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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Talinum (Portulacaceae)

[FZ]

Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or rosulate, somewhat succulent; stipules absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal or axillary cymes, racemes or panicles, rarely solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2, opposite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5 (at least in our species), free or joined at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5-?.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, 1-locular, multiovulate; style filiform, with 3 stigma lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule chartaceous, 1-locular, many-seeded, opening by 3 valves (6-valved in one species outside our area).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reniform or lenticular, often black or greyish and somewhat compressed; testa smooth or variously tuberculate, pitted or ridged, with a distinct hilum; embryo annular.

[KBu]

Mendoza F., J. & Wood, J.R.I. 2013. Taxonomic revision of Talinum (Talinaceae) in Bolivia with a note on the occurrence of Phemeranthus (Montiaceae). Kew Bulletin 68: 233. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-013-9454-0

Morphology General Habit
Fleshy herbs or, rarely, undershrubs, erect, ascending or scrambling
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basally in a rosette or semi-rosette; on the stem and branches alternate, rarely verticillate; laminas fleshy, linear, linear-lanceolate, obovate, elliptic or spathulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an obscurely 3-angled, subglobose or subovoid capsule, opening by 3 separate caducous or shortly persistent valves; intervalvular membrane present or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence normally a compact terminal panicle composed of branched lateral cymes, less commonly of terminal branched cymes or, rarely, of solitary axillary flowers; flowers opening during the day or during the night, small or large (0.5 – 2.2 cm diam.); sepals 2, persistent or rapidly caducous; petals 5, straight or variously reflexed; filaments 8 – 40, unequal; anthers elliptic or hemispherical, normally bright yellow; style shorter than or exceeding filaments, filiform, terete or slightly swollen towards the apex; stigma trifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, reniform or lenticular, variously tuberculate, papillose or channelled, black or brownish-black; caruncle prominent, reduced or missing, membranous, white or whitish-hyaline, caducous or persistent.
Type
Type: Portulacafruticosa L. (Linnaeus 1759).

[FTEA]

Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Rather succulent perennial herbs or subshrubs, often arising from an underground tuber
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite or in a basal rosette, fleshy, flat or terete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate in terminal or axillary cymes or thyrsiform panicles, sometimes raceme-like or reduced to a single flower, bracts and bracteoles small, scale-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals falling with the petals or subpersistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals mostly 5, free or connate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens indefinite, few to many, free or adherent to the base of the petals, filaments filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, multiovulate, style slender, disarticulating at maturity, stigma 3-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 3-valved capsule, also circumscissile at the base, the valves falling separately, cartilaginous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, reniform to lenticular, testa smooth or ornamented.

Doubtfully present in:

Suriname

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Verde, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Fiji, Galápagos, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Ogasawara-shoto, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Uzbekistan, Vietnam

Talinum Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Faulkner, H. [K.322], Mozambique 21841.000

First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • (Adanson 1763: 145).
  • Adanson, M. (1763). Familles des plantes. Vol. 2. Vincent, Paris.
  • Arnott, G. A. Walker (1831). On some new species of Portulaceae. Edinburgh. J. Nat. Geogr. Sci. 3: 354 – 355.
  • Bacigalupo, N. M. (1993). Talinum nocturnum N. M. Bacigal. (Portulaceae), unanuevaespecie del Chaco Paraguayo. In: L. Ramella & P. Perret (eds), NotulaeadFloramparaquaiensem. Candollea 48(2): 511 – 516.
  • Carolin, R. (1985). NotassobrePortulacaceae de la Argentina. Parodiana 3: 329 – 332.
  • Foster, R. C. (1958). A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contr. Gray Herb. 184: 1 – 223.
  • Fries, R. E. (1905). ZurKenntnis der Alpen Flora imNördlichenArgentinien. Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. Ser. 4, 1: 1 – 205.
  • Gaertner, J. (1791). De fructibus et seminibus plantarum, Vol. 2, part 2. G. H. Schramm, Tübingen.
  • Grisebach, A. H. R. (1879). Symbolaeadfloramargentinum. Dieterich, Göttingen.
  • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
  • Jacquin, N. J. (1760). Enumeratiosystematica plantarum quas in InsulisCaribaeisvicinaqueAmericescontinentedetexitnovasaut jam cognitasemendavit. Apud T. Haak, LugduniBatavorum.
  • Jussieu, A. L. de (1789). Genera plantarum. ViduamHerissant et TheophilumBarrois, Paris.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1759). SystemaNaturae, ed. 10, vol. 2. Stockholm.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1762). Species Plantarum ed. 2, vol. 1. Uppsala.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1771). Mantissa plantarum altera. Stockholm.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-Book. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Nee, M. (2004). Flora de la Región del Parque Nacional Amboró Bolivia. Vol. 2. Editorial FAN, Santa Cruz.
  • Nyffeler, R. & Eggli, U. (2010). DistintegratingPortulaceae: A new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Taxon 59: 227 – 240.
  • Nyffeler, R. (2007). The closest relatives of cacti: Insights from phylogenetic analyses of chloroblast and mitochondrial sequences with special emphaqsis on relationships in the tribe Anacampseroteae. Amer. J. Bot. 94: 89 – 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Price, T. A. & Ferguson, D. J. (2012). A new combination in Phemeranthus (Montiaceae) and notes on the circumscription of Phemeranthus and Talinum (Talinaceae) from the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Novon 22: 67 – 69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Wijnands, D. O. & Westphal-Stevels, J. M. C. (1985). Proposal [785] to change the citation and nomenclature of the conserved type of 2406 Talinum Adanson. Taxon 34: 309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Willdenow, C. L. (1799). Species Plantarum Vol. 2. ed. 4. G. C. Nauk, Berlin.
  • Zuloaga, F. O., Morrone, O., Belgrano, M. J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds) (2008). Catálogo de las PlantasVasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107: i – xxi, 2287 – 3348.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • von Poellnitz in Fedde Rep. 35: 1–34 (1934).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 149

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 245, 609 (1763)
  • Oliv. in F.T.A. 1: 149 (1868)
  • Poelln. in F.R. 35: 1–34 (1934)
  • Toelken in Bothalia 10: 19–28 (1969), nom. conserv.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0