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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to NW. India, Arizona to Arkansas and Mexico.
Abutilon fruticosum

[FZ]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 0·5–1·25 (2) m. tall, much branched, canescent to glaucous-grey with a dense very short velvety indumentum; stems terete, slender, at length glabrescent, woody and ultimately covered with a light brown or greyish bark with short darker linear markings.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 2–6 (10) × 1·5–4 (6) cm., apex obtuse to acute or somewhat acuminate, margin usually subentire to slightly crenate or serrate, less often more conspicuously serrate, upper surface grey-green with indistinct venation, lower surface paler and canescent with distinct somewhat prominent venation; petiole somewhat shorter or slightly longer than the corresponding lamina.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary on the main branches and/or on short leafy axillary shoots; pedicels 0·5–4 (8) cm. long, slender, terete, articulated near the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5–6 mm. long, broadly campanulate to cupular, divided to about the middle; lobes triangular or triangular-ovate, mucronate, minutely ciliate, with indistinct median vein.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 7–10 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube stellate-hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 8 × 10–12 mm., broadly cylindric with rounded base, widely and shallowly umbilicate. Mericarps usually c. 10, broadly keeled in apical half (hence fruit in upper half characteristically furrowed between the mericarps), obliquely truncate-convex at the apex with the dorsal angle subacute to shortly mucronate but not awned, when not yet ripe densely and shortly greyish-green, ultimately grey-brown, stellate-tomentose dorsally and on the apical dorsal area of the flat sides, not turning black.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually 3, c. 1·5 × 1·5 mm., usually greyish-brown, minutely verruculose-punctate.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb or shrub, up to at least 1 m tall, all parts greyish tomentose with very short stellate hairs, rarely also with long simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with 0.5–8.5 cm long petiole; blade ± broadly ovate, 2–11 x 1.5–8 cm, cordate at the base, acute to rounded at the apex, with subentire to shallowly crenate or serrate margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf axils or on short axillary branches; pedicels 1–4(–8) cm long, slender
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–10 mm long, divided to about the middle, usually shorter than the fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 7–17 mm long, yellow to orange
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps c. 10, 5–9 x 3–4 mm, 2–3-seeded, dorsal angle subacute to mucronate but not awned, tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 2 mm long, papillose.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3 fairly widespread in drier parts of tropical Africa, also in Arabia to India.
Ecology
Altitude range 20–1650 m.
Vernacular
Wanaa-ad (Somali)

[FWTA]

Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A hoary, much-branched, woody perennial, 3–6 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
Comparatively small leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Carpels 2–3-seeded.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Senegal, R. Senegal, Saffal island, near Saint Louis, Perrottet 80 (P, holo.; BM!, iso.). (A ‘Roger dedit’ sheet from Herb Gay at K is probably an isotype.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial or sometimes annual erect branched herb, usually ± woody, 0.5–1.2 m tall with all parts velvety with very fine greyish stellate tomentum but long hairs usually absent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with lamina ovate, 0.8–6(–12) × 0.8–4(–9.5) cm, rounded to acute at apex, cordate at base, shallowly crenate-dentate; petiole 0.4–4.5(–9) cm long; stipules filiform, 8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary; pedicel 1–4(–8) cm long, the part above the joint 2–4 mm long; calyx 4–6.5(–10) mm long, lobed for 1/3–2/3 its length into ovate-acuminate lobes 2–5(–7) × 1.8–3.5(–6) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or orange; petals obovate, 5–12(–17) × 5–11 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal column hairy above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit squarish, 7–10 mm long, subtruncate at apex, densely stellate-pubescent; mericarps 9–10, 5–9 × 3–4 mm, with dorsal angle subacute to acute but not awned, 2–3-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.5–2 mm long, papillose.

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Arkansas, Botswana, Burkina, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Namibia, New Mexico, Niger, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Texas, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Aldabra

Abutilon fruticosum Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [26], Namibia K000450339
Headley, P.M. [207], Ethiopia 6049.066
Mathew, B. [6721], Kenya 6049.233
Ethiopia K000240397
Hooker [s.n.], Senegal K000240399

First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 70 (1831)

Accepted by

  • Abedin, S. (1979). Flora of West Pakistan 130: 1-107.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Riedl, I. (1976). Flora Iranica 120: 1-86. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 59.
  • F.T.A. 1: 187
  • Fl. Seneg. 1: 70 (1831)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Riedl, I. (1976). Flora Iranica 120: 1-86. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Exell & Mendonça, C.F.A. 1 (1): 153 (1937) & 2: 373 (1951)
  • F.P.S. 2: 15, fig. 6 (1952)
  • F.T.A. 1: 187 (1868)
  • F.Z. 1: 489, t. 93, fig. 4 (1961)
  • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 244, fig. 82.22.1–4 (1995)
  • Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 70 (1831)
  • Fl. W. Pak. 130: 55 (1979)
  • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 337 (1958)
  • T.T.C.L.: 298 (1949)
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 2: 76, fig. 46 A–C (1999).
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 101 (1994) (sphalm (Cav.) Guill. & Perr.)
  • Wood, Handb. Yemen Fl.: 107 (1997)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/