1. Family: Phytolaccaceae R.Br.
    1. Phytolacca Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Phytolaccaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or herbs, erect or scrambling
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal and lateral racemes, spikes or panicles, hermaphrodite, sometimes dimorphic, or ♂ and ♀, regular
    Calyx
    Sepals (4–)5(–6), free, usually subequal, often becoming reflexed
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–33 in 1–2 series, sometimes with the filaments shortly united at the base; anthers dorsifixed; stamens of ♀ flowers reduced to varying degrees
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid to subglobose, with 5–16 free or united carpels
    Fruits
    Fruit a lobed berry, rounded or depressed-globose, thin-skinned
    Seeds
    Seed lenticular or subreniform, with a black brittle testa.
    [FZ]

    Phytolaccaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or herbs, sometimes scrambling.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes or panicles.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual.
    Calyx
    Sepals free, subequal, sometimes reflexed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5-many, functional or rudimentary; filaments sometimes connate at base; anthers dorsifixed.
    Pistil
    Ovary of 4-many carpels, free or united, functional or rudimentary; styles equal in number to carpels, free or connate at base.
    Fruits
    Fruit of 4-many, free or connate carpels, fleshy, globose to subglobose.
    Seeds
    Seed reniform or discoid; testa black.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Albania, Algeria, Ascension, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Cook Is., Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hawaii, Hungary, India, Italy, Jawa, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Caledonia, Norfolk Is., Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Phytolacca Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    16964.000
    Rico, L. [1207], Bolivia K000295054

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 96.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 200 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 441 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • H. Walt. in E.P. IV. 83: 36 (1909)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 200 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0