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  1. Family: Salicaceae Mirb.
    1. Casearia Jacq.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees, sometimes very tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, manifestly distichous, entire, crenate or serrate, usually pellucid-punctate and/or -striate.
    Stipules
    Stipules caducous (in all our material) or persistent.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, in fascicles or glomerules, or single; pedicels articulated near the base and surrounded there by many scale-like bracts which often form a cushion in the leaf-axil.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle cupular or funnel-shaped; sepals 5, imbricate, persistent.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.
    Stamens
    Stamens (5) 7–10 (12), equal or alternate ones longer.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes alternating with the stamens, clavate or flattened, usually hairy above and united below with the stamens into a ± perigynous tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary free, ovoid or columnar; style 0 or very short; stigma capitate; ovules few to many.
    Fruits
    Capsule coriaceous, hard or succulent, globose-ovoid or oblong-ovoid, 3-angled when fresh, often 6-ribbed when dry, 2–4-valved.
    Seeds
    Seeds few to numerous, ovoid or ellipsoid, enveloped in a soft, membranous, coloured and usually fimbriate aril; testa crustaceous; endosperm fleshy; cotyledons flat.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrubs or mostly trees, sometimes up to 40 m. tall
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, distichous, coriaceous or rarely chartaceous, entire, wavy, or subserrate-crenulate especially when young, pellucid-punctate and/or -lineate at least in the young state, penninerved; lateral veins arcuate, or rarely nearly straight from the midrib; stipules small, caducous
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, small, solitary or usually few to numerous, clustered in axillary or slightly supra-axillary fascicles or glomerules, each from a cushion formed by few to numerous small scale-like bracts, hermaphrodite
    Inflorescences
    Pedicels articulated at the base
    Receptacle
    Receptacle cupular or funnel-shaped, ± perigynous, ± deeply 5-lobed
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes slightly imbricate, persistent
    Corolla
    Petals 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–10(–12), equal or alternate ones with longer filaments, alternating with as many flattened or clavate, usually densely hairy appendages (or staminodes) and connate with them below into a ± perigynous tube; filaments filiform; anthers small, often apiculate by the slightly protruding connective
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, attenuate to a short style; stigma capitate to almost disk-like
    Fruits
    Capsule coriaceous, hard or succulent in its outer part, yellow to orange-red, ovoid-globose to ellipsoid, slightly 3–4(–6)-angled when fresh, often 4–6-ribbed when dry, splitting from above into (2–)3–4 valves
    Seeds
    Seeds few to numerous, partly enveloped in a soft membranous, usually fimbriate aril which becomes reddish when exposed to the air.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Florida

