1. Family: Pittosporaceae R.Br.
    1. Pittosporum Banks ex Gaertn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, never climbing or spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually entire, sometimes undulate, rarely subserrate or shallowly lobed, glabrous or pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences usually variously paniculate or subracemose, terminal or terminal with axillary branches, rarely fascicled, or flowers solitary and axillary. Usually all the flowers of one inflorescence alike (? monoecious or dioecious).
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, never more than 15 mm. long, of various colours (in our area only white, yellowish or greenish) sweet-scented, functionally unisexual; male with long filaments, fertile anthers and slender sterile ovary; female with short filaments, reduced sterile anthers and stout fertile ovary.
    Calyx
    Sepals free or ± connate, imbricate or not.
    Corolla
    Petals with claws sometimes connivent and blades usually spreading or revolute.
    Anthers
    Anthers opening by slits.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular, with 2–5 (in our area always 2) carpels; style short with a capitate or 2-lobed stigma, splitting in fruit according to the number of carpels; ovules ovoid.
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular with entire, leathery or woody, erect or spreading valves, sometimes reflexed when quite ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds variously deformed by mutual pressure, 2-many in 2 rows on each parietal placenta, orange to red, covered with a sticky, slow-drying resin.
    [FTEA]

    Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis (University of Vienna). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, never climbing or spiny
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or (outside Africa) rarely undulate or sinuate, glabrous or hairy
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences usually many-flowered subracemose or subumbellate panicles, terminal and/or axillary from the uppermost leaves, but (outside Africa) flowers sometimes solitary or clustered on the old wood
    Flowers
    Flowers regular, up to 15 mm. long, of various colours (but only white, greenish or yellow in Africa), sweet-scented, very often, perhaps always, functionally unisexual; ♂ with long filaments, fertile anthers and slender sterile ovary; ♀ with short filaments, reduced sterile anthers and stout fertile ovary
    Pistil
    Ovary unilocular, 2(–5)-merous; style ± as long as ovary, with truncate or sublobed stigma, splitting in fruit according to number of carpels; ovules ovoid
    Fruits
    Fruit a capsule; valves leathery or woody, yellow or brown, finally suberect, spreading or reflexed
    Seeds
    Seeds variously deformed by mutual pressure, 2–4(–many outside Africa) in two rows on each placenta, ripening orange or red, covered with a sticky slow-drying resin.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ascension, Azores, Baleares, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Corse, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, France, Great Britain, Italy, Jamaica, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia

    Pittosporum Banks ex Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Verdcourt, B. [4913A], Papua New Guinea 34325.000
    Johns, R.J. [9252], New Guinea 62486.000
    Letouzey, R. [8898], Cameroon K000106223
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8127], Nepal K001129027
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129028
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8130], India K001129038
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8131], India K001129039
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8132], Malaysia K001129040
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8132], Malaysia K001129041
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129023
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129024
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129025
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129026
    Kamrup [Cat. no. 8129], India K001129037

    First published in Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 286 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flore du Gabon 41: 1-75. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 124.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Cufod. in Fedde, Repert. 55: 27–112 (1952), 113 (1953).
    • in Gaertn. Fruct. 1: 286, t. 59 fig. 7 (1788).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.F.N.R.: 66 (1962)
    • K.T.S.: 380 (1961)
    • in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 34: 159 (1960)
    • in F.Z. 1: 298 (1960)
    • in Fl. Madag. (1955)
    • in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 1: 182 (1954)
    • Cuf. in F.R. 55: 27 (1952)
    • J. Léon, in F.C.B. 2: 574 (1951)
    • Pritzel in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 18a: 273 (1930)
    • in Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 286, t. 59/7 (1788)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0