1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Convolvulus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical.

    [FZ]

    Convolvulaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs with erect, prostrate or twining stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate or nearly sessile, very variable, entire or lobed, often cordate, but often nastate or sagittate.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary in 1-few-flowered cymes, sometimes subumbellate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, equal or subequal, persistent, obtuse to acute.
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, white, pink or pinkish-purple, shallowly 5-lobed, midpetaline areas often hairy towards the apices.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, usually unequal, included, filaments filiform or somewhat linear, often dilated at base; pollen smooth, ellipsoid.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular, 4-ovuled.
    Pistil
    Style simple, filiform, included; stigmas 2, filiform.
    Fruits
    Capsule bilocular, usually 4-valved.
    Seeds
    Seeds usually 4, black or brown, usually glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs with erect, prostrate or twining stems
    Leaves
    Leaves very variable but often hastate or sagittate
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary in one- to few-flowered cymes or dense heads
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, equal or subequal, obtuse to acute
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate or funnel-shaped, variously coloured, almost entire
    Stamens
    Stamens and style included
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular, 4-ovuled; style simple, filiform; stigmas 2, filiform
    Fruits
    Capsule 2-locular, usually 4-valved
    Seeds
    Seeds mostly glabrous, usually 4.A large genus of about 250 species which mainly occur in temperate and subtropical regions of both hemispheres; a few only occur in the tropics
    Note
    The group comprising species 6–8 is taxonomically a difficult one and many intermediates occur The following key should therefore be used with caution.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Galápagos, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Victoria, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Bangladesh, British Columbia, Chile South, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Convolvulus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bullock, A.A. [1942], Tanzania 11179.000
    Eldin, N. [1], Sudan 1103.000
    Rico, L. [1758], Armenia K000297271

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 153 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Wood, J.R.I., Williams, B.R.M., Mitchell, T.C., Carine, M.A., Harris, D.J. & Scotland, R.W. (2015). A foundation monograph of Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae) PhytoKeys 51: 1-282.
    • Johnson, R.W. (2012). Convolvulaceae Australian Plant Census Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria.
    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Bianchini, R.S., Ferreira, P.P.A. in Forzza, R.C. et al. (2010). Convolvulaceae Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Heenan, P.B., B.P.J. Molloy, & P.J. de Lange (2003). Species of Convolvulus (Convolvulaceae) endemic to New Zealand New Zealand Journal of Botany 41: 447-457.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Convolvulaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 834-862. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1993). Les Convolvulaceae dans la flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 38: 351-400.
    • Dempster, L. T. in Hickman, J. C. (ed.) (1993). Convolvulaceae The Jepson Manual, higher plants of Cilfornia: 516-522. Univ. California Press.
    • Al-Rawi, A. in Al-Rawi, A. (1985). Fl. Kuwait Convolvulaceae Flora of Kuwait 1: 182-186. Alden Press Ltd., U.K.
    • Austin, D. F. (1982). Flora of Ecuador 15: 3-99. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
    • Allan, H.H. (1982). Fl. New Zealand Convolvulaceae-indigenous Flora of New Zealand 1: 835-841+1034. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Austin, D.F. in Lasser, T. (1982). Convolvulaceae Flora de Venezuela 8(3): 15-226. Fundación Educación Ambiental.
    • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
    • Parris, B.S. & R. Brummitt in Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Convolvulaceae Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 197-222. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Grigor'ev, Y.S. (1974). Convolvulaceae Flora of the USSR 19: 3-30. Science Publishers, Inc.
    • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
    • Sa'ad, F. (1967). The Convolvulus species of the Canary Isles, the Mediterranean region, and the Near and Middle East. Mededelingen van het Botanisch Museum en Herbarium van de Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht 281: 1-288.
    • Matuda, E. in Matuda, E. (1966). Las Convolvulaceas del estado de Mexico Las Convolvulaceae del estado de Mexico: 1-56. Govierno del Estado de Mexico, Direccion de Agricultura y Ganaderia.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • Kitamura, S. in Kitamura, S. (1960). Fl. Afghanistan Convolvulaceae Flora of Afghanistan 2: 309-313. Kyoto University.
    • O'Donell, C.A. (1959). Convolvuloideas de Uruguay Lilloa 29: 349-376. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Instituto 'Miguel Lillo'.
    • Andrews, F.W. in Andrews, F.W. (1956). Convolvulaceae The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 102-125. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Fernald & Rollins in Fernald, M.L. with R. C. Rollins (1950). Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th edition: 1177-1185. Dioscorides Press.
    • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.
    • Baker, J.G. & C.H. Wright in Thiselton Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1904). Convolvulaceae Flora Capensis 4(2): 45-87.
    • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1883). Fl. Br. India Convolvulaceae Flora of British India 4: 179-228 + 734.
    • Meisner, C.F. in Martius, C.F.P.von & auct. suc. (eds.) (1869). Convolvulaceae Flora Brasiliensis 7: 199-370.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 6: 666 (1958).
    • Verdcourt in Kew Bull. 12: 344 (1957)
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 88
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 76 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 153 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5 : 76 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. : 153 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0