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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Old World, N. & Central America.


Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

As for the family description but the lower petals (lower in the resupinate flower) always united into lateral pairs, the lateral united petals, and the fruit a fleshy, explosive, loculicidal capsule.


Balsaminaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes shrubby; stems usually succulent, rarely woody, glabrous or pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves verticillate or opposite or spirally arranged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and or of terminal simple racemes or pseudumbels or fascicles, or the flowers solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sometimes cleistogamous (rarely both cleistogamous and normal ones in the same inflorescence), pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals, petals and sexual organs as for the family.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit glabrous or pilose or sometimes tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds smooth or tuberculate or rugose, glabrous or pilose.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Chagos Archipelago, Colombia, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Madeira, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, Oman, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., St.Helena, Tasmania, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Victoria, Windward Is.

Impatiens Riv. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Taylor, P. [18105], India 55972.000
Taylor, P. [18207], India 55973.000
Taylor, P. [18026], India 55974.000
Taylor, P. [18029], India 55975.000
Tweedie, E.M. [473], Kenya 11807.000
Tweedie, E.M. [527], Kenya 8910.000
Tweedie, E.M. [473], Kenya 8914.000
Dawkins, H.C. [781], Uganda 8913.000
Wild, H. [2906], Mozambique 11808.000
Troupin, G. [2977], Congo, DRC 11803.000
Troupin, G. [2608], Rwanda 8912.000
Bullock, A.A. [3991], Tanzania 11806.000
Melville, R. [501], Equatorial Guinea 35219.000
Purseglove, J.W. [3590], Uganda 11804.000
Purseglove, J.W. [3312], Uganda 11805.000
Purseglove, J.W. [3591], Uganda 16023.000
Polhill, R. [1655], Tanzania 3729.000
Dawkins, H. [767], Uganda 8911.000
Hunt, P.F. [3044], Solomon Is. 7531.000
Hunt, P.F. [2317], Solomon Is. 7532.000
Cribb, P.J. [65], Malaysia 55063.000
Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 367], China 70725.000
Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 186], China 70732.000
Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 285], China 70736.000
Cribb, P., Indonesia 55064.000
Cribb, P., Indonesia 55065.000
Cribb, P., Indonesia 55066.000
Cribb, P., Indonesia 55067.000
Dupuy, D.J. [M776], Madagascar 71588.000
Dupuy, D.J. [M772], Madagascar 71590.000
Dupuy, D.J. [M811], Madagascar 71591.000
Dupuy, D.J. [M859], Madagascar 71592.000
de Leyser, E.A., Tanzania 57951.000
Cable, S. [3005], Cameroon K000337769
Luo Yi-bo, China 62164.000
HNK [2918], Vietnam 77517.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 937 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (2018). DOI: epublication.
  • Dessai, J.R.N. & Janarthanam, M.K. (2011). The genus Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in the northern and parts of central Western Ghats Rheedea 21: 23-80.
  • Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A checklist of the genus Impatiens L. (Balsaminaceae) for Sikkim state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 205-215.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 43: 97–128 (1909).
  • Warburg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 22: 46–53 (1895)
  • —F.T.A. 1: 298

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 403 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl.: 2: 937 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Grey-Wilson, Impatiens of Africa (1980)
  • Gilg in E.J. 43: 97 (1909)
  • Warb. in E.J. 22: 46 (1895)
  • Warb. & Reiche in E. & P. Pf. III .5: 383 (1895)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 403 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 937 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.