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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.
Boerhavia coccinea

[FWTA]

Nyctaginaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Diagnostic
The W. African specimens differ from typical coccinea in the close pubescence of the stems and the pink (not crimson) flowers.

[FZ]

Nyctaginaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes viscid.
Morphology Stem
Stems sprawling or ascending to 2–3 (4) m. with erect flowering stems, diffusely branched, sparsely to densely glandular-pubescent, often with interspersed long, septate hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 0.7–5.5 × 0.4–5 cm., ovate, elliptic or subcircular, base subcordate to rounded, apex rounded to acute, often apiculate or mucronate, glandular-pubescent mainly along the veins or more commonly more or less glabrous except for long, septate hairs particularly along veins and margins; petioles up to 4 cm. long, glandular-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal and axillary, cymose, often aggregated, repeated branching distally and reduction of superior leaves sometimes giving a paniculate appearance, glandular-pubescent, more rarely glabrescent, often viscid; peduncles often stout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles 0.6–2 mm. long, ovate, acuminate, margin fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 3-many per cluster, subsessile or with pedicels up to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 1.75–3.5 mm. long, glandular-pubescent, lower portion 5-ribbed, upper portion 0.5–2.5 mm. long, campanulate, white, pink, magenta or mauve.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (1) 2–3 (4), subequal, exserted 1.5–4.5 mm. long, subequal, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 0.4–0.6 mm. long, glabrous; style 1.3–4.0 mm. long, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarps 3–4 × 0.8–1 mm., narrowly fusiform to clavate-fusiform, apex obtuse, glandular-pubescent, rarely glabrescent, ribs 5, smooth, rounded, glandular-pubescent, more rarely glabrescent.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 4 - 1000 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, stems sprawling to ascending
Morphology General Indumentum
Most parts glandular-hairy, sometimes conspicuously so, occasionally apparently eglandular
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole well-defined, up to 3 cm long; leaf-blade very variable, lanceolate to suborbicular, to 1.8–6 x 1–5.5 cm, cuneate to shallowly cordate at the base, rounded to acute at the tip, obscurely sinuate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in 2–8-flowered clusters that are usually arranged in an ascending panicle; pedicel to 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-limb white, pink or mauve, up to 2(–5) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarp fusiform, obviously 5-ribbed, 3–3.5(–4) mm long, usually glandular hairy.
Distribution
N1–3; C1; S1, 2 widespread in Africa. Near sea level–1580 m.
Vernacular
Aiyu, dalagh, ged irman, lalagh (Somali).
Note
A polymorphic species with a complex infraspecific nomenclature. In Somalia there is considerable variation in the indumentum, habit, and size and shape of leaves, but the characters are mostly not correlated and no formal taxa have been recognised here. However, Kazmi, Elmi & Rodal 525 and Thulin & Warfa 7117 represent a large-flowered (perianth-limb 4–5 mm long), prostrate and particularly glandular-sticky coastal form in S2 that may well merit taxonomic segregation, perhaps even at species level. The Old World material of the species appears to differ from that of the New World by the paler flowers. In American collections the flowers are rather consistently described as being “blood-red”.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
hierba centella, pega pega

[FTEA]

Nyctaginaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, prostrate, ascending or erect herb up to 1 m., sometimes with a thick taproot.
Morphology Stem
Stems fleshy, woody towards the base, sparsely pubescent to densely covered with long septate hairs, the nodes swollen.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate to lanceolate, up to 5.5×5.5 cm., green above, pale green to greyish white beneath, sometimes tinged purple or spotted red, often pubescent on both surfaces and sometimes with long septate hairs, the base truncate to cuneate, the apex rounded to acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences both axillary and terminal, simple and aggregated, (3–)5–7(–14)-flowered cymes; branches densely pubescent to sparingly minutely puberulous, never glabrous; axillary peduncles (1–)1.5–4.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 1.5–3.5 mm. long; upper portion pale pink to purple, rarely white, 1–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2–3, slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± 0.5 mm.; style slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarp obovoid to ellipsoid, 3–4×1–1.5 mm., 5-ribbed, glandular-pubescent.
Figures
Fig. 1/6.
Habitat
Disturbed, rocky and sandy ground in open bushland, cultivation, waste places, roadsides, sea shore, dry river beds and lava flows; 0–1400 m.
Distribution
pantropical weed K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6

Native to:

Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, California, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Alabama, Algeria, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Virginia, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Red spiderling

Boerhavia coccinea Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 4, 2005 Wace [10], Christmas I. K000223051
Hooker [s.n.], Morocco K000243782
Maw, G. [s.n.], Morocco K000243783
Rein and Fritsch. [436], Morocco K000243784
Galpin, E.E. [1240], South Africa K000243774 syntype
Gerrard [1787], South Africa K000243785 syntype
Gerrard [1787], South Africa K000243786 syntype
Burchell [2381], South Africa K000243787 syntype
s.coll. [s.n.] K000779403
Banks, J. [s.n.], India K000357506 Unknown type material
Ridley, H.R. [145], Christmas I. K000779401 isotype
s.coll. [s.n.] K000779402
Mexia, I. [8866], Mexico K000966647
Schinz, H. [741], South Africa Boerhavia diffusa var. hirsuta K000243788
Palmer, E [193], Mexico Boerhavia ixodes K000572640 Unknown type material
Palmer, E. [715], Mexico Boerhavia sonorae K000572645

First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 4 (1768)

Accepted by

  • (1984). Flora of Australia 4: 1-354. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.455.4.5/40917 epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Cruz Durán, R. & al. (2014). Flora de Guerrero 63: 1-86. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Franck, A.R., Anderson, L.C., Burkhalter, J.R. & Dickman, S. (2016). Additions to the flora of Florida, U.S.A. (2010-2015) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10: 175-190.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1984). Flora of Bhutan 1(2): 189-462. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Struwig, M. & al. (2015). Nyctaginaceae: A taxonomic treatment for the flora of Namibia Phytotaxa 238: 101-135.
  • Struwig, M. (2011). A systematic study of Boerhavia L. and Commicarpus Standl. (Nyctaginaceae) in southern Africa: 1-287. Thesis, Potchefstroom campus of the North-West University.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Nyctaginaceae: 1-20.

Not accepted by

  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2003). Flora of Oman 1: 1-262. National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Meise. [Cited as Boerhavia diffusa.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gard. Dict. No. 4 (1768) var. α .

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (1984). Flora of Australia 4: 1-354. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.455.4.5/40917 epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Franck, A.R., Anderson, L.C., Burkhalter, J.R. & Dickman, S. (2016). Additions to the flora of Florida, U.S.A. (2010-2015) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10: 175-190.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1984). Flora of Bhutan 1(2): 189-462. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Struwig, M. (2011). A systematic study of Boerhavia L. and Commicarpus Standl. (Nyctaginaceae) in southern Africa: 1-287. Thesis, Potchefstroom campus of the North-West University.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
  • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Nyctaginaceae: 1-20.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 83, t. 19 (1994).
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  • Hepper et al., Annot. Check-list Pl. Mt. Kulal: 42 (1981).
  • Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8, unpaginated (Boerhaavia no. 4) (1768).
  • Stannard in Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 22 (1988).
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  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 1: 208 (1978).
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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
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© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
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© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
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