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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Sirochloa S.Dransf.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms 250-300 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two, or several; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; chartaceous. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; chartaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea chartaceous. Palea apex dentate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; rudimentary.
    Flowers
    Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Sirochloa S.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 57: 965 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0