1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Psychotria L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Mostly shrubs but less often trees, lianes or subshrubs, some even ± herbaceous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, frequently drying reddish-brown in colour, either with domatia or with bacterial nodules, the former mostly in the main nerve-axils but the latter either scattered throughout the lamina or variously restricted, sometimes only a very few at the base of the midrib beneath; less often neither domatia nor bacterial nodules are present; stipules either entire or variously fimbriated, usually deciduous; colleters present.
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly small, sessile or pedicellate, 4–5-merous, hermaphrodite, heterostylous, in terminal or axillary (in some American species) capitate or paniculate inflorescences; bracts and bracteoles small or large, variously placed, sometimes one bract subtending 2 or 3 flowers or only 1 flower or absent; often there is an involucre of bracts (sometimes large) and in some groups (particularly those previously considered to be worth recognising as Cephaelis) united and surrounding the whole inflorescence.
    Calyx
    Calyx limb usually a short tube with mostly minute or less often shortly linear or ovate lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube mostly shortly cylindric, hairy at the throat save in a few species; lobes always valvate, often thickened at the apex, sometimes with little projections which show as small horns in bud.
    Stamens
    Stamens with long filaments in short-styled flowers and shorter filaments in long-styled flowers, mostly inserted about the middle of the tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2 (rarely 3–4)-locular, each locule containing a single erect ovule; style filiform, long or short with 2 (rarely 3–4) linear stigmas; disk small, surrounding the base of the style.
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe, very often red or in bracteate species often blue or black, with 1 -2( rarely 3 or 4) pyrenes.
    Seeds
    Seeds mostly semi-ellipsoid with plane ventral face and convex dorsal face; testa usually reddish-brown; endosperm horny, entire, strongly ruminate or with a variously shaped median ventral fissure.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Mostly shrubs but less often trees, lianes or subshrubs, some even ± herbaceous
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, frequently drying reddish-brown in colour, either with domatia or with bacterial nodules the former mostly in the main nerve-axils but the latter either scattered throughout the lamina or variously restricted, sometimes only a very few at the base of the midrib beneath; less often neither domatia nor bacterial nodules are present; stipules either entire or variously fimbriated, usually deciduous; colleters present
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly small, sessile or pedicellate, 4–5-merous, hermaphrodite, heterostylous in terminal or axillary (in some American species) capitate or paniculate inflorescences; bracts and bracteoles small or large, variously placed, sometimes one bract subtending 2 or 3 flowers or only 1 flower or absent; often there is an involucre of bracts (sometimes large) and in some groups (particularly those previously considered to be worth recognising as Cephaelis) united and surrounding the whole inflorescence
    Calyx
    Calyx-limb usually a short tube with mostly minute or less often shortly linear or ovate lobes
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube mostly shortly cylindric, hairy at the throat save in a few species; lobes always valvate, often thickened at the apex, sometimes with little projections which show as small horns in bud
    Stamens
    Stamens with long filaments in short-styled flowers and shorter filaments in long-styled flowers, mostly inserted about the middle of the tube
    Pistil
    Ovary 2(rarely –3–4)-locular, each locule containing a single erect ovule; style filiform, long or short with 2 (rarely 3–4) linear stigmas; disc small, surrounding the base of the style
