1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Paspalum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Pacific, America.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (44), or perennial (281). Rhizomes absent (245), or short (51), or elongated (31). Stolons absent (308), or present (19). Culms erect (125/209), or geniculately ascending (63/209), or decumbent (53/209), or prostrate (6/209), or rambling (5/209), or leaning (2/209); robust (20/49), or slender (29/49); 2-72.51-400 cm long; spongy (5), or firm (313), or wiry (6), or woody (1); without nodal roots (9/41), or with prop roots (1/41), or rooting from lower nodes (40/41). Culm-internodes similar in length (1/1); terete (5/26), or semiterete (1/26), or elliptical in section (22/26). Culm-nodes constricted (6/8), or swollen (2/8). Lateral branches lacking (98/145), or sparse (32/145), or ample (29/145), or fastigiate (1/145). Leaves differentiated into sheath and blade (315), or without demarcation between sheath and blade (10). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (319), or erect (6). Ligule an eciliate membrane (301), or a ciliolate membrane (9), or a ciliate membrane (4), or a fringe of hairs (12). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (319), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (4), or with a false petiole (3). Leaf-blades aciculate (2), or filiform (19), or linear (256), or lanceolate (78), or elliptic (3); herbaceous (323), or coriaceous (2); stiff (22), or firm (296), or flaccid (7). Leaf-blade midrib indistinct (1/12), or evident (1/12), or conspicuous (10/12). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (3/3). Leaf-blade apex muticous (322), or pungent (4).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal (306), or terminal and axillary (22); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (323), or an inflated leaf-sheath (2); exserted (319), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (8), or enclosed (1). Peduncle tipped by a glumaceous appendage (4/4). Racemes single (59), or paired (91), or digitate (46), or borne along a central axis (204); appressed (4), or erect (7), or ascending (308), or spreading (12), or drooping (11), or deflexed (2); linear, or lanceolate (1); unilateral (324/324); bearing 20 fertile spikelets on each (1/1). Central inflorescence axis unspecialized (294/296), or flattened (3/296), or winged (1/296); tip without extension (295/296), or with blunt extension (1/296), or subulate (1/296), or filiform (1/296). Rhachis persistent (288/296), or deciduous from axis (8/296); wingless (190), or narrowly winged (92), or broadly winged (43); membranous (14/43), or herbaceous (16/43), or foliaceous (13/43); not appreciably folded (121/135), or folded longitudinally to embrace spikelets (14/135); flattened (34/215), or angular (175/215), or semiterete (6/215); terminating in a spikelet (297), or sterile spikelet (3), or barren extension (26); extension flattened (19/20), or subulate (2/20). Spikelet packing adaxial (1/135), or abaxial (133/135), or alternately adaxial and abaxial (1/135); crowded (35), or contiguous (278), or lax (11), or distant (2); 1 -rowed (7/182), or 2 -rowed (115/182), or 3 -rowed (23/182), or 4 -rowed (74/182), or 5 -rowed (1/182), or 6 -rowed (2/182), or 7-10 -rowed (1/182). Raceme-bases brief (321), or linear (4). Spikelets appressed (3/4), or pectinate (1/4); solitary (137), or in pairs (195). Fertile spikelets sessile (37), or sessile and pedicelled (14), or pedicelled (274); 1 in the cluster (1/8), or 2 in the cluster (8/8); subequal (1/2), or the lower smaller (2/2). Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled (1/1); 0-1 in the cluster (1/1). Pedicels free (286/288), or fused to internode (1/288), or fused to each other (1/288); oblong (100/104), or clavate (1/104), or reduced to a stump (3/104); tip discoid (8/9), or cupuliform (1/9).
