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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Aeollanthus C.Mart. ex Spreng.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.


    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Usually succulent subshrubs or herbs, often geoxylic, aromatic
    Leaves simple, opposite, rarely ternate or sometimes scattered
    Inflorescence thyrsoid, with cymes variously arranged, sessile, 1-flowered, appearing like paniculately arranged spike-like racemes
    Bracts usually inconspicuous, sometimes with an abaxial glandular structure
    Calyx tubular at base, distally dorsiventrally flattened, ± straight, 2-lipped, 5- or 2-lobed (3/2 or 1/1), lobes unequal, posterior 3-toothed or truncate, apex sometimes folded over anterior lip, anterior 2-toothed or truncate, lips pressed together, cir
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (4/1), white, pink or blue, posterior lip erect or ascending, 4-lobed with median lobes exceeding lateral, horizontal and concave or sometimes hooded and becoming reflexed to explosively release the stamens, corolla-tube
    Stamens 4, free, held over or within anterior lip of corolla, glabrous
    Stigma lobes equal, subulate
    Disc 4-lobed with anterior lobe larger
    Nutlets elliptic or ovoid, mucilaginous.
    Just over 40 species in tropical Africa. 2n = 34 (36).
    Usually on rocks or thin soil.
    Native to West Tropical Africa, West-Central Tropical Africa, Northeast Tropical Africa, East Tropical Africa, South Tropical Africa, Southern Africa

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Annual and perennial herbs or subshrubs, ± fragrant or odoriferous
    Leaves opposite, scattered or apparently alternate, ± fleshy, simple, crenate, dentate, pinnatifid or entire, ± hairy with unbranched eglandular and glandular hairs and colourless sessile glands
    Inflorescences spike-like, terminal; spikes mostly one-sided, often all-sided on the main axis, sometimes also all-sided on the lateral branches, with fertile bracts supporting the flowers and often also with sterile bracts; bracts usually much smaller and distinct from the leaves, often with a glandular dot on the abaxial side near the apex, often ± purplish to violet
    Calyx subequally 5-lobed or distinctly 2lipped at anthesis, closed and distinctly 2-lipped after anthesis, circumscissile; posterior lip 3-lobed or truncate; anterior lip 2-lobed or truncate; basal part persistent, usually much shorter than the deciduous apical part, orbicular or zygomorphic (when seen from above), flattened above or cupular
    Corolla 2-lipped, violet, purple, mauve, pink or white; posterior lip flat or almost so, 4-lobed or sometimes apparently entire or 2–3lobed, usually with darker vertical markings; anterior lip boat-shaped or sometimes flat or arched, entire or lobed
    Stamens 4, free and adjacent at the base, ± as long as the anterior lip of the corolla or sometimes shorter; attached to the corolla at the corolla throat and the base of the anterior lip
    Ovary deeply 4-lobed; style gynobasic, bifid with equal lobes
    Nutlets ovoid to suborbicuolar, apically rounded, flattened at the two proximal sides, glabrous, mucilaginous when wetted.
    Kenya, 1939 m, Höhnel 87 or Höhnel s.n. (B†, holo.) Aeollanthus ndorensis Schweinf. in Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 362 (1892), nom. nud.; Schweinf. in L. Höhn., Rudolph-Stephanie-See: 857 (1892); Baker in F.T.A. 5: 398 (1900). Type: Kenya, North Nyeri District: Ndoro on the western slope of Mt Aeollanthus livingstonei C.Koch in Wochenschrift für Gärtnerei und Pflanzenkunde, 3: 183 (1860). Type not known. Type specimens of the following names have not been seen despite an extensive search. Ryding loc. cit. (1986) suggests that these names do not refer to species of Aeollanthus. See Ryding loc. cit. (1986) for complete synonymy.



    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Aeollanthus C.Mart. ex Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dawkins, H.C. [635], Uganda 2722.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2538], Tanzania 11385.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4389], Kenya 2723.000
    Ash [1040], Ethiopia 35518.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [B. 13538], Kenya 35922.000
    Polhill, R. [1286], Tanzania 23359.000
    Eyles, F. [8428], Zimbabwe 2721.000
    Richards, H. [406], Zambia 2724.000
    Kassner, T. [2794], Congo, DRC K000405734


    First published in Syst. Veg. 2: 678 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 5: 388.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Symb. Bot. Upsal. 26, 1: 1–152 (1986)
    • Nordic J. Bot. 2: 219–229 (1982)
    • Nordic J. Bot. 1: 154–164 (1981)
    • Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 32: 45–48 (1972)
    • Syst. Veg. 2: 678 (1825)

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Ryding, Symb. Bot. Ups. 26, 1 (1986), rev.
    • Bovonia Chiov., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 29: 114 (1922 publ. 1923).
    • Oxyotis Welw. ex Baker in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 395 (1900).
    • Icomum Hua, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 3: 329 (1897).
    • Aeollanthus Mart. ex Spreng. Syst. Veg. 2: 750 (1825)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew