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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Boerhavia diffusa

[FZ]

Nyctaginaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, usually much branched from base.
Morphology Stem
Stems spreading, decumbent with ascending flowering stems to 1 m., diffusely branched, glabrous to puberulous, often with long septate hairs particularly around nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1.5–6 × 0.8–5 cm., ovate, elliptic or subcircular, base subcordate, rounded, more or less truncate or broadly cuneate, apex acute to rounded, sometimes apiculate, usually more or less glabrous with long septate hairs mainly along veins below and margins; petioles to 4 cm., glabrous to puberulous, often with long septate hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences elongating greatly after start of flowering, ultimately lax, terminal, leafless, cymose panicles, occasionally a few scattered simple axillary cymes, branches glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles more or less 1 mm. long, ovate to lanceolate, acuminate, margins fimbriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually 2–7 (11) per cluster, sessile or with pedicels to 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 1.6–2.5 mm. long, lower portion 5-ribbed, glandular-pubescent, upper portion 0.5–1.2 mm. long, campanulate, whitish, pink, carmine or purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3, subequal, slightly exserted 1.5–2.5 mm. long,.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary more or less 0.5 mm. long, glabrous; style 1–1.5 mm. long, slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarps 3–3.5 × 1–1.75 mm., clavate, apex rounded, glandular pubescent.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FTEA]

Nyctaginaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, prostrate, ascending or erect herb up to 1 m., sometimes with a thick taproot.
Morphology Stem
Stems fleshy, becoming woody towards the base, green, sometimes tinged purple, branching mainly from the base, the nodes swollen, glabrescent to puberulous with long septate hairs especially around the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate to lanceolate, up to 6×5 cm., green, paler beneath, the base truncate to cuneate, the apex rounded to acute, with long septate hairs on the sinuate margins and veins beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a large diffuse terminal panicle up to 35 cm., the individual cymes (1–)3–5(–7)-flowered; branches glabrous to glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 1.5–2.5 mm. long; upper portion pink to purple, 1–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1(–3), slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± 0.5 mm.; style slightly exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarp obovoid, 3–4×1–1.5 mm., 5-ribbed, rounded at the apex, glandular-pubescent.
Figures
Fig. 1/1–4.
Habitat
Disturbed ground in cultivation, waste places and grassland and along paths and dry stream beds; 0–1800 m.
Distribution
pantropical weed K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
lagaña de perro, pegajosa, pegajosita, rodilla de pollo

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Ascending annual or short-lived perennial with ± prostrate basal parts; nodes and leaf-margins with long multicellular hairs, at least when young
Morphology Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate to subcircular, 1.5–6 x 0.8–5 cm, subcordate to broadly cuneate at the base, acute to rounded at the apex, glabrous except for margins and veins beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
All bracts very small, ultimate unit of inflorescence a pedunculate 2–7(–11)-flowered umbel; pedicel 0–1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-limb 0.5–1.2 mm long, purplish-red; stamens 1–3, slightly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarp clavate, 3–3.5 mm long, sharply 5-sided with rounded tip, glandular-pubescent.
Distribution
S2 pantropical.
Ecology
Altitude range 30–50 m.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Aldabra, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Desventurados Is., Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Brazil North, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue

Boerhavia diffusa L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1782], Cameroon K000008078
Jan 1, 1994 Leechman, A. [s.n.], Guyana K001138105
Jan 1, 1974 Kotschy [160], Sudan K000243773 Unknown type material
Hill, F.L. [513], Australia 30719.000
McWhirter, J.H. [125], Madagascar 32245.000
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770] K001124775
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6770], India K001124782
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6770], Myanmar K001124783
Burchell [1722], Brazil K001138327
Burchell [1029], Brazil K001138122
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001138124
Weiss [s.n.], Brazil K001138129
Lowe, J. [4267], Brazil K001138134
Stannard, B.L. [826], Brazil K001138139
Lleras, E. [18252], Brazil K001138136
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000202330
Bolland, G. [1926], Brazil K001138111
Traill, J.W.H. [680], Brazil K001138118
Eiten, G. [9708], Brazil K001138133
Glaziou [9561], Brazil K001138114
Philcox, D. [4487], Brazil K001138135
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770], India K001124778
Nascimento, M.S.B. [107], Brazil K001138109
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770] K001124776
Newstedt, E.F. [275], Brazil K001138108
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770], India K001124779
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770] K001124774
Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K001138115
Gardner [1116], Brazil K001138328
Glaziou, A. [13113], Brazil K001138112
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 6770], India K001124781
Eiten, G. [10328], Brazil K001138138
Christenhuiz, M.J.M. [s.n.], Malaysia K000696697
Mitchell [Cat. no. 6770] K001124777
Miers, J. [3017], Brazil K001138113
Burchell [1515], Brazil K001138121
Gardner [1116], Brazil K001138126
Burchell [8176], Brazil K001138123
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770] K001124785
Archer, W.A. [8212], Brazil K001138132
Spruce, R. [4509], Peru K000202329
Pickersgill, B. [72-211], Brazil K001138137
Eiten, G. [8303], Brazil K001138130
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6770] K001124780
Krukoff, B.A. [1861], Brazil K001138127
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001138116
Leechman, A. [s.n.], Guyana K001138106
Agra, M.F. [1189], Brazil K001138107
Traill, J.W.H. [680], Brazil K001138120
Ridley [129], Brazil K001138125
Froes, R. [1861], Brazil K001138128
Bolland, G. [1926], Brazil K001138110
Milne [s.n.], Brazil K001138117
Burchell [8932], Brazil K001138119
Thomas, D.W. [2129], Cameroon K000029885
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6770], Myanmar K001124784
Eiten, G. [4893], Brazil K001138131
Jun 1, 1978 Hassler, E. [11487], Paraguay Boerhavia diffusa var. leiocarpa K000572636
Jun 1, 1968 Balansa, B. [2634], Paraguay Boerhavia diffusa var. leiocarpa K000572638 syntype
Jun 1, 1968 Hassler, E. [3524], Paraguay Boerhavia diffusa var. leiocarpa K000572637 syntype

First published in Sp. Pl.: 3 (1753)

Accepted by

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  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
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  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 1: 153, partly.
  • Sp. Pl. 3 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flore des Mascareignes 136-148: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
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Flora of Somalia

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Flora of Tropical East Africa

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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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