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe, very often red or in bracteate species often blue or black, with 1–2 (rarely 3 or 4) pyrenes
    Seeds
    Seeds mostly 1/2-ellipsoid with plane ventral face and convex dorsal face; testa usually reddish brown; endosperm horny, entire, strongly ruminate or with a variously shaped median ventral fissure.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Rodrigues

    Psychotria L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2017 Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8382], Myanmar K001125359
    Jan 1, 2017 Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8348 a], Malaysia K001125290
    Jan 1, 2011 Prance, G.T. [1529], Brazil K001200725
    Feb 1, 2009 Maurin, O. [131], Madagascar 77740.000
    Jan 1, 2009 Kollmann, L. [5853], Brazil K001200576
    Jan 1, 2008 Zapfack, L. [901], Cameroon K000437285
    Aug 1, 2007 Etuge, M. [4340], Cameroon K000025826
    Nov 14, 2002 Davis, A.P. [1053], Madagascar 62611.000
    Nov 14, 2002 Davis, A.P. [1135], Madagascar 62616.000
    Nov 13, 2002 Davis, A.P. [1130], Madagascar 62605.000
    Nov 13, 2002 Barhidi, A. [87056], Tanzania 62604.000
    Jan 1, 2002 Glaziou, A.F.M. [10934], Brazil K001200753
    Jan 11, 1985 Richards, H.M. [16728], Malawi K000318522
    Jan 11, 1985 Blackmore, S. [1480], Malawi K000318521
    May 1, 1974 Greenway, P.J. [11901], Tanzania K000318518
    Jan 1, 1961 Seemann, B. [304], Fiji K000777571 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2847], Zambia 35171.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1574], Tanzania 21993.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [37208], Nigeria 35225.000
    Gregory, H., Cameroon 22127.000
    Harley, R.M., Brazil 60222.000
    Wood, G.H.S. [614], Uganda 4721.000
    Tanner, R. [511], Tanzania 923.000
    Brenan [8518A], Nigeria 41504.000
    Trail, J.W.H. [432], Brazil K001200578
    Chapman, J.D. [8445], Malawi K000318519
    Chapman, J.D. [7349], Malawi K000318520
    Plowman, T. [12688], Brazil K001200590
    Edwards, P.J. [4052], New Guinea 70598.000
    Cheek, M. [5076], Cameroon K000085526
    Rico, L. [1318], Bolivia K000295140
    Rico, L. [1983], Dominican Republic K000478753
    Rico, L. [1986], Dominican Republic K000478759
    Maguire, B. [24905], Suriname K001212215
    McWhirter, J. [92], Madagascar 32207.000
    Starin, E.D. [8], Gambia 40493.000
    Mitchell [Cat. no. 8390] K001125371
    Reitz [9251], Brazil K001200588
    Maas, P.J. [12697], Brazil K001200730
    Lima, H.C. [2240], Brazil K001200746
    Carvalho, F.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001200535
    Souza, V.C. [32489], Brazil K001200717
    Queiroz, L.P. [5552], Brazil K001200539
    Davis, A.P. [557], Indonesia 59613.000
    Davis, A.P. [2184], Madagascar 61294.000
    Davis, A.P. [1047], Madagascar 61811.000
    Davis, A.P. [1014], Madagascar 61816.000
    Davis, A.P. [1046], Madagascar 61817.000
    Davis, A.P. [2599], Madagascar 62000.000
    Davis, A.P. [2603], Madagascar 62002.000
    Davis, A.P. [2258], Madagascar 63910.000
    Davis, A.P. [1084], Madagascar 71564.000
    Davis, A.P. [1092], Madagascar 71565.000
    Davis, A.P. [3081], Madagascar 76217.000
    Spruce, R. [4203+], Peru K000006627
    Hoehne [4502], Brazil K000005120
    Cavalcanti, T.B. [1817], Brazil K001200555
    Cavalcanti, T.B. [1100], Brazil K001200556
    Mello-Silva, R. [2447], Brazil K001200542
    Mello-Silva, R. [2449], Brazil K001200543
    Assis, M.C. [228], Brazil K001200554
    Assis, M.C. [101], Brazil K001200557
    Assis, M.C. [159], Brazil K001200558
    Assis, M.C. [96], Brazil K001200561
    Assis, M.C. [98], Brazil K001200562
    Assis, M.C. [160], Brazil K001200563
    Assis, M.C. [108], Brazil K001200564
    Assis, M.C. [152], Brazil K001200566
    Assis, M.C. [109], Brazil K001200569
    Assis, M.C. [241], Brazil K001200595
    Assis, M.C. [184], Brazil K001200712
    Assis, M.C. [192], Brazil K001200741
    Assis, M.C. [181], Brazil K001200743
    Irwin, H.S. [21462], Brazil K001200748
    Eiten, G. [5231], Brazil K001200727
    Eiten, G. [5242], Brazil K001200735
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001200579
    Silva, G.P. [1272], Brazil K001200739
    Silva, G.P. [1273], Brazil K001200740
