1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Nicotiana L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Namibia, Pacific, Southern America, Australasia and Northern America..

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Habit
    Herbs or shrubs to small trees, with varied indumentum, often viscid-glandular, rarely glabrous Herbs or shrubs to small trees, with varied indumentum, often viscid-glandular, rarely glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves solitary, alternate, the lower ones sometimes in a sparse rosette, petiolate or sessile, entire to sinuate, strongly aromatic; minor leaves often present as auricles or cauline stipule-like processes Leaves solitary, alternate, the lower ones sometimes in a sparse rosette, petiolate or sessile, entire to sinuate, strongly aromatic; minor leaves often present as auricles or cauline stipule-like processes.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes few–many-flowered, terminal, paniculiform with distinct central axis, sometimes unilateral, pseudoracemiform, bracteate or ebracteate, rarely reduced to one flower; pedicels bracteolate or not, articulated at the base or not Cymes few–many-flowered, terminal, paniculiform with distinct central axis, sometimes unilateral, pseudoracemiform, bracteate or ebracteate, rarely reduced to one flower; pedicels bracteolate or not, articulated at the base or not.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic or somewhat zygomorphic, fragrant or scentless at dusk Flowers actinomorphic or somewhat zygomorphic, fragrant or scentless at dusk.
    Calyx
    Calyx commonly much shorter than the corolla tube, ovoid to tubular, sometimes campanulate or cupular, 5-lobed, the lobes shorter than the tube, with valvate aestivation; in fruit usually somewhat enlarged, enclosing it or not Calyx commonly much shorter than the corolla tube, ovoid to tubular, sometimes campanulate or cupular, 5-lobed, the lobes shorter than the tube, with valvate aestivation; in fruit usually somewhat enlarged, enclosing it or not.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or variously coloured, greenish, yellow, pink, red or purplish, tubular, infundibuliform or salviform, sometimes campanulate; tubular part often flared into a wider throat; limb shorter than the tube, plicate, erect, spreading or recurving, 5-cleft to ± entire, the lobes with contorted-plicate or rarely imbricate aestivation Corolla white or variously coloured, greenish, yellow, pink, red or purplish, tubular, infundibuliform or salviform, sometimes campanulate; tubular part often flared into a wider throat; limb shorter than the tube, plicate, erect, spreading or recurving, 5-cleft to ± entire, the lobes with contorted-plicate or rarely imbricate aestivation.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, ± equal or unequal, sometimes one shorter than the other 4, variously inserted at the same or sometimes different heights in the corolla tube, commonly in the basal half, included or elsewhere sometimes exserted; filaments subulate, often from a flat expanded base, often pubescent, sometimes geniculate where adhering to the corolla; anthers attached on the lower part of the back or at the base between the thecae, very shortly ovate to elliptic in outline, the thecae separated from each other by one third to even half their length, dehiscing by longitudinal slits Stamens 5, ± equal or unequal, sometimes one shorter than the other 4, variously inserted at the same or sometimes different heights in the corolla tube, commonly in the basal half, included or elsewhere sometimes exserted; filaments subulate, often from a flat expanded base, often pubescent, sometimes geniculate where adhering to the corolla; anthers attached on the lower part of the back or at the base between the thecae, very shortly ovate to elliptic in outline, the thecae separated from each other by one third to even half their length, dehiscing by longitudinal slits.
    Disc
    Disk thick, annular, deeply lobed to almost truncate, adnate or joined to the basal part of the ovary, to thin and ± inconspicuous Disk thick, annular, deeply lobed to almost truncate, adnate or joined to the basal part of the ovary, to thin and ± inconspicuous.
    Ovary
    Ovary sessile, ovoid or ± conical, 2(or rarely 4 to many)-locular; ovules numerous in each locule on somewhat proliferated placentas, adnate to the dorsal line of the dissepiment(s), anatropous.
    Style
    Style slender.
