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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America, Macaronesia, Cameroon to Ethiopia and S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

[FTEA]

Lauraceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Mostly dioecious or polygamous trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, thin to coriaceous, glabrous or hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, hermaphrodite or unisexual in axillary or subterminal panicles Male flowers: similar but ovary sterile, stalk-like or lacking Female flowers: as in hermaphrodite flowers but stamens rudimentary, barren Hermaphrodite flowers: stamens in 3 or 4 whorls, the outer 3 fertile the inner if present reduced to slender staminodes; anthers 4-thecous, introrse in two outer whorls, ± extrorse in third whorl; filaments very short or lacking, those of third whorl with a sessile or very rarely stipitate gland at each side at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth with or without a tube; lobes 6 or 8, equal, usually deciduous
sex Hermaphrodite
Hermaphrodite flowers: stamens in 3 or 4 whorls, the outer 3 fertile the inner if present reduced to slender staminodes; anthers 4-thecous, introrse in two outer whorls, ± extrorse in third whorl; filaments very short or lacking, those of third whorl with a sessile or very rarely stipitate gland at each side at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, ellipsoid or subglobose, longer or shorter than the style, usually glabrous
sex Male
Male flowers: similar but ovary sterile, stalk-like or lacking
sex Female
Female flowers: as in hermaphrodite flowers but stamens rudimentary, barren
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits ellipsoid or globose, seated to enclosed in an enlarged cupular receptacle which is truncate or 6-toothed or 6-lobed from the persistent perianth-lobes.

[FZ]

Lauraceae, B.L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen trees or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, rarely sub-opposite, simple, pinnately-nerved, sometimes also 3-nerved near the base, membranous to coriaceous, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of cymules arranged in axillary or subterminal panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 6, subequal, usually spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: similar but ovary sterile, stalk-like or lacking. Hermaphrodite flowers: fertile stamens 9 in 3 whorls adnate to the tepals, those of the third whorl with lateral glandular appendages at the base, filaments short; staminodes 3 in a fourth (innermost) whorl situated on the receptacle; ovary ovoid, usually glabrous. Female flowers: as in hermaphrodite flowers but stamens rudimentary. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual; receptacle broadly obconic, enlarging in fruit to form a truncate or 6-lobed cupule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, partially enveloped by the accrescent receptacle and acorn-like in appearance in some species.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central American Pac, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Réunion, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Vietnam

Ocotea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2014 Matuda, E. [5140], Chiapas K001057499
Jan 1, 2014 Matuda, E. [5140], Chiapas K001057498 isotype
McWhirter, J. [230] 31877.000
Peru 46263.000
Pennington, R.T. [176], Bolivia 54695.000
Pennington, T.D. [14114], Ecuador 57101.000
Pennington, T.D. [14106], Ecuador 57106.000
Pennington, T.D. [13918], Ecuador 57111.000
Pennington, T.D. [14089], Ecuador 57115.000
Pennington, T.D. [14144], Ecuador 57127.000
Pennington, T.D. [14024], Ecuador 58722.000
Pennington, T.D. [14113], Ecuador 58756.000
Pennington, T.D. [13929], Ecuador 58760.000
Pennington, T.D. [14120], Ecuador 58761.000
Pennington, T.D. [13929], Ecuador 58764.000
Thomas, D.W. [10456], Cameroon K000518991

First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane: 780 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bentham & Hooker f., Gen. Pl. 3: 157 (1880).
  • Hist. Pl. Guiane Fr. 2: 780 (1775).
  • Rohwer in Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 20: 1–278 (1986).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hist. Pl. Guiane Fr.: 780 (1775)
  • Rohwer in Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamb. 20:1-278 (1986)
  • in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen.Vasc. Pl. 2: 382 (1993)

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0