    França, F. [2469], Brazil K001200541
    Walter, B.M.T. [2046], Brazil K001200559
    Walter, B.M.T. [2001], Brazil K001200568
    Walter, B.M.T. [798], Brazil K001200572
    Walter, B.M.T. [830], Brazil K001200573
    Bamps, P. [5347], Brazil K001200751
    Folli, D.A. [5889], Brazil K001200594
    Folli, D.A. [2520], Brazil K001200714
    Folli, D.A. [6075], Brazil K001200715
    Folli, D.A. [5698], Brazil K001200716
    Folli, D.A. [5892], Brazil K001200718
    Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001200583
    Farias, G.L. [284], Brazil K001200713
    Triono, T. [141], Indonesia 70087.000
    Costa, C.B. [347], Brazil K001200602
    Willis, F.R. [84], Indonesia 71476.000
    Willis, F.R. [90], Indonesia 72282.000
    Puradyatmika, P. [10440], New Guinea 70586.000
    Krukoff, B.A. [5989], Brazil K001200586
    Miers, J. [3187], Brazil K001200587
    Pollard, B.J. [556], Cameroon 76132.000
    Berg, C.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001200581
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8332], Singapore K001125263
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8338], Singapore K001125272
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8342], Singapore K001125277
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8355], Singapore K001125284
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8348], Singapore K001125291
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8368], Singapore K001125332
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8369] K001125333
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8371], Myanmar K001125337
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8372], Myanmar K001125338
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8373], Myanmar K001125339
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8375], Malaysia K001125341
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8376], Malaysia K001125342
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8381], Singapore K001125355
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8381], Singapore K001125356
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8382], Singapore K001125357
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8384] K001125363
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8384], Myanmar K001125364
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8385], Malaysia K001125365
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8387], Myanmar K001125367
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8389], Singapore K001125369
    Sonké, B. [1175], Cameroon K000436997
    Nakajima, J.N. [1500], Brazil K001200544
    Nunes, T.S. [225], Brazil K001200540
    Tchiengue, B. [2616], Cameroon 75953.000
    Silva, A.S. [261], Brazil K001200580
    Silva, A.S. [237], Brazil K001200582
    Silva, A.S. [252], Brazil K001200736
    Pires, M.J. [2025], Brazil K001200749
    Ehrendorfer, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200585
    Ehrendorfer, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200592
    Vásquez, R. [4729], Peru K001212214
    Forzza, R.C. [2782], Brazil K001200552
    Forzza, R.C. [5003], Brazil K001200644
    Forzza, R.C. [5077], Brazil K001200695
    Forzza, R.C. [2836], Brazil K001200719
    Reitz, P.R. [3868], Brazil K001200726
    Walter, B. [1059], Brazil K001200571
    Prance, G.T. [5029], Brazil K001200589
    Prance, G.T. [13463], Brazil K001200724
    Prance, G.T. [16348], Brazil K001200731
    Prance, G.T. [10587], Brazil K001200732
    Prance, G.T. [8226], Brazil K001200744
    Prance, G.T. [10307], Brazil K001200745
    Prance, G.T. [8322], Brazil K001200750
    Prance, G.T. [5402], Brazil K001200754
    Prance, G.T. [4869], Brazil K001200755
    Usteri, P.A. [110], Brazil K001200584
    Mathias, M.E. [5470], Peru K001200752
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8382], Myanmar K001125358
    Hill, S.R. [13111], Brazil K001200591
    Hill, S.R. [12790], Brazil K001200729
    Hill, S.R. [12782], Brazil K001200756
    Boudet Fernandes, H.Q. [1695], Brazil K001200608
    Kollmann, L. [7292], Brazil K001200575
    Kollmann, L. [7793], Brazil K001212230
    Kollmann, L. [899], Brazil K001200545