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets absent (324), or rudimentary (1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (324/324); 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (24), or elliptic (176), or oblong (43), or ovate (64), or orbicular (29), or obovate (92), or oblanceolate (1), or rhomboid (6); of unremarkable solid shape (323), or hemispherical (2); dorsally compressed; symmetrical (54), or gibbous (1), or turgidly plano-convex (9), or plano-convex (256), or concavo-convex (5); 0.6-2.656-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base (323), or with accessory branch structures (2). Spikelet callus glabrous (1/2), or pilose (1/2). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (323), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2). Companion sterile spikelets absent (324), or rudimentary (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (324/324); 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (24), or elliptic (176), or oblong (43), or ovate (64), or orbicular (29), or obovate (92), or oblanceolate (1), or rhomboid (6); of unremarkable solid shape (323), or hemispherical (2); dorsally compressed; symmetrical (54), or gibbous (1), or turgidly plano-convex (9), or plano-convex (256), or concavo-convex (5); 0.6-2.656-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base (323), or with accessory branch structures (2). Spikelet callus glabrous (1/2), or pilose (1/2). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (323), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2).
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure (11), or one the lower absent or obscure (288), or one to two the lower present in some spikelets (16), or two (24); shorter than spikelet (42/315), or reaching apex of florets (275/315), or exceeding apex of florets (3/315); thinner than fertile lemma (314/315), or similar to fertile lemma in texture (1/315). Lower glume linear (1/34), or lanceolate (5/34), or oblong (1/34), or ovate (25/34), or orbicular (1/34), or oblate (5/34); 0-0.27-0.6 length of upper glume; hyaline (7/14), or membranous (7/14); without keels (3/3); 0-1 -veined (13/19), or 2-3 -veined (1/19). Lower glume lateral veins absent (18/37), or distinct (20/37). Lower glume surface glabrous (34/37), or pubescent (2/37), or pilose (1/37). Lower glume apex truncate (1/15), or obtuse (5/15), or acute (11/15), or acuminate (1/15). Upper glume lanceolate (8/315), or elliptic (174/315), or oblong (9/315), or ovate (89/315), or orbicular (16/315), or oblate (1/315), or obovate (24/315); without auricles (309/315), or auriculate at base (6/315); not gibbous (314/315), or gibbous (1/315); 1-1.216-1.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline (11/314), or membranous (290/314), or chartaceous (10/314), or herbaceous (1/314), or cartilaginous (2/314), or coriaceous (1/314); with undifferentiated margins (313/315), or hyaline margins (1/315), or cartilaginous margins (1/315); without keels (312/313), or 1-keeled (1/313); wingless (308/315), or winged on margins (7/315); 0-4-9 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate (302/304), or ciliate (1/304), or pubescent (2/304). Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins (4/4). Upper glume surface smooth (294/315), or asperulous (2/315), or scabrous (4/315), or papillose (4/315), or tuberculate (1/315), or wrinkled (9/315), or rugose (1/315); glabrous (207/315), or puberulous (37/315), or pubescent (58/315), or pilose (22/315), or hirsute (3/315), or villous (9/315), or hispidulous (1/315), or setose (1/315); with simple hairs (112/131), or tubercle-based hairs (13/131), or capitate hairs (5/131), or clavate hairs (1/131); without hair tufts (309/315), or with basal tufts of hair (3/315), or with marginal tufts of hair (2/315), or with an apical beard (1/315). Upper glume apex entire (311/315), or erose (2/315), or with a unilateral tooth (2/315), or dentate (1/315); 1-2 -fid (1/1); emarginate (1/232), or truncate (1/232), or obtuse (108/232), or acute (119/232), or acuminate (3/232), or attenuate (1/232), or cuspidate (2/232), or caudate (1/232); muticous (310/315), or mucronate (3/315), or awned (3/315); 1 -awned (3/4), or 3 -awned (1/4). Upper glume awn terminal (4/5), or subapical (1/5).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (9/324), or barren (317/324); with palea (13/324), or without significant palea (313/324). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (5/324), or elliptic (237/324), or oblong (13/324), or ovate (39/324), or orbicular (14/324), or trullate (1/324), or obovate (21/324); 0.9-1.2-1.6 length of fertile lemma; hyaline (11/322), or membranous (294/322), or chartaceous (9/322), or cartilaginous (3/322), or coriaceous (6/322); 1 -veined (2/287), or 2 -veined (22/287), or 3 -veined (176/287), or 4 -veined (26/287), or 5 -veined (115/287), or 6 -veined (8/287), or 7 -veined (10/287); without ribs (321/322), or ribbed (1/322); without grooves (314/324), or sulcate (10/324), or with 2 longitudinal grooves (1/324), or readily splitting into two halves (1/324); truncate (1/231), or obtuse (111/231), or acute (114/231), or acuminate (4/231), or cuspidate (2/231); muticous (320/324), or mucronate (2/324), or awned (3/324). Palea of lower sterile floret hyaline (11/13), or becoming indurate on keels at maturity (1/13), or becoming indurate on flanks at maturity (1/13); wingless (12/13), or winged on keels (1/13). Fertile lemma