1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Chrysophyllum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, sometimes scandent
    Stipules
    Stipules absent
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; lamina coriaceous or chartaceous; primary nerves usually prominent, straight or curved, closely parallel or widely spaced and then usually with longitudinal or transverse vein reticulum; lower surface often with sericeous indumentum
    Flowers
    Flowers clustered in current or fallen leaf axils, subsessile or pedicellate, hermaphrodite, normally 5-merous
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, ± free to base
    Corolla
    Corolla ± equal in length to sepals or longer; lobes usually 5, ± equal in length to or shorter than the cylindrical or campanulate tube
    Stamens
    Stamens same number as corolla-lobes and opposite, inserted at throat
    Staminodes
    Staminodes normally absent, but may be irregularly present
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose to broadly conical, densely pilose, normally 5-locular; ovules solitary with lateral or basi-lateral attachment; style short and stout, ± equal length of ovary or rarely longer
    Fruits
    Fruit a subglobose to ovoid or ellipsoid berry; pericarp fleshy or subcoriaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds several or sometimes solitary; testa hard and shiny; scar lateral and narrow or sometimes (and not in Africa) broad and extending over the seed surface; endosperm present; embryo with flattened foliaceous cotyledons; radicle basal.
    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, sometimes scandent.
    Leaves
    Leaves coriaceous or chartaceous, not or sometimes clustered at branch ends; lamina sometimes with lateral nerves very numerous, close, straight and parallel.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually hermaphrodite (flowers with reduced anthers occur sporadically in some species), 5–merous, borne in few– to many–flowered fascicles in axils of current leaves or on older wood.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± free to the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla cylindric, urceolate or campanulate; lobes entire, equalling or shorter than tube.
    Stamens
    Stamens not exserted; filaments inserted at level of base of lobes or in tube; anthers extrorse.
    Staminodes
    Alternipetalous Staminodes usually absent.
    Ovary
    Ovary conical, densely pilose, tapering into a short thick style, usually 5–locular; ovules solitary, with lateral or basi–lateral attachment.
    Fruits
    Fruit a subglobose to pear–shaped berry, often with lobes corresponding with number of seeds; pericarp fleshy or subcoriaceous.
    Seeds
    Seeds (1) 2–S, with long narrow lateral scar; testa hard, smooth and shiny; endosperm copious; cotyledons thin and leafy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Cayman Is., Hawaii, Malaya, Society Is., Tonga, Venezuelan Antilles

    Chrysophyllum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2006 Burgt, X.M. van der [950], Cameroon K000460381
    Jan 1, 2006 van der Burgt, X.M. [950], Cameroon 65118.000
    Myers, J.G. [10565A], Sudan 17413.000
    Harris, D.J. [679], Central African Republic 54436.000
    Harris, D.J. [1344], Central African Republic 63389.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 192 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 498.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 88 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 192 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cronquist in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 73: 286 (1946)
    • E.M. 8: 39 (1904), pro parte maxima, excl. sect.Zeyherella
    • Engl., E. & P. Pf. IV, 1: 147 (1897)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 88 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 192 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0