    Stigma
    Stigma minute to dilated, capitate, saucer-shaped, slightly grooved or obscurely 2-lobed at the tip, included or sometimes exserted but rarely so in the Flora Zambesiaca area
    Distribution
    A genus of about 67 species widely distributed in warm temperate regions of both hemispheres, mostly centred in America, mainly in Andean South America and Mexico, with several species in Australia and South Pacific Islands, and one (Nicotiana africana Me
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, ovoid or ± conical, 2(or rarely 4 to many)-locular; ovules numerous in each locule on somewhat proliferated placentas, adnate to the dorsal line of the dissepiment(s), anatropous; style slender; stigma minute to dilated, capitate, saucer-shaped, slightly grooved or obscurely 2-lobed at the tip, included or sometimes exserted but rarely so in the Flora Zambesiaca area.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, membranous to slightly woody, 2(or rarely 4)-locular, retaining the loose placentas, apically dehiscent by 2 rather long, septicidal slits, the 2 dry valves often 2-fid (or sometimes the capsule 4–many-valved). Fruit capsular, membranous to slightly woody, 2(or rarely 4)-locular, retaining the loose placentas, apically dehiscent by 2 rather long, septicidal slits, the 2 dry valves often 2-fid (or sometimes the capsule 4–many-valved)
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, small or minute, scarcely compressed, globose to ellipsoid, sometimes oblong, ± prismatic or subreniform; testa somewhat leathery, honeycombed- or fluted-reticulate, sometimes obscurely wrinkled-reticulate or -pitted; embryo subterete, ± straight or slightly curved (or elsewhere rarely arcuate) in the axis of the endosperm; cotyledons short, usually one-third to one-quarter the embryo, semi-terete or subclavate. Seeds numerous, small or minute, scarcely compressed, globose to ellipsoid, sometimes oblong, ± prismatic or subreniform; testa somewhat leathery, honeycombed- or fluted-reticulate, sometimes obscurely wrinkled-reticulate or -pitted; embryo subterete, ± straight or slightly curved (or elsewhere rarely arcuate) in the axis of the endosperm; cotyledons short, usually one-third to one-quarter the embryo, semi-terete or subclavate
    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Habit
    Annual to perennial herbs, rarely shrubs or trees
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, solitary or alternate, exstipulate, with petioles often winged
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal manyflowered bracteate panicles or racemes, rarely solitary-flowered; flowers actinomorphic or zygomorphic, often opening at night, some nocturnally fragrant, pedicellate; pedicels erect to recurved. Calyx tubular, campanulate or ovoid, shorter than the corolla, with five equal or unequal lobes, persistent and usually enlarged in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular, tube cylindrical below, ampliate and becoming infundibuliform, salverform, hypocrateriform or urceolate above, with short, induplicate lobes, usually spreading after anthesis
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, equal or subequal (when either in two groups where 4 are equal with one one shorter or more rarely longer, or in a 2+2+1 grouping), included or exserted; filaments joined below middle of corolla tube but at varying levels when the stamens are unequal, cylindrical or enlarged and geniculate at point of fusion, glabrous to pilose; anthers ovoid, obovoid, elliptic or globose, sides sometimes parallel, medifixed, visible in throat of corolla
    Ovary
    Ovary usually sessile, glabrous, 2-locular, rarely 4-locular, ovules numerous; disc prominent, annular or cupulate; style filiform, glabrous, often exserted; stigma capitate, bilobed, visible in corolla throat
    Fruits
    Fruit septicidal and loculicidal capsules, dehiscing by two smooth, glabrous valves which split into two
    Seeds
    Seeds minute, alveolate-reticulate, angular, elliptic, ovoid, globose or discoid, numerous (up to 400/capsule)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colorado, Cuba, Ecuador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Juan Fernández Is., Marquesas, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Montana, Namibia, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New South Wales, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Paraguay, Peru, Queensland, South Australia, Texas, Tonga, Uruguay, Victoria, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Easter Is., Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Free State, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Nicotiana L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Andrade, K. [234], Brazil K001073333
    Andrade, K. [234], Brazil K001073334
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132454
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132455
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132456

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 180 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Goodspeed, The Genus Nicotiana (1954).
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 259
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Hunziker, Gen. Solanacearum: 49 (2001).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 84 (1754).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 84 (1754).
    • Nicotiana L., Sp. Pl.: 180 (1753)
    • Sp. Pl.: 180 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Solanaceae: 49–53 (2001)
    • Japan Tobacco Inc., Nicotiana Illustrated: 1–293 (1994);
    • Journ. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 3: 1–56 (1981);
    • Chron. Bot. 16: 1–536 (1954);
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 84 (1754);
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 180 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0