lanceolate (7), or elliptic (207), or oblong (16), or ovate (61), or orbicular (25), or obovate (34); not gibbous (275), or gibbous (50); hemispherical (1/1); membranous (1), or chartaceous (2), or cartilaginous (8), or coriaceous (17), or indurate (297); without keel (324), or keeled (1); 3 -veined (8/30), or 4 -veined (1/30), or 5 -veined (20/30), or 7 -veined (3/30). Lemma lateral veins obscure (5/7), or distinct (1/7), or prominent (1/7). Lemma surface smooth (188), or granulose (14), or scaberulous (4), or papillose (43), or tuberculate (2), or striate (72), or punctate (10); unwrinkled (324), or rugulose (1); glabrous (319), or puberulous (4), or pubescent (2), or pilose (1); without hair tufts (324), or with conspicuous apical hairs (1). Lemma margins flat (2), or involute (322), or convolute (1); exposing palea (324), or covering most of palea (1); eciliate (318), or ciliolate (4), or ciliate (1), or pubescent (2). Lemma apex obtuse (118/163), or acute (43/163), or acuminate (2/163), or apiculate (1/163), or rostrate (1/163); without ornament (311), or papillose (2), or scabrous (1), or pubescent (12); muticous (324), or mucronate (1). Palea embraced by lemma (323), or separating from lemma above (1), or gaping (1); not rolled (3), or involute (322); membranous (2), or chartaceous (2), or cartilaginous (4), or coriaceous (17), or indurate (300); 2 -veined (1/1). Palea keels smooth (324), or tuberculate (1); eciliate (324), or puberulous (1). Palea surface glabrous (323), or puberulous (2).
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent (2/27), or 2 (25/27); membranous (1/4), or fleshy (3/4); truncate (4/5), or obtuse (1/5). Anthers 3 (206/206). Stigmas 2 (2/2).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (269/269); ellipsoid (20/42), or oblong (3/42), or ovoid (2/42), or orbicular (6/42), or obovoid (12/42); dorsally compressed (3/4), or flattened (1/4); plano-convex (7/7). Embryo 0.3-0.4267-0.7 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (9/24), or elliptic (12/24), or linear (4/24); 0.25-0.482-0.66 length of caryopsis.
    Cleistogene
    Cleistogenes absent (322), or present (4); in lower sheaths (3/4), or underground (1/4).
    Distribution
    Europe (4), or Africa (11), or Temperate Asia (17), or Tropical Asia (14), or Australasia (19), or Pacific (15), or North America (96), or South America (289), or Antarctica (1).
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of single, paired, digitate or scattered racemes, the spikelets single and abaxial or paired, on a flat rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets plano-convex, orbicular to ovate.
    Glume
    Inferior glume absent, or rarely represented by a tiny scale.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma coriaceous to crustaceous, smooth or finely striate, usually obtuse. Inferior lemma awnless.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, linear to narrowly lanceolate; ligule short, membranous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes, these digitate or borne upon an elongated central axis, rarely solitary; rhachis flat, narrow or broadly winged, bearing single or paired spikelets, their lower glume abaxial
    Spikelets
    Spikelets orbicular to oblong, mostly plano-convex; lower glume suppressed, rarely represented by a little scale; upper glume membranous, as long as the spikelet, rarely shorter or absent; lower floret barren, without a palea, its lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma coriaceous to crustaceous, usually obtuse, its margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea; upper palea obtuse, sometimes acute but not reflexed
    Fruits
    Caryopsis plano-convex.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (1). Culms erect (1/1); 50-67.5-80 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades stiff (1), or firm (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes single, or borne along a central axis (1); linear (1), or oblong (1); unilateral. Rhachis broadly winged; membranous (1), or herbaceous (1); not appreciably folded (1), or folded longitudinally to embrace spikelets (1). Spikelet packing crowded; 4 -rowed. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3.735-4.821-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3.735-4.821-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet (1), or reaching apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong (1), or ovate (1); membranous; without keels; 1-5 -veined (1), or 9 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins without ribs (1), or ribbed (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1). Upper glume oblong (1), or obovate (1); chartaceous (1), or coriaceous (1); without keels; 9-11 -veined (1), or 13-15 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex entire (1), or dentate (1); 7 -fid (1/1); truncate (1), or obtuse (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; coriaceous; 5 -veined (1), or 7-9 -veined (1); sulcate; obtuse (1), or acute (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (1). Palea of lower sterile floret becoming indurate on keels at maturity; wingless (1), or winged on keels (1). Fertile lemma elliptic (1), or ovate (1); indurate; without keel; 5 -veined (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (1), or punctate (1). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (1), or acute (1). Palea indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3 (1/1).