    Kollmann, L. [1787], Brazil K001200546
    Kollmann, L. [8409], Brazil K001200560
    Kollmann, L. [6351], Brazil K001200577
    Kollmann, L. [3982], Brazil K001200604
    Kollmann, L. [1085], Brazil K001200605
    Kollmann, L. [2033], Brazil K001200607
    Kollmann, L. [1099], Brazil K001200609
    Kollmann, L. [1461], Brazil K001200611
    Kollmann, L. [4172], Brazil K001200612
    Kollmann, L. [2040], Brazil K001200614
    Kollmann, L. [880], Brazil K001200615
    Kollmann, L. [827], Brazil K001200616
    Kollmann, L. [1911], Brazil K001200617
    Kollmann, L. [607], Brazil K001200620
    Kollmann, L. [1131], Brazil K001200621
    Kollmann, L. [1333], Brazil K001200624
    Kollmann, L. [1027], Brazil K001200625
    Kollmann, L. [2967], Brazil K001200629
    Kollmann, L. [340], Brazil K001200636
    Kollmann, L. [2133], Brazil K001200637
    Kollmann, L. [1634], Brazil K001200638
    Kollmann, L. [6382], Brazil K001200646
    Kollmann, L. [1627], Brazil K001200647
    Kollmann, L. [8308], Brazil K001200648
    Kollmann, L. [5948], Brazil K001200649
    Kollmann, L. [5897], Brazil K001200650
    Kollmann, L. [5949], Brazil K001200653
    Kollmann, L. [6606], Brazil K001200655
    Kollmann, L. [979], Brazil K001200658
    Kollmann, L. [5834], Brazil K001200659
    Kollmann, L. [6542], Brazil K001200660
    Kollmann, L. [1404], Brazil K001200661
    Kollmann, L. [1415], Brazil K001200664
    Kollmann, L. [758], Brazil K001200665
    Kollmann, L. [9516], Brazil K001200667
    Kollmann, L. [6330], Brazil K001200668
    Kollmann, L. [10409], Brazil K001200669
    Kollmann, L. [7594], Brazil K001200671
    Kollmann, L. [6864], Brazil K001200678
    Kollmann, L. [4557], Brazil K001200679
    Kollmann, L. [2064], Brazil K001200680
    Kollmann, L. [7484], Brazil K001200681
    Kollmann, L. [5065], Brazil K001200682
    Kollmann, L. [6076], Brazil K001200683
    Kollmann, L. [7986], Brazil K001200684
    Kollmann, L. [9298], Brazil K001200685
    Kollmann, L. [7494], Brazil K001200688
    Kollmann, L. [3818], Brazil K001200690
    Kollmann, L. [1808], Brazil K001200691
    Kollmann, L. [10642], Brazil K001200693
    Kollmann, L. [1360], Brazil K001200694
    Kollmann, L. [6749], Brazil K001200696
    Kollmann, L. [7500], Brazil K001200699
    Kollmann, L. [5740], Brazil K001200700
    Kollmann, L. [6762], Brazil K001200703
    Kollmann, L. [6259], Brazil K001200704
    Kollmann, L. [6537], Brazil K001200705
    Kollmann, L. [1754], Brazil K001200706
    Kollmann, L. [1261], Brazil K001200707
    Kollmann, L. [1047], Brazil K001200708
    Kollmann, L. [6021], Brazil K001200722
    Bausen, E. [95], Brazil K001200645
    Boone, W. [866], Brazil K001200613
    Boone, W. [302], Brazil K001200619
    Boone, W. [580], Brazil K001200622
    Boone, W. [1007], Brazil K001200640
    Boone, W. [985], Brazil K001200651
    Boone, W. [391], Brazil K001200662
    Boone, W. [827], Brazil K001200672
    Boone, W. [951], Brazil K001200686
    Boone, W. [492], Brazil K001200689
    Delprete, P.G. [10545], Brazil K001200747
    Lorenzoni, D. [3], Brazil K001200631
    Toledo, C.B. [174], Brazil K001200538
    Cardoso, D. [668], Brazil K001200601
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8337] K001125270
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8337] K001125271
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8339] K001125273
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8339] K001125274
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8340] K001125275
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8351], India K001125298
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8357], India K001125303
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8358], India K001125304
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8359], India K001125305
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8365] K001125329
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8367] K001125331
    Silva Neto, S.J. [1883], Brazil K001212216
    Silva Neto, S.J. [1622], Brazil K001200728
    Jack, W. [Cat. no. 8343], Malaysia K001125278
    Pizziolo [228], Brazil K001200676
    Zappi, D. [423], Brazil K001200656
    Zappi, D. [475], Brazil K001200720
