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  1. Family: Nyctaginaceae Juss.
    1. Mirabilis Riv. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Nyctaginaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Erect herbs with tuberous roots
    Leaves opposite, lower petiolate, upper sessile
    Inflorescences 1–many-flowered, branched, often dense cymes
    Flowers sometimes fragrant, bisexual; bracts forming a calyx-like involucre with 5 lobes; perianth brightly coloured, trumpet-shaped, constricted above the green basal region
    Stamens 3–6, exserted; filaments united at the base into a fleshy cup
    Ovary sessile, ellipsoid or ovoid; style filiform, exserted, stigma shortly lobed or fimbriate
    Anthocarp subglobose to ellipsoid or obovoid, ribbed or tuberculate, not viscid; embryo hooked.

    Nyctaginaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Erect perennial herbs, tuberous-rooted, much-branched.
    Leaves opposite.
    Inflorescences cymose, 1-many flowered.
    Involucre of connate bracts calyx-like, 5-lobed.
    Flowers conspicuous, hermaphrodite, ephemeral.
    Perianth variable in form but often tubular with expanded 5-lobed limb, lower portion constricted above ovary, persistent in fruit, upper portion petaloid, coloured, caducous after anthesis.
    Stamens 3–6, unequal, usually exserted.
    Ovary sessile or subsessile, 1-ovulate; style long exserted; stigma globose, usually with densely packed papillae or fimbriate.
    Anthocarp ellipsoid, globose or claviform, often angled or ribbed, smooth or tuberculate. Fruit enclosed in hardened perianth base (anthocarp).



    Native to:

    Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Introduced into:

    Albania, Algeria, Angola, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Desventurados Is., Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Easter Is., Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gambia, Germany, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Italy, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Korea, Kriti, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Mirabilis Riv. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000202332
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000202333


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 177 (1753)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 1.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 82 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 177 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Bittrich & U. Kühn in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 482 (1993)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 82 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 177 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.