1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Justicia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific, Tropical & Subtropical America.



    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Christmas I., Cook Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sicilia, St.Helena, Venezuelan Antilles

    Justicia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2013 Tchiengue, B. [2518], Cameroon K000745926
    Aug 1, 2013 Groeninckx, I. [352], Madagascar K000662464
    Sep 1, 2007 Luke, W. R. Q. [11687], Kenya K000469024
    Jan 1, 1996 Schoenenberger, J. [15], Cameroon K000198724
    Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1195], Mexico K000064769
    Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1175], Mexico K000064770
    Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1188], Mexico K000064772
    Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1191], Mexico K000064775
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10953], Tanzania 2900.000
    Verdcourt, B. [665], Kenya 13092.000
    Verdcourt, B. [837], Uganda 2896.000
    Verdcourt, B. [788], Tanzania 4257.000
    Gillett, J.B. [13969], Kenya 2897.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2289], Tanzania 13091.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4452], Kenya 2892.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1776], Tanzania 4256.000
    Hemsley, J.H. [1465], Tanzania 2885.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [25389], Nigeria 13095.000
    Keay, R.W.J. [25602], Nigeria 4264.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [510], Kenya 2884.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [844], Kenya 2888.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [824], Kenya 2890.000
    Chancellor, R.J. [177], Uganda 13093.000
    Chancellor, R.J. [177], Uganda 2895.000
    Robinson, E.A. [210], Zambia 2901.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [29], Zambia 2899.000
    Harley, R.M. [20160], Brazil K001033576
    Harley, R.M. [20160], Brazil K001033674
    Harley, R.M. [18322], Brazil K001033675
    Harley, R.M. [10581], Brazil K001033681
    Hinton, G.B. [10316], Mexico K000064801
    Hinton, G.B. [16063], Mexico K000064802
    Hinton, G.B. [16061], Mexico K000064776
    Hinton, G.B. [5190], Mexico K000064777
    Hinton, G.B. [12524], Mexico K000064789
    Hinton, G.B. [12291], Mexico K000064790
    Hinton, G.B. [10855], Mexico K000064791
    Hinton, G.B. [10955], Mexico K000064792
    Hinton, G.B. [11478], Mexico K000064794
    Hinton, G.B. [15845], Mexico K000064774
    Hinton, G.B. [16104], Mexico K000064778
    Hinton, G.B. [16100], Mexico K000064779
    Hinton, G.B. [15189], Mexico K000064786
    Hinton, G.B. [1028], Mexico K000064788
    Hornby, R.M. [755 or 2083], Tanzania 13094.000
    Hornby, R.M. [2083 or 755], Tanzania 4263.000
    Hunt, D.R. [5890], Brazil K001033584
    Philcox, D. [4049], Brazil K001033586
    Gourlay, W.B. [5], Mexico K000064773
    Bogdan, A. [3702], Kenya 2894.000
    Trail, J.W.H. [658], Brazil K001033696
    Scott, H [239], Ethiopia 2893.000
    Beentje, H.J. [4738], Madagascar 60563.000
    Beentje, H.J. [4683], Madagascar 62894.000
    Rico, L. [1006], Mexico K000064793
    Rico, L. [2014], Mexico K000265993
    Onishi, E. [336], Brazil K001033585
    Lindeman, J.C. [2138], Brazil K001033682
    Peterson, K.M. [432], Mexico K000064771
    Drummond, H.B. [2100], Tanzania 4259.000
    Bidgood, S. [6114], Tanzania K000468311
    Bidgood, S. [6022], Tanzania K000468403
    Mori, S.A. [9376], Brazil K001033666
    Mori, S.A. [11495], Brazil K001033683
    Chautems, A. [80], Brazil K001033678
    Martinelli, G. [9100], Brazil K001033593
    Martinelli, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001033700
    Martinelli, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001033701
    Giulietti, A.M. [13758], Brazil K001033689
    Richards, H.M. [4870], Zambia K000419239 holotype
    Richards, H.M. [4870], Zambia K000419240 holotype
    Tanzania K000046865
    Cavalcanti, T.B. [2371], Brazil K001033583
    Irwin, H.S. [20584], Brazil K001033672
    Silva, M.B. [164], Brazil K001033662
    Anderson, W.R. [10757], Brazil K001033572
    Calderon, C.E. [2883], Brazil K001033577
    Calderon, C.E. [2693], Brazil K001033580
    Calderon, C.E. [2897], Brazil K001033702
    Amaral, I.L. [1093], Brazil K001033571
    Fonseca, M.L. [1241], Brazil K001033668
