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  1. Family: Balsaminaceae A.Rich.
    1. Impatiens Riv. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Old World, N. & Central America.


    Balsaminaceae, C. Grey-wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    As for the family description but the lower petals (lower in the resupinate flower) always united into lateral pairs, the lateral united petals, and the fruit a fleshy, explosive, loculicidal capsule.

    Balsaminaceae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes shrubby; stems usually succulent, rarely woody, glabrous or pilose.
    Leaves verticillate or opposite or spirally arranged.
    Inflorescences axillary and or of terminal simple racemes or pseudumbels or fascicles, or the flowers solitary.
    Flowers sometimes cleistogamous (rarely both cleistogamous and normal ones in the same inflorescence), pedicellate.
    Sepals, petals and sexual organs as for the family.
    Fruit glabrous or pilose or sometimes tomentose.
    Seeds smooth or tuberculate or rugose, glabrous or pilose.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Chagos Archipelago, Colombia, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Madeira, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niue, Oman, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., St.Helena, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Impatiens Riv. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Taylor, P. [18105], India 55972.000
    Taylor, P. [18207], India 55973.000
    Taylor, P. [18026], India 55974.000
    Taylor, P. [18029], India 55975.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [473], Kenya 11807.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [527], Kenya 8910.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [473], Kenya 8914.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [781], Uganda 8913.000
    Wild, H. [2906], Mozambique 11808.000
    Troupin, G. [2977], Congo, DRC 11803.000
    Troupin, G. [2608], Rwanda 8912.000
    Bullock, A.A. [3991], Tanzania 11806.000
    Melville, R. [501], Equatorial Guinea 35219.000
    Purseglove, J.W. [3590], Uganda 11804.000
    Purseglove, J.W. [3312], Uganda 11805.000
    Purseglove, J.W. [3591], Uganda 16023.000
    Polhill, R. [1655], Tanzania 3729.000
    Dawkins, H. [767], Uganda 8911.000
    Hunt, P.F. [3044], Solomon Is. 7531.000
    Hunt, P.F. [2317], Solomon Is. 7532.000
    Cribb, P.J. [65], Malaysia 55063.000
    Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 367], China 70725.000
    Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 186], China 70732.000
    Cribb, P.J. [ASBK 285], China 70736.000
    Cribb, P., Indonesia 55064.000
    Cribb, P., Indonesia 55065.000
    Cribb, P., Indonesia 55066.000
    Cribb, P., Indonesia 55067.000
    Dupuy, D.J. [M776], Madagascar 71588.000
    Dupuy, D.J. [M772], Madagascar 71590.000
    Dupuy, D.J. [M811], Madagascar 71591.000
    Dupuy, D.J. [M859], Madagascar 71592.000
    de Leyser, E.A., Tanzania 57951.000
    Cable, S. [3005], Cameroon K000337769
    Luo Yi-bo, China 62164.000
    HNK [2918], Vietnam 77517.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 937 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • (2018). DOI: epublication.
    • Dessai, J.R.N. & Janarthanam, M.K. (2011). The genus Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in the northern and parts of central Western Ghats Rheedea 21: 23-80.
    • Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A checklist of the genus Impatiens L. (Balsaminaceae) for Sikkim state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 205-215.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 43: 97–128 (1909).
    • Warburg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 22: 46–53 (1895)
    • —F.T.A. 1: 298

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 403 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 2: 937 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Grey-Wilson, Impatiens of Africa (1980)
    • Gilg in E.J. 43: 97 (1909)
    • Warb. in E.J. 22: 46 (1895)
    • Warb. & Reiche in E. & P. Pf. III .5: 383 (1895)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 403 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 937 (1753)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.