1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Celosia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, occasionally rather woody at the base, occasionally scandent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, entire or somewhat lobed.
    Flowers
    Flowers bibracteolate, in spikes or more generally dense to lax terminal and axillary bracteate thyrses (the uppermost frequently forming a panicle), lateral cymes lax to dense and forming lateral clusters and the inflorescence then spiciform.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, free, all more or less equal.
    Androecium
    Stamens 5, the filaments fused below into a short cup, the free portions deltoid below and narrow above or more or less swollen below; pseudostaminodes absent but minute blunt intermediate teeth occasionally found; anthers bilocular.
    Pistil
    Ovary with few to numerous ovules (one or two species occasionally with solitary ovules in some ovaries); style distinct and elongate to almost obsolete; stigmas 2–3, circular to filiform.
    Fruits
    Capsule circumcissile, sometimes thickened at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, usually strongly compressed and shining, subcircular, feebly to strongly reticulate, grooved, punctate or tuberculate; endosperm present.
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes rather woody at the base, occasionally scandent
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, entire or somewhat lobed
    Flowers
    Flowers small, bibracteolate, hermaphrodite, in spikes or more generally dense to lax axillary and terminal bracteate thyrses (the uppermost frequently forming a panicle), lateral cymes lax to dense and forming sessile clusters, the inflorescence then spiciform
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments 5, free, equal
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, the filaments fused below into a short sheath, the free portions deltoid below and filiform above; anthers bilocular
    Pistil
    Ovary with few-many (rarely solitary) ovules; style elongate to almost obsolete; stigmas usually 2–3
    Fruits
    Capsule circumscissile, sometimes thickened above
    Seeds
    Seeds black, usually strongly compressed and shining, roundish, feebly to strongly reticulate, grooved or tuberculate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bahamas, Benin, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil West-Central, California, Cambodia, Cayman Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Connecticut, Cook Is., Czechoslovakia, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Fiji, Galápagos, Hainan, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Malaya, Maldives, Manchuria, Marquesas, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Missouri, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Jersey, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, Ohio, Pakistan, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Qinghai, Queensland, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkmenistan, Utah, Vermont, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Xinjiang

    Celosia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Custódio Filho, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001207035

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 205 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Schinz in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 16C: 29 (1934).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 16
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Townsend, The genus Celosia (Subgenus Celosia) in tropical Africa, Hook. Ic. Pl. 38, 2: 1–123 (1975).
    • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 96 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 205 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • C.C. Townsend in Hook., Ic. Pl. 38(2) (1975)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 96 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 205 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0