    Distribution
    South America.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (1), or perennial (21). Culms erect (19/21), or geniculately ascending (10/21), or decumbent (4/21), or rambling (1/21); robust (1/2), or slender (1/2); 10-66.69-200 cm long; without nodal roots (2/2), or rooting from lower nodes (2/2). Lateral branches lacking (3/4), or ample (1/4). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear (20), or lanceolate (6).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal (14), or terminal and axillary (8). Racemes single, or paired (2), or borne along a central axis (1); unilateral. Rhachis narrowly winged (9), or broadly winged (13); not appreciably folded (4), or folded longitudinally to embrace spikelets (18); terminating in a spikelet (2), or barren extension (20); extension flattened (20/20). Spikelet packing alternately adaxial and abaxial; 1 -rowed. Spikelets pectinate (20/20); in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled (21), or pedicelled (1); 2 in the cluster. Pedicels fused to internode; reduced to a stump (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong (4), or ovate (1); dorsally compressed; 0.9-2.937-5.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief (19), or square (3); pubescent (3/3).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong (4), or ovate (1); dorsally compressed; 0.9-2.937-5.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus brief (19), or square (3); pubescent (3/3).
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure (1), or one the lower absent or obscure (5), or two (18); shorter than spikelet (15/21), or reaching apex of florets (6/21); thinner than fertile lemma (21/21). Lower glume lanceolate (1/18), or ovate (8/18), or oblate (9/18); hyaline (14/18), or membranous (4/18); without keels (18/18); 0 -veined (16/17), or 1 -veined (5/17). Lower glume lateral veins absent (17/18), or distinct (1/18). Lower glume surface glabrous (17/18), or puberulous (1/18), or pubescent (1/18), or pilose (1/18). Lower glume apex truncate (5/17), or obtuse (5/17), or acute (7/17); muticous (18/18), or awned (1/18). Upper glume lanceolate (3/21), or elliptic (16/21), or ovate (1/21), or oblate (1/21); 1-1.05-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline (1/21), or membranous (12/21), or chartaceous (8/21); without keels (21/21); 0 -veined (1/20), or 1-2 -veined (3/20), or 3 -veined (2/20), or 4 -veined (1/20), or 5 -veined (11/20), or 6 -veined (2/20), or 7 -veined (4/20). Upper glume lateral veins without cross-veins (1/2), or transversely connected at apex (1/2), or with cross-veins (1/2). Upper glume surface smooth (20/21), or asperulous (1/21); glabrous (15/21), or pubescent (1/21), or pilose (9/21); with simple hairs (8/9), or tubercle-based hairs (1/9). Upper glume apex entire (19/21), or erose (1/21), or dentate (1/21); 2 -fid (1/1); emarginate (3/20), or truncate (2/20), or obtuse (3/20), or acute (13/20), or attenuate (1/20).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (16), or barren (6); with palea (18), or without significant palea (4). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (1), or elliptic (17), or oblong (11), or obovate (1); 1.2 length of fertile lemma; hyaline (2), or membranous (1), or chartaceous (3), or coriaceous (16); 3 -veined (1/6), or 4 -veined (3/6), or 5 -veined (2/6); without grooves (4), or sulcate (18), or readily splitting into two halves (15); obtuse (2/20), or acute (18/20). Palea of lower sterile floret hyaline (1/18), or membranous (1/18), or becoming indurate on flanks at maturity (16/18). Fertile lemma elliptic (20), or oblong (1), or ovate (2); coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined (1/1). Lemma surface smooth (4), or papillose (14), or striate (14), or punctate (1); without hair tufts (16), or with conspicuous apical hairs (6). Lemma margins involute; eciliate (20), or ciliolate (1), or ciliate (2). Lemma apex obtuse (1), or acute (21); without ornament (16), or pubescent (6). Palea coriaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (16/16); fleshy (16/16); truncate (16/16). Anthers 2 (1/18), or 3 (17/18).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis ellipsoid (1/1). Embryo 0.4-0.45-0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear (1/1).
