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This genus is accepted, and its native range is New World, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, E. Medit. To Temp. E. Asia and Indo-China.

[FTEA]

Phytolaccaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or herbs, erect or scrambling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal and lateral racemes, spikes or panicles, hermaphrodite, sometimes dimorphic, or ♂ and ♀, regular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5(–6), free, usually subequal, often becoming reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5–33 in 1–2 series, sometimes with the filaments shortly united at the base; anthers dorsifixed; stamens of ♀ flowers reduced to varying degrees
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid to subglobose, with 5–16 free or united carpels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a lobed berry, rounded or depressed-globose, thin-skinned
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed lenticular or subreniform, with a black brittle testa.

[FZ]

Phytolaccaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or herbs, sometimes scrambling.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes or panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals free, subequal, sometimes reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5-many, functional or rudimentary; filaments sometimes connate at base; anthers dorsifixed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary of 4-many carpels, free or united, functional or rudimentary; styles equal in number to carpels, free or connate at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 4-many, free or connate carpels, fleshy, globose to subglobose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed reniform or discoid; testa black.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Albania, Algeria, Ascension, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Cook Is., Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Jawa, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, Northern Territory, Palestine, Portugal, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Western Australia, Yugoslavia

Phytolacca Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
16964.000
Rico, L. [1207], Bolivia K000295054

First published in Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"
  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 96.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 441 (1753)
  • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 200 (1754).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • H. Walt. in E.P. IV. 83: 36 (1909)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 200 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0