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Casearia Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [6089], Brazil K001219303
    Harley, R.M. [6459], Brazil K001219306
    Cazalet, P. [7762], Ecuador 18966.000
    Stannard, B. [s.n.], Brazil K001219309
    Hatschbach, G. [66691], Brazil K001219200
    Rico, L. [1968], Dominican Republic K000478739
    Zarucchi, J.L. [1904], Colombia 44738.000
    Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M/171], Brazil K001219310
    Ratter, J.A. [4523], Brazil K001219198
    Ratter, J.A. [R/6220/V], Brazil K001219285
    Mori, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001219268
    Giulietti, A.M. [2442], Brazil K001219300
    Sano, P.T. [s.n.], Brazil K001219304
    Souza, V.C. [5470], Brazil K001219194
    Queiroz, L.P. [2962], Brazil K001219314
    Pirani, J.R. [2114], Brazil K001219366
    Pirani, J.R. [1997], Brazil K001219201
    Furlan, A. [2132], Brazil K001219364
    Coradin, L. [6551], Brazil K001219202
    Coradin, L. [6613], Brazil K001219203
    Coradin, L. [5892], Brazil K001219204
    Coradin, L. [6495], Brazil K001219205
    Coradin, L. [6613], Brazil K001219206
    Coradin, L. [5776], Brazil K001219207
    Carvalho, A.M. [854], Brazil K001219351
    Carvalho, A.M. [863], Brazil K001219357
    Carvalho, A.M. [1139], Brazil K001219271
    Ferraz, E. [268], Brazil K001219340
    Cordeiro, I. [267], Brazil K001219296
    Sales, M. [224], Brazil K001219335
    Sales, M. [471], Brazil K001219302
    Irwin, H.S. [48807], Brazil K001219307
    Irwin, H.S. [20332], Brazil K001219312
    Irwin, H.S. [20332], Brazil K001219313
    Andrade, I.M. [64], Brazil K001219338
    Heringer, E.P. [17908], Brazil K001219342
    Heringer, E.P. [5317], Brazil K001219343
    Heringer, E.P. [5378], Brazil K001219344
    Heringer, E.P. [5266], Brazil K001219345
    Heringer, E.P. [2622], Brazil K001219350
    Heringer, E.P. [17491], Brazil K001219362
    Heringer, E.P. [6180], Brazil K001219363
    Heringer, E.P. [5178], Brazil K001219365
    Heringer, E.P. [2467], Brazil K001219367
    Heringer, E.P. [5286], Brazil K001219368
    Heringer, E.P. [5866], Brazil K001219369
    Heringer, E.P. [5285], Brazil K001219196
    Heringer, E.P. [5522], Brazil K001219197
    Heringer, E.P. [6071], Brazil K001219256
    Heringer, E.P. [1858], Brazil K001219257
    Heringer, E.P. [5236], Brazil K001219263
    Heringer, E.P. [1529], Brazil K001219264
    Heringer, E.P. [2904], Brazil K001219265
    Heringer, E.P. [16024], Brazil K001219266
    Heringer, E.P. [5236], Brazil K001219270
    Heringer, E.P. [2538], Brazil K001219272
    Heringer, E.P. [2252], Brazil K001219273
    Heringer, E.P. [18558], Brazil K001219277
    Heringer, E.P. [6900], Brazil K001219278
    Heringer, E.P. [5590], Brazil K001219279
    Heringer, E.P. [14821], Brazil K001219280
    Andrade-Lima [MI58], Brazil K001219288
    Eiten, G. [9777], Brazil K001219346
    Eiten, G. [10493], Brazil K001219356
    Eiten, G. [10543], Brazil K001219358
    Eiten, G. [10543], Brazil K001219359
    Eiten, G. [10702], Brazil K001219360
    Eiten, G. [5714], Brazil K001219267
    Eiten, G. [5720], Brazil K001219269
    Gasson, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001219301
    Morawetz, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001219361
    Menezes, E. [68], Brazil K001219336
    Borges, M. [30], Brazil K001219337
    Webster, G.L. [25724], Brazil K001219315
    Silva, L.A.M. [2479], Brazil K001219318
    Paula, J.E. [1310], Brazil K001219255
    Gottsberger, I. [15/71185], Brazil K001219299
    Oldenburger, F.H.F. [1523], Brazil K001219282
    Amaral, I.L. [1340], Brazil K001219276
    Ferreira, L.V. [15], Brazil K001219341
    Lleras, E. [P19592], Brazil K001219286
    Kuhlmann [198], Brazil K001219355
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8345], Brazil K001219281
    Williams, L.O. [8042], Brazil K001219195
    Williams, L.O. [8051], Brazil K001219199
    Taylor, E.L. [E/1008], Brazil K001219293
    Taylor, E.L. [1028], Brazil K001219298
    Silva, M.F.F. [1011], Brazil K001219287
    Daly, D.C. [4138], Brazil K001219347
    Daly, D.C. [4399], Brazil K001219319
    Daly, D.C. [4138], Brazil K001219320
    Lobo, M.G. [339], Brazil K001219294
    Rosa, N.A. [642], Brazil K001219275
    Rodrigues, W.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001219291
    Chagas, F. [6], Brazil K001219284
    Hopkins, M.J.G. [623], Brazil K001219260
    Hopkins, M.J.G. [562], Brazil K001219262
    Prance, G.T. [6920], Brazil K001219352
    Prance, G.T. [12074], Brazil K001219354
    Prance, G.T. [9515], Brazil K001219311
    Hill, S.R. [12930], Brazil K001219274
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [7239], Brazil K001219283
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [5233], Brazil K001219289
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [5284], Brazil K001219290
    Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4278], Brazil K001219295
    Rabelo, B.V. [3145], Brazil K001219292
    Rabelo, B.V. [3225], Brazil K001219297
    Mayo, S.J. [500], Brazil K001219316
    Mayo, S.J. [500], Brazil K001219317
    Martins, F.R. [12357], Brazil K001219349
    Todzia, C. [2284], Brazil K001219259
    Todzia, C. [2300], Brazil K001219261
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [14479], Brazil K001219353
    Hatschbach, G.M. [57040], Brazil K001219305
    Shepherd, G.J. [12206], Brazil K001219258
    Zickel, C. [483], Brazil K001219339
    Arraias, M.G. [5962], Brazil K001219308
    Fontella, J. [97], Brazil K001219348
    Heringer, E.P. [17518], Brazil Laetia K001219626
    Farney, C. [1709], Brazil Laetia K001219625
    Buchanan-Hamilton, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], India Anavinga K001132960

    Bibliography

    First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 4 (1760)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 2: 493.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Enum. Syst. Pl. Ins. Carib.: 4, 21 (1760).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Gilg in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 451 (1925)
    • Enum. Pl. Carib.: 4 (1760)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/