1. Family: Chrysobalanaceae R.Br.
    1. Hirtella L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, E. & S. Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Rosaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    Trees with hermaphrodite flowers
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, entire
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube narrowly cylindrical, usually gibbous, with 5 spreading or reflexing lobes; receptacle-mouth nearly circular, crateriform
    Corolla
    Petals 5, caducous
    Stamens
    Antheriferous stamens 7–9, long-exserted, free to the base, inserted on the dorsal rim of the receptacle mouth; staminodes very short, free to the base, inserted on the rim ventrally
    Pistil
    Ovary unilocular, inserted dorsally but appearing ± central in the receptacle mouth; ovules basal, 2 (apparently only 1 usually developing); style basal, filiform, long-exserted
    Fruits
    Fruit with a hard crustaceous pericarp.
    [FZ]

    Chrysobalanaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Lower leaf surface glabrous or with a few strigose or strigulose hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence many-flowered, usually a lax raceme or an elongate thyrse with patent flowers or lateral branches; the latter usually bear several sterile bracts and end in a single flower or a few cymosely arranged flowers.
    Flowers
    Flowers slightly zygomorphic.
    Bracteoles
    Bracts and bracteoles often with stalked or sessile glands.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle-tube subcampanulate to narrowly cylindric, slightly gibbous, usually shorter than the sepals, usually glabrous inside except near the throat, and hairy outside.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, subequal, usually spreading or reflexed.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, shorter than the sepals.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3–9; filaments laxly undulate in bud with a single undulation, inserted on abaxial surface of disk (at least in our area), far-exserted, usually much longer than the combined length of calyx and receptacle-tube.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes short, free.
    Ovary
    Ovary monocarpellary, 1-locular, usually inserted at mouth of receptacle-tube, style filiform, far-exserted.
    Fruits
    Drupe with exiguous mesocarp and smooth, thin, hard, non-granular endocarp with 4–7 longitudinal shallow channels which represent lines of weakness that permit the seedling to escape.
    Seeds
    Germination hypogeal, first leaves alternate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia

    Hirtella L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pennington, R.T. [54], Bolivia 53786.000
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132771

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 34 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Prance, G.T. & Sothers, C.A. (2003). Chrysobalanaceae 1 & 2 Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 9, 10: 1-319, 1-268. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • A. Chev. in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Sér. 2, 3: 192–195 (1931).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 34 (1753)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 20 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 34(1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 20 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 34 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0