    Zappi, D. [401], Brazil K001200721
    Ivanauskas, N.M. [131], Brazil K001200553
    Hoffmann, W.A. [58], Brazil K001200618
    Hoffmann, W.A. [61], Brazil K001200692
    Stancik, J.F. et al. [458], Brazil K000771421
    Calió, M.F.A. [81], Brazil K001200742
    Fraga, C.N. [3175], Brazil K001200593
    Santos, M.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200639
    Santos, M.F. [566], Brazil K001200710
    Bowie, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001200723
    Carvalho-Sobrinho, J.G. [1408], Brazil K001200534
    Carvalho-Sobrinho, J.G. [1497], Brazil K001200598
    Skorupa, L.A. [818], Brazil K001200537
    Ndam, N. [777], Cameroon K000085538
    Akogo, M. [17], Cameroon K000085529
    Nguembock, F. [32c], Cameroon K000085553
    Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [785], Cameroon K000085535
    Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [759], Cameroon K000085536
    Kwangue, A. [108], Cameroon K000085347
    Vieira, R.F. [1612], Brazil K001200565
    Vieira, R.F. [163], Brazil K001200567
    Vieira, R.F. [1746], Brazil K001200570
    Vieira, R.F. [1738], Brazil K001200574
    Fontana, A.P. [897], Brazil K001200652
    Fontana, A.P. [312], Brazil K001200674
    Fontana, A.P. [1027], Brazil K001200698
    Spruce [3334], Venezuela K001200733
    Spruce [3439], Venezuela K001200737
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1875], Brazil K001200549
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1834], Brazil K001200550
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1873], Brazil K001200606
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1672], Brazil K001200623
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2501], Brazil K001200628
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1635], Brazil K001200643
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1701], Brazil K001200666
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1681], Brazil K001200709
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132362
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132363
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132361
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8341] K001125276
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8345], India K001125280
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8346] K001125281
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8346] K001125285
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8352], India K001125299
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8356] K001125302
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125314
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125315
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125316
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125317
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8362] K001125318
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8362] K001125319
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125320
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125321
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125322
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125323
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125324
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363], India K001125325
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8366] K001125330
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125345
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125346
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125347
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125348
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8379], India K001125349
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8386] K001125366
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8388] K001125368
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8390] K001125370
    s.coll. [s.n.], Guyana K001200547
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001200675
    Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6639], Kenya K000696641
    Zartman, C.E. [7085], Brazil K001200597
    Zartman, C.E. [7111], Brazil K001200599