    Kuhlmann, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001033665
    Kuhlmann, M. [4339], Brazil K001033680
    Kuhlmann, M. [4339], Brazil K001033685
    Palmer, E. [4021], Mexico K000064798
    Palmer, E. [788], Mexico K000064799
    Krukoff, B.A. [5364], Brazil K001033591
    Krukoff, B.A. [5133], Brazil K001033654
    Krukoff, B.A. [6530], Brazil K001033670
    Krukoff, B.A. [6530], Brazil K001033671
    Mueller, F. [163], Brazil K001033686
    Sperling, C.R. [6026], Brazil K001033570
    Sperling, C.R. [6053], Brazil K001033590
    Sperling, C.R. [6033], Brazil K001033592
    Sperling, C.R. [6152], Brazil K001033651
    Gaumer, G.F., Mexico K000064785
    Dusén, P. [10880], Brazil K001033695
    Miers, J. [4660], Brazil K001033673
    Lleras, E. [P/16868], Brazil K001033705
    Steward, W.C. [P/13104], Brazil K001033579
    Mori, S. [10678], Brazil K001033667
    Teixeira, L.O.A. [521], Brazil K001033679
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132510
    Langlassé, E. [635], Mexico K000064803
    Hahn, M., Mexico K000064784
    Pires, J.M. [51267], Brazil K001033589
    Pires, J.M. [48853], Brazil K001033698
    Pires, J.M. [48853], Brazil K001033699
    Taylor, E.L. [E/1300], Brazil K001033697
    Rosa, N.A. [1098], Brazil K001033594
    González O., J. [1B], Mexico K000064795
    González O., J. [636], Mexico K000064797
    González O., J. [5589], Mexico K000064780
    Morton, C.V. [2364], Mexico K000064796
    MacDougall, T. [H106], Mexico K000064787
    Mendonça, R.C. [3041], Brazil K001033669
    Mendonça, R.C. [2140], Brazil K001033690
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001033652
    Ferreira, C.A.C. [6293], Brazil K001033657
    Prance, G.T. [12229], Brazil K001033578
    Prance, G.T. [13729], Brazil K001033581
    Prance, G.T. [58661], Brazil K001033588
    Prance, G.T. [1685], Brazil K001033663
    Prance, G.T. [58905], Brazil K001033664
    Prance, G.T. [12596], Brazil K001033687
    Prance, G.T. [13910], Brazil K001033691
    Prance, G.T. [15796], Brazil K001033692
    Prance, G.T. [7291], Brazil K001033704
    Bolland [17], Brazil K001033677
    Hill, S.R. [12823], Brazil K001033703
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4802], Brazil K001033573
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4502], Brazil K001033574
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4834], Brazil K001033575
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4599], Brazil K001033706
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4557], Brazil K001033707
    Hemming, J.H. [23], Brazil K001033587
    Ferreira, A.R. [784], Brazil K001033653
    Ferreira, A.R. [281], Brazil K001033655
    Ferreira, A.R. [410], Brazil K001033656
    Glaziou, A. [21885/a], Brazil K001033684
    Glaziou, A. [13081], Brazil K001033688
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132338
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001033693
    Burchell [7580], Brazil K001033658
    Burchell [5643], Brazil K001033659
    Burchell [7577/2], Brazil K001033660
    Burchell [7580], Brazil K001033661
    Glaziou [11346], Brazil K001033694
    Zampieri, C. [62], Brazil K001033582
    Paula- Zárete, E.L. [257], Brazil K001033676
    Mexia, Y. [8732], Mexico Jacobinia K000064781
    Drummond, R.B. [1998], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 2839.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1720], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 2898.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2094], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 4296.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1874], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 4297.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 15 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (2009). New names, combinations and synonyms in Justicia and Stenostephanus Kew Bulletin 64: 49-55. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Daniel, T.F. & Figueiredo, E. (2009). The California Academy of Sciences Gulf of Guinea Expeditions (2001, 2006, 2008) VII. Acanthaceae of São Tomé and Príncipe Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 60: 623-674.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 5: 179.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Graham in Kew Bull. 43: 551–624 (1988).
    • Sp. Pl.: 15 (1753).


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/