    Distribution
    North America (1), or South America.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms decumbent (2/2); 10-20.83-40 cm long; rooting from lower nodes (1/1). Culm-internodes elliptical in section (2/2). Ligule a fringe of hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted (2), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Racemes single (1), or paired (1), or digitate (2), or borne along a central axis (1); ascending (1), or spreading (2); unilateral. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing abaxial. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (2); dorsally compressed; 1.5-4.633-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (2); dorsally compressed; 1.5-4.633-6 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (1), or ovate (2); membranous; 3 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (1); obtuse. Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or ovate (2); cartilaginous; without keel; 3 -veined (1/1). Lemma apex acute, or acuminate. Palea separating from lemma above; 0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Distribution
    North America (1), or South America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Ascension, Austria, Azores, Bismarck Archipelago, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Chagos Archipelago, Chatham Is., Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Cook Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Fiji, France, Greece, Hawaii, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kermadec Is., Krym, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Maldives, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Morocco, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, North Caucasus, Oman, Palestine, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Santa Cruz Is., Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Spain, St.Helena, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Victoria, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia

    Paspalum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [6523], Brazil K001102672
    Hinton, G.B. [13106], Michoacán K000476148
    Hinton, G.B. [13106], Michoacán K000476149
    Hinton, G.B. [12148], Michoacán K000476150
    Hinton, G.B. [12148], Michoacán K000476151
    Hinton, G.B. [7388b], México State K000476152
    Hinton, G.B. [6657], Guerrero K000476153
    Hinton, G.B. [6657], Guerrero K000476154
    Hinton, G.B. [9285a], Guerrero K000476155
    Hinton, G.B. [6547], México State K000476156
    Hinton, G.B. [6547], México State K000476157
    Hatschbach, G. [22827], Brazil K001102662
    Hatschbach, G. [77329], Brazil K001102663
    Hatschbach, G. [77721], Brazil K001102664
    Hatschbach, G. [23523], Brazil K001102666
    Hatschbach, G. [39388], Brazil K001102667
    Hatschbach, G. [36088], Brazil K001102669
    Hatschbach, G. [58676], Brazil K001102676
    Hatschbach, G. [60277], Brazil K001102679
    Hatschbach, G. [58615], Brazil K001102680
    Hatschbach, G. [56320], Brazil K001102681
    Hatschbach, G. [77533], Brazil K001102683
    Carvalho, A.M. [3874], Brazil K001102682
    Irwin, H.S. [7648], Brazil K001102677
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [8989], Brazil K001102654
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6038], Brazil K001102655
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6049], Brazil K001102656
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [9212], Brazil K001102657
    Calderon, C.E. [2715], Brazil K001102671
    Filgueiras, T.S. [1146], Brazil K001102668
    Kummrow, R. [1486], Brazil K001102665
    Kummrow, R. [1486], Brazil K001102675
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [1168], Brazil K001102658
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [1167], Brazil K001102659
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [1169], Brazil K001102661
    Dias-Melo, R. [280], Brazil K001102670
    Skvortzov, B. [93], Brazil K001102674
    Gardner [2977], Brazil K001102673
    Nascimento, H.T.S. [1146], Brazil K001102660
    Marmori, G.C. [3923], Paraguay K001102678

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 855 (1759)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 568 (1919).
    • Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 855 (1759)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 855 (1759).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 855 (1759)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0