    Vervloet, R.R. [124], Brazil K001212210
    Vervloet, R.R. [533], Brazil K001200551
    Vervloet, R.R. [1449], Brazil K001200634
    Vervloet, R.R. [426], Brazil K001200635
    Vervloet, R.R. [1634], Brazil K001200687
    Noton, E. [Cat. no. 8350], India K001125297
    Noton, E. [Cat. no. 8377], India K001125343
    Noton, E. [Cat. no. 8377], India K001125344
    Spruce, R. [3214], Venezuela K001200734
    Spruce, R. [2640], Brazil K001200738
    Demuner, V. [436], Brazil K001212218
    Demuner, V. [4680], Brazil K001200548
    Demuner, V. [29], Brazil K001200610
    Demuner, V. [452], Brazil K001200626
    Demuner, V. [357], Brazil K001200630
    Demuner, V. [1444], Brazil K001200641
    Demuner, V. [1351], Brazil K001200642
    Britto, R.C. [181], Brazil K001200663
    Lopes, W.P. [688], Brazil K001200657
    Vimercat, J.M. [90], Brazil K001200632
    Vimercat, J.M. [281], Brazil K001200633
    Vimercat, J.M. [138], Brazil K001200677
    Vimercat, J.M. [285], Brazil K001200701
    Zartman, C. [6255], Brazil K001200596
    Zartman, C. [6185], Brazil K001200600
    Bassini, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200536
    Moraes, A.C. [73], Brazil K001200603
    Piziolo, W. [218], Brazil K001200627
    Piziolo, W. [131], Brazil K001200670
    Piziolo, W. [190], Brazil K001200702
    Krausem, V. [s.n.], Brazil K001200654
    Piziolo, R.M. [81], Brazil K001200673
    Pizziolo, R.M. [69], Brazil K001200697
    Cavalcanti, T.S. [1102], Brazil K001200711
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9106], Tanzania Uragoga 28488.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1839], Tanzania Uragoga 8583.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1594], Sudan Uragoga 946.000
    Davis, A.P. [2540], Madagascar Cremocarpon 61991.000
    Davis, A.P. [2577], Madagascar Cremocarpon 61997.000
    Davis, A.P. [2156], Madagascar Cremocarpon 63998.000
    Coode, M. [4877], Mauritius Psathura 34316.000
    Richardson, I. [4038], Mauritius Psathura 40023.000
    Davis, A.P. [1088], Madagascar Psathura 61800.000
    Davis, A.P. [2270], Madagascar Psathura 63906.000
    Davis, A.P. [2594], Madagascar Apomuria 64151.000
    Davis, A.P. [2524], Madagascar Mapouria 61985.000
    Davis, A.P. [2505], Madagascar Mapouria 61994.000
    Davis, A.P. [2211], Madagascar Mapouria 63721.000
    Davis, A.P. [2272], Madagascar Mapouria 63907.000
    Davis, A.P. [1051], Madagascar Mapouria 62450.000
    Davis, A.P. [1146], Madagascar Mapouria 62462.000
    Davis, A.P. [1072], Madagascar Mapouria 70122.000
    Davis, A.P. [2271], Madagascar Mapouria 70123.000
    Davis, A.P. [1062], Madagascar Mapouria 62469.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3951], Kenya Grumilea 5023.000
    Chancellor, R.J. [302], Uganda Grumilea 878.000
    White, F. [3126], Zambia Grumilea 12192.000

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 929 (1759)

    Accepted by

    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Ruhsam, M., Govaerts, R. & Davis, A.P. (2008). Nomenclatural changes in preparation for a World Rubiaceae Checklist Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 115-124.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Sohmer, S.H. & Davis, A.P. (2007). The genus Psychotria (Rubiaceae) in the Philippine Archipelago Sida, Botanical Miscellarry 37: 1-247.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 193. Nom. cons.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Steyerm. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard.23: 406 (1972) nom conserv.
    • Petit in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 36: 65–190 (1966).
    • Petit in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.34: 1–299 (1964)
    • Hiern in F.T.A.3: 193 (1877) pro parte.
    • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 929 (1759).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Steyerm. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 23: 406 (1972), nom. conserv.
    • Petit in B.J.B.B. 36: 65–190 (1966)
    • Petit in B.J.B.B. 34: 1–229 (1964)
    • Hiern in F.T.A. 3: 193 (1877), pro parte
    • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 929 (1759)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0