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  1. Family: Phytolaccaceae R.Br.
    1. Phytolacca Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Hawaii, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Phytolaccaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Trees, shrubs or herbs, erect or scrambling
    Flowers in terminal and lateral racemes, spikes or panicles, hermaphrodite, sometimes dimorphic, or ♂ and ♀, regular
    Sepals (4–)5(–6), free, usually subequal, often becoming reflexed
    Stamens 5–33 in 1–2 series, sometimes with the filaments shortly united at the base; anthers dorsifixed; stamens of ♀ flowers reduced to varying degrees
    Ovary ovoid to subglobose, with 5–16 free or united carpels
    Fruit a lobed berry, rounded or depressed-globose, thin-skinned
    Seed lenticular or subreniform, with a black brittle testa.

    Phytolaccaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Trees, shrubs or herbs, sometimes scrambling.
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes or panicles.
    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual.
    Sepals free, subequal, sometimes reflexed.
    Stamens 5-many, functional or rudimentary; filaments sometimes connate at base; anthers dorsifixed.
    Ovary of 4-many carpels, free or united, functional or rudimentary; styles equal in number to carpels, free or connate at base.
    Fruit of 4-many, free or connate carpels, fleshy, globose to subglobose.
    Seed reniform or discoid; testa black.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Albania, Algeria, Ascension, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Cook Is., Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Italy, Jawa, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., Palestine, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Phytolacca Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1207], Bolivia K000295054


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 96.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 200 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 441 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • H. Walt. in E.P. IV. 83: 36 (1909)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 200 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.