1. Family: Urticaceae Juss.
    1. Boehmeria Jacq.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Small trees or shrubs, sometimes woody-based herbaceous perennials, monoecious or dioecious, usually ± pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, equal- or unequal-sided, dentate, sometimes lobed; stipules free, lateral or ± connate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences cymose or racemose, with nearly always unisexual clusters of flowers, sessile along the axes of the inflorescence, bracts small, deciduous
    Male
    Male flowers (3–)4(–5)-merous; rudimentary ovary present
    Flowers
    Female flowers with tubular perianth, often contracted at apex, with 2–4 teeth, enclosing the ovary, of which only the filiform, persistent stigma protrudes Male flowers (3–)4(–5)-merous; rudimentary ovary present
    Female
    Female flowers with tubular perianth, often contracted at apex, with 2–4 teeth, enclosing the ovary, of which only the filiform, persistent stigma protrudes
    Fruits
    Achene enclosed in the persistent membranous perianth.
    [FZ]

    Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

    Habit
    Shrubs or small trees, sometimes woody-based herbaceous perennials, monoecious or dioecious, usually ± pubescent, stinging hairs absent.
    Cystoliths
    Cystoliths dot-like.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate, lamina triplinerved, equal- or unequal-sided, dentate sometimes lobed; stipules lateral, free or ± connate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, usually spike-like, with the flowers gathered in unisexual glomerules along the inflorescence axis (rarely sessile and globular); bracts small, deciduous.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with tubular perianths, constricted and 2–4-toothed at the apices, completely enclosing the ovaries. Style filiform, not articulated, with a one-sided filiform stigma. Male flowers (3)4(5)-merous with membranaceous tepals, rudimentary ovaries present or absent.
    Fruits
    Achene completely enclosed in and partly adnate to the persistent perianth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kuril Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marquesas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    California, France, Norfolk Is., Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan

    Boehmeria Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132548

    First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 9 (1760)

    Accepted by

    • Wilmot-Dear, C.M. & Friis, I. (2013). The Old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae), tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision Blumea 58: 85-216.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 284.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Enum. Pl. Carib.: 9, 31 (1760).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • G.F.P. 2: 188 (1967)
    • Engl. in E.& P. Pf. 3(1): 111(1888)
    • G.P. 3: 387 (1880)
    • Enum. Pl. Carib.: 9 & 31 (1760)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0