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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FTEA]

Piperaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, shrubs, slender trees, climbers or scramblers, only rarely epiphytic, if with unisexual flowers (usually in the Old World) then monoecious or dioecious; stemsthickened at the nodes, often hollow, sometimes producing adventitious roots, glabrous or with indumentum of simple or multicellular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, symmetrical or asymmetrical, occasionally peltate, sometimes lobed at the base, membranous to coriaceous; venation palmate or pinnate; petiole sometimes sheathing, the adnate stipule-like organs soon falling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leaf-opposed or apparently axillary, pedunculate, solitary or in one small but very widespread group several on short leafless shoots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite (mostly New World) or unisexual, sessile or pedicellate, crowded to widely placed on an often fleshy rhachis, each with a round triangular semilunate or calceiform bract
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2–6; anthers basifixed with thecae usually distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary conoid, subglobose, conic, obovoid or subcylindrical; styles long, short or absent; stigmas 2–4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits globose, obpyramidal, cylindrical or ovoid to flask-shaped, dry or fleshy, glabrous to densely puberulous, papillose-pubescent or hispidulous, sometimes glandular, often pedicellate.

[FZ]

Piperaceae, M.A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Erect, scandent or climbing shrubs, or sometimes lianes.
Morphology Stem
Stems often hollow, jointed at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, sometimes asymmetrical at the base, membranous or coriaceous.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules adnate to the petiole, soon caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or leaf-opposed, pedunculate, with flowers in dense cylindrical spikes, rarely racemose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual; plants monoecious or dioecious.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2–4(6) in the Flora Zambesiaca area; filaments short; anthers basifixed with the thecae usually distinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ± ovoid to subglobose; stigmas 2–4(5), erect or recurved, sessile or on a short style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a ± globose 1-seeded drupe, sessile, rarely pedunculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed sub-globose; testa thin; endosperm and perisperm hard.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Ascension, Christmas I., Florida, Galápagos, Maldives, Seychelles

Piper L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2003 Ensermu, K. [3560], Cameroon K000180227
Giles [PB302], Borneo 25237.000
Pennington, R.T. [94], Bolivia 56622.000
Johns, R.J. [9201], New Guinea 62500.000
Johns, R.J. [9843], New Guinea 64282.000
Johns, R.J. [9846], New Guinea 64284.000
Johns, R.J. [8974], New Guinea 70220.000
Johns, R.J. [9189], New Guinea 62563.000
Johns, R.J. [9839], New Guinea 71222.000
Johns, R.J. [9841], New Guinea 64371.000
Triono, T. [178], New Guinea 70637.000
Wight, R. [Cat. no. s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K001132521
Cable, S. [2724], Cameroon K000180222

First published in Sp. Pl.: 28 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Callejas Posada, R. (2020). Flora Mesoamericana 2(2): 1-590. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Melo, A. & Alves, M. (2021). Piper (Piperaceae) in eastern Northeast Brazil Phytotaxa 505: 1-38.
  • Suwanphakdee, C. & al. (2020). A synopsis of Thai Piper (Piperaceae) Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 48: 145-183.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"
  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1 : 144

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bentham & Hooker f., Gen. Pl. 3: 129 (1880).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 18 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. : 28 (1753)
  • Tebbs in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 518 (1993).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 18 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 28 (1753)
  • Tebbs in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 518 (1993)
  • in Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus., Bot: 23: 1–50 (1993)

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0