1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Stachys L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.


    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Stachys, Y.B. Harvey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Perennial scandent or erect herbs, seldom aromatic, with an indumentum of simple, biramous, dendroid or stellate hairs
    Stems quadrangular or roundedquadrangular, sometimes armed with prickles
    Leaves opposite, distichous or decussate, petiolate or sessile
    Inflorescences lax, with verticils variously 2–12(–16)flowered; bracts similar to cauline leaves, but smaller; bracteoles linear or subulate
    Calyx regularly 5-toothed, campanulate to funnel-shaped, 10-veined, not or enlarging only slightly in fruit
    Corolla white, pink, purplish or blue, 2-lipped; tube straight with annulus at midpoint; posterior lip flattened or slightly hooded; anterior lip with two small rounded lateral lobes and a large median lobe
    Stamens held under posterior lip adnating to just above mid-point of the tube; filaments sometimes pubescent; anthers 2-thecous, divaricate
    Disk equally 4-lobed
    Ovary deeply 4-lobed; style gynobasic, bifid, branches equal
    Nutlets ovoid, minutely tuberculate and rounded at apex, with a small basal scar.



    Doubtfully present in:


    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, Ascension, Bermuda, Easter Is., Galápagos, Hawaii, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Mali, Maryland, Mississippi, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., Nova Scotia, Puerto Rico, St.Helena, Tasmania, Tristan da Cunha, Windward Is.

    Stachys L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [1024], Ethiopia 35506.000
    Sebsebe, D. [2312], Ethiopia 54597.000
    Balansa, B. [2927], Vietnam K000853945
    Balansa, B. [2928], Vietnam K000853946
    Smiles, H.H. [s.n.], Thailand K000853944

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 580 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Krestovskaya, T. (2011). The critical review of species of the genus Stachys L. section Eriostemum Hoffmanns. et Link (Labiatae) Novosti Sistematiki Vysshikh Rastenii 42: 198-221.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 5: 465.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 223 (2004)
    • K.B. 51: 433–454 (1996)
    • K.B. 48: 327–341 (1993)
    • Norw. Journ. Bot. 18: 121–137 (1971)
    • N.B.G.B. 8: 625–646 (1923)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 253 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 580 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0