1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Diospyros L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White and B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or in a few cases suffrutices
    Leaves
    Leaves nearly always alternate, entire or obscurely crenulate
    Flowers
    Flowers usually in cymes or fascicles or solitary, unisexual the ♀ usually larger than the ♂ Male flowers: stamens 2-100 or more, included or exserted, solitary or united in pairs or groups, free from or adnate to the corolla-tube; anthers dehiscent by means of longitudinal slits (in the Flora area); rudimentary ovary absent or well developed; disk well developed or not, often fimbriate Female flowers: ovary globular, ovoid or conical, of 3-8 carpels, glabrous or hairy; carpels completely or incompletely partitioned; styles usually partly free, more rarely completely fused; stigma usually dilated and fleshy; staminodes variable, absent to well developed
    Calyx
    Calyx very variable, 3-8-lobed or entire and cupuliform, usually accrescent in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla 3-8-lobed, very variable
    Male
    Male flowers: stamens 2-100 or more, included or exserted, solitary or united in pairs or groups, free from or adnate to the corolla-tube; anthers dehiscent by means of longitudinal slits (in the Flora area); rudimentary ovary absent or well developed; disk well developed or not, often fimbriate
    Female
    Female flowers: ovary globular, ovoid or conical, of 3-8 carpels, glabrous or hairy; carpels completely or incompletely partitioned; styles usually partly free, more rarely completely fused; stigma usually dilated and fleshy; staminodes variable, absent to well developed
    Fruits
    Fruits usually 1-several-seeded berries
    Seeds
    Seeds mostly ellipsoid or segment-shaped (like a 1/4 of an orange), rarely subglobose, with 2 radial lines leaving the summit; embryo straight or incurved in its own plane; radicle not encircled completely by an invagination of the testa.
    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or suffrutices.
    Leaves
    Leaves nearly always alternate, margin entire.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually cymose or fasciculate or reduced to a solitary flower.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, the female usually larger than the male.
    Calyx
    Calyx very variable, 3–8–Iobed or cup–shaped and entire, usually accrescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3–8–lobed, very variable.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2–100 or more, included or exserted, solitary or united in pairs or larger groups, adnate to corolla–tube or not; anthers (in our area) dehiscing by longitudinal slits.
    Disc
    Disk well–developed or not, sometimes fimbriate.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes variable, absent to well–developed.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, ovoid or conoidal, glabrous or hairy, 3–8 carpellary; carpels (except in section Ferrea) completely or incompletely septate.
    Pistil
    Styles usually at least partly free, rarely completely united; stigmata usually fleshy and expanded. Pistillode variable, absent to very well–developed.
    Fruits
    Fruit usually a 1· to many–seeded berry, rarely tardily dehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seed usually ellipsoid or shaped like a segment of an orange, very rarely subglobose, with 2 lines radiating from the apex; embryo straight or curved in its own plane, radicle not completely surrounded by an invagination of the testa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ohio, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Albania, Baleares, Bermuda, Bulgaria, France, Greece, Italy, Spain, St.Helena, Switzerland, Yugoslavia

    Diospyros L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [27149], Brazil 55635.000
    Harley, R.M. [27201], Brazil 55723.000
    Harley, R.M. [21130], Brazil 72703.000
    Jeffrey, C. [1144], Seychelles 40864.000
    Pennington, R.T. [362], Guyana 58936.000
    Jacobs, M. [5275], Malaysia 31302.000
    Jacobs, M. [5220], Malaysia 32038.000
    Harris, D.J. [2332], Central African Republic 60065.000
    Richardson, I. [4051], Mauritius 39946.000
    Richardson, I. [4171], Mauritius 50027.000
    Richardson, I. [4159], Mauritius 50219.000
    Richardson, I. [4013], Mauritius 50220.000
    Richardson, I. [4015], Mauritius 50674.000
    Richardson, I. [4168], Mauritius 50678.000
    Richardson, I. [4055], Mauritius 51290.000
    DuPuy, B. [MB 384], Madagascar 63556.000
    Sidyasa [PBU 504], Indonesia 63253.000
    Nooteboom, H.P. [5862], Indonesia 64427.000
    Patel, H. [7156], Mozambique K000545127
    Patel, H. [7157], Mozambique K000545128
    Patel, H. [7182], Mozambique K000545145
    Patel, H. [7210], Mozambique K000545171
    Patel, H. [7221], Mozambique K000545182
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 7535], India K001127455
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9449], Cameroon Rhaphidanthe 3384.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7461], Singapore Maba K001127363

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1057 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Wallnöfer, B. (2009). A revision of neotropical Diospyros (Ebenaceae): part 2 Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, B 110: 173-211.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • White in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 26: 237—246 (1956).
    • —F.T.A. 3: 517
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 478 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 1057 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 478 (1754)
    • sp Pl.: 1057 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/