1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Calanthe R.Br.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific, Mexico to Colombia, Caribbean.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Large or medium-sized terrestrial or rarely epiphytic herbs
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs ovoid, conical or cylindrical, leafy and often obscure, 1–several-noded
    Leaves
    Leaves plicate, petiolate, ± jointed, deciduous or persistent, often very large
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences basal, erect, racemose, laxly to densely few–many-flowered, ± pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers often showy and large
    Calyx
    Sepals subsimilar
    Corolla
    Petals mostly smaller
    Labellum
    Lip mostly 3-lobed, rarely entire, fused at base to column, spurred at base; callus often verrucose or cristate at base of lip
    Column
    Column short, fleshy; pollinia 8, clavate; viscidium elliptic or lanceolate; rostellum bifid.
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Large or medium-sized terrestrial herb; pseudobulbs leafy and often obscure, with 1 to several nodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves deciduous or persistent, petiolate, plicate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, racemose, few to many-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually large and showy; tepals spreading; lip fused to the column at base, usually 3-lobed, spurred, often with a warty callus at the base.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Calanthe R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2001 Johns, R.J. [10328], Indonesia 72528.000
    Williamson, G. [863], Zambia 34437.000
    Milliken, W. [1424], Indonesia 60023.000
    Cheek, M. [5372], Cameroon 77436.000
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132583
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132582

    First published in Bot. Reg. 7: t. 573 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, D. & Cribb, P. (2013). The Genus Calanthe: 1-411. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.
    • Kurzweil, H. (2010). A precursory study of the Calanthe group (Orchidaceae) in Thailand Adansonia, III, 32: 57-107.
    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 45. Nom. cons.
    • in Edw., Bot. Reg- t. 573 (1821)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Rolfe in F.T.A. 7: 45 (1897).
    • in Bot. Reg. 7, t. 573 (1821) nom conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Seidenf. in Dansk Bot. Arkiv 29 (2): 9 (1975), nom. conserv.
    • Schltr. in F.R., Beih. 1: 376 (1912)
    • Rolfe in F.T.A. 7: 45 (1897)
    • in Bot. Reg. 7, t. 573 (1821)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0