, subglobose or subovoid capsule, opening by 3 separate caducous or shortly persistent valves; intervalvular membrane present or absent
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, reniform or lenticular, variously tuberculate, papillose or channelled, black or brownish-black; caruncle prominent, reduced or missing, membranous, white or whitish-hyaline, caducous or persistent.
    [FTEA]

    Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Rather succulent perennial herbs or subshrubs, often arising from an underground tuber
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or in a basal rosette, fleshy, flat or terete
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate in terminal or axillary cymes or thyrsiform panicles, sometimes raceme-like or reduced to a single flower, bracts and bracteoles small, scale-like
    Calyx
    Sepals falling with the petals or subpersistent
    Corolla
    Petals mostly 5, free or connate at the base
    Stamens
    Stamens indefinite, few to many, free or adherent to the base of the petals, filaments filiform
    Pistil
    Ovary superior, multiovulate, style slender, disarticulating at maturity, stigma 3-branched
    Fruits
    Fruit a 3-valved capsule, also circumscissile at the base, the valves falling separately, cartilaginous
    Seeds
    Seeds many, reniform to lenticular, testa smooth or ornamented.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Suriname

    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Verde, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Galápagos, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Ivory Coast, Madeira, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Ogasawara-shoto, Sierra Leone, St.Helena, Uzbekistan

    Talinum Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Faulkner, H. [K.322], Mozambique 21841.000

    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Price, T. A. & Ferguson, D. J. (2012). A new combination in Phemeranthus (Montiaceae) and notes on the circumscription of Phemeranthus and Talinum (Talinaceae) from the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Novon 22: 67 – 69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. (2010). DistintegratingPortulaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59: 227 – 240.Google Scholar
    • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-Book. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
    • Zuloaga, F. O., Morrone, O., Belgrano, M. J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds) (2008). Catálogo de las PlantasVasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107: i – xxi, 2287 – 3348.Google Scholar
    • Nyffeler, R. (2007). The closest relatives of cacti: Insights from phylogenetic analyses of chloroblast and mitochondrial sequences with special emphaqsis on relationships in the tribe Anacampseroteae. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 89 – 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Nee, M. (2004). Flora de la Región del Parque Nacional Amboró Bolivia. Vol. 2. Editorial FAN, Santa Cruz.Google Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.Google Scholar
    • Bacigalupo, N. M. (1993). Talinum nocturnum N. M. Bacigal. (Portulaceae), unanuevaespecie del Chaco Paraguayo. In: L. Ramella & P. Perret (eds), NotulaeadFloramparaquaiensem. Candollea 48(2): 511 – 516.Google Scholar
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    • Wijnands, D. O. & Westphal-Stevels, J. M. C. (1985). Proposal [785] to change the citation and nomenclature of the conserved type of 2406 Talinum Adanson. Taxon 34: 309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Foster, R. C. (1958). A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contr. Gray Herb. 184: 1 – 223.Google Scholar
    • Fries, R. E. (1905). ZurKenntnis der Alpen Flora imNördlichenArgentinien. Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. 4, 1: 1 – 205.Google Scholar
    • Grisebach, A. H. R. (1879). Symbolaeadfloramargentinum. Dieterich, Göttingen.Google Scholar
    • Arnott, G. A. Walker (1831). On some new species of Portulaceae. Edinburgh. J. Nat. Geogr. Sci. 3: 354 – 355.Google Scholar
    • Willdenow, C. L. (1799). Species Plantarum Vol. 2. ed. 4. G. C. Nauk, Berlin.Google Scholar
    • Gaertner, J. (1791). De fructibus et seminibus plantarum, Vol. 2, part 2. G. H. Schramm, Tübingen.Google Scholar
    • Jussieu, A. L. de (1789). Genera plantarum. ViduamHerissant et TheophilumBarrois, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Linnaeus, C. (1771). Mantissa plantarum altera. Stockholm.Google Scholar
    • (Adanson 1763: 145).
    • Adanson, M. (1763). Familles des plantes. Vol. 2. Vincent, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Linnaeus, C. (1762). Species Plantarum ed. 2, vol. 1. Uppsala.Google Scholar
    • Jacquin, N. J. (1760). Enumeratiosystematica plantarum quas in InsulisCaribaeisvicinaqueAmericescontinentedetexitnovasaut jam cognitasemendavit. Apud T. Haak, LugduniBatavorum.Google Scholar
    • Linnaeus, C. (1759). SystemaNaturae, ed. 10, vol. 2. Stockholm.Google Scholar
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • von Poellnitz in Fedde Rep. 35: 1–34 (1934).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 149
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Toelken in Bothalia 10: 19–28 (1969), nom. conserv.
    • Poelln. in F.R. 35: 1–34 (1934)
    • Oliv. in F.T.A. 1: 